Sayanogorsk

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Sayanogorsk (English)
Саяногорск (Russian)
Саяногорск (Khakas)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Republic of Khakassia (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Khakassia in Russia
Sayanogorsk is located in Khakassia
Sayanogorsk
Sayanogorsk
Location of Sayanogorsk in the Republic of Khakassia
Coordinates: 53°05′15″N 91°23′29″E / 53.08750°N 91.39139°E / 53.08750; 91.39139Coordinates: 53°05′15″N 91°23′29″E / 53.08750°N 91.39139°E / 53.08750; 91.39139
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Khakassia[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Sayanogorsk[1]
Administrative center of Town of Sayanogorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2007)
Urban okrug Sayanogorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Sayanogorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 49,887 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 320th
Time zone KRAT (UTC+08:00)[4]
Founded 1830[citation needed]
Town status since November 6, 1975[citation needed]
Previous names Oznachenoye (until 1975)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 655602, 655603
Dialing code(s) +7 39042[citation needed]

Sayanogorsk (Russian: Саяного́рск; Khakas: Саяногорск) is a town in the Republic of Khakassia, Russia, located on the left bank of the Yenisei River, 80 kilometers (50 mi) south of Abakan and about 45 kilometers (28 mi) east of the railway station on the Kamyshta line which goes from Abakan to Abaza. Population: 49,887 (2010 Census);[3] 50,255 (2002 Census);[6] 50,188 (1989 Census).[7]

Geography[edit]

The town has road and water links with Abakan and Minusinsk. The town itself is located in the steppe zone.

History[edit]

Sayanogorsk was founded on November 6, 1975, in connection with the construction of the Sayan-Shushenskaya HPP and the Sayan Aluminum Plant in the town.[citation needed]

The Fortress of the Yenisei Kyrgyz "Omaio Tour" (hence the Russian "Maina" - by the name Mainsk door) closes the passage along the Yenisei River in the Khakass-Minusinsk Basin. Nearby is the Sayan jail, which was founded by the Russian authorities. The village of Elim, standing on the left bank of the Yenisei River, has a long history. " It is the boundary of the Russian state" - as recorded in historical documents. There was a border post and a patrol tower there. The Cossacks and the settlements were located near this settlements. In 1830, peasants from the village Ochury, the Solomatova family, founded the Mainsk threshold, the Shushenskaya parish, and the Minusinsk District in the village of Elim.

A new page of history began in Elim with the arrival of prospectors and construction of the Sayan-Shushenskaya GES. In 1965, it was put near the temporary settlement of the construction builders and mounting trains. In 1968, the town had a lot of construction: building five-story houses, while objects of industrial infrastructure were created, and the Village Council was formed. In the 70's, industrial and civil construction was extended even more. In 1973, the plant "Sayanmramor" began issuing production based Kibik-Kordonsky and Sayan deposits of marble and granite. Encouraged, by the construction of the world's largest Sayano-Shushenskaya, HPP gave a powerful impetus to the development of the productive forces of the region and the growth of urban settlements.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two urban-type settlements and one rural locality, incorporated as the Town of Sayanogorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Sayanogorsk is incorporated as Sayanogorsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Despite being a small town, Sayanogorsk has one of the largest aluminum smelter plants in the world. The aluminum plant provides work for the majority of the town's residents. Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam, the largest hydro-electric dam in Russia and the world's 5th-largest by installed capacity, lies to the south of the town.

Climate[edit]

Moderately sharp continental climate. Annual precipitation: 250–300 mm. Fall mainly in the warm period. Average temperature in July: +28.6 °C (83.5 °F) Average temperature in January: −27.0 °C (−16.6 °F) Vegetation period: 160 days

Culture[edit]

Education[edit]

The town has ten schools, a subsidiary of KSU, a subsidiary of TUSUR, Stam, www.wtu.ru, Sayanogorsk Polytechnic College, South-Siberian Regional College.

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

In Sayanogorsk there is one local channel TV-8, on which there are broadcasts are on TV channel NTV.

Newspapers[edit]

Sayanogorsk publishes many periodicals some are "Environment", "Sayanogorsk Courier", "Sayan statements", and "Business Sayanogorsk.

Sports[edit]

The volleyball club "Borus" is based in Sayanogorsk.

Tourism and recreation[edit]

The Ski resort "Gladenkaya" is in Sayanogorsk.

Industry[edit]

The main industrial enterprises of the town are: Sayan Aluminum Plant - has Production of primary aluminum and alloys on its basis Khakas aluminum plant - has production of primary aluminum and alloys on its basis, Plant Rusal SAYANAL - has production of aluminum foil and packing materials on its basis, Company Stroyservice Company Sayanstroy Plant Sayanmoloko and JSC Branch Temporary Use - has the enterprise of industrial railway transport.

Energy[edit]

Sayano-Shushenskaya GES (starting the second hydraulic unit 1-December 18, 1978), Mainsk HPS.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #20
  2. ^ a b c Law #64
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. Закон №20 от 5 мая 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Хакасия», в ред. Закона №31-ЗРХ от 8 мая 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 14 и 18 Закона Республики Хакасия "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Хакасия"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Хакасии", №22, 12 мая 2004 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. Law #20 of May 5, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Khakassia, as amended by the Law #31-ZRKh of May 8, 2014 On Amending Articles&nsp;14 and 18 of the Law of the Republic of Khakassia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Khakassia". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date.).
  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. Закон №64 от 7 октября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ муниципального образования город Саяногорск и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №12-ЗРХ от 15 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Республики Хакасия "Об утверждении границ муниципального образования город Саяногорск и наделении его статусом городского округа"». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Вестник Хакасии", №48, 15 октября 2004 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. Law #64 of October 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Sayanogorsk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #12-ZRKh of March 15, 2013 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of the Republic of Khakassia "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Sayanogorsk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).