Sayler's Creek Battlefield

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Sayler's Creek Battlefield
Sayler'sCreekBattlefield 1936 LookingAcrossSaylersCreek cropped.jpg
View from Ewell's right across Sayler's Creek (Hillsman House in background), 1936 NPS photo
Sayler's Creek Battlefield is located in Virginia
Sayler's Creek Battlefield
Location Amelia / Prince Edward counties, Virginia, USA
Nearest city Farmville, Virginia
Coordinates 37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W / 37.31778°N 78.23389°W / 37.31778; -78.23389Coordinates: 37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W / 37.31778°N 78.23389°W / 37.31778; -78.23389
Area 1,022 acres (4.14 km2)[1]
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Colonial
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 85002436
VLR # 004-0019
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 4, 1985[3]
Designated NHL February 4, 1985[4]
Designated VLR October 16, 1984[2]

Sayler's Creek Battlefield near Farmville, Virginia was the site of the Battle of Sayler's Creek of the American Civil War. Robert E. Lee's army was retreating from the Richmond to Petersburg line. Here, on April 6, 1865, Union General Philip Sheridan cut off and beat back about a quarter of Lee's army. Eight Confederate generals surrendered, and 7,700 men were lost. This was the last major engagement of the war in Virginia; Lee's surrender at Appomattox occurred three days later. A portion of the landmarked battlefield area is included in Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park.

Hillsman House, at Sayler's Creek Battlefield, 1936 photo before house was restored

The battle was composed of three separate engagements, which may be termed the Battle of Hillsman's Farm, the Battle of Marshall's Cross Roads (or Battle of Harper's Farm), and the Battle of Lockett's Farm (or Battle of Double Bridges).[1] The Hillsman house served as a hospital for both Confederate and Union troops. Bloodstains still remain on the floor from when it served as a hospital after the battles.[5][6] The Lockett house is in its original state. The Christian house is also there.[1][4]

Areas in the NHL site include four portions of 800 acres (3.2 km2), 215 acres (0.87 km2), 5 acres (20,000 m2), and 0.6 acres (2,400 m2). These are indicated on topographical maps included in the Virginia DHR provided version of the NRHP documents.[7] Only 321 acres (1.30 km2) are covered by the current state park.

It is located on Virginia Routes 617, 618, and 619 in Farmville and Burkeville, in Amelia and Prince Edward counties in Virginia. From 1865 to the area's nomination for the National Register in 1984, the area saw little development, and remained much as it was during the battles. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1985.[1]

Costumed interpreters station the park throughout the year. Living history performers are active in the park during the anniversary of the battle every April.[8]

The land was originally named in the 18th century for a farmer named Saylor. During the Civil War, the name was changed to Sayler. Some official records called it Sailor, which is what the Commonwealth of Virginia uses in its name for the related park.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Christopher M. Calkins (June, 1984). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Sayler's Creek Battlefield PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  (includes 6 maps describing the battle) and Accompanying four photos, from 1936 PDF (32 KB)
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 05-12-2013. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Sayler's Creek Battlefield". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-23. 
  5. ^ Battle of Sayler's Creek site photos
  6. ^ http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/VA-news/VA-Pilot/issues/1995/vp951008/10060064.htm
  7. ^ Christopher M. Calkins (June, 1984). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Sayler's Creek Battlefield PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  (includes 6 maps describing the battle, and topographical maps showing the four NHL site areas)
  8. ^ http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/state_parks/documents/vspguide.pdf pg.9
  9. ^ WS_FTP\csn\saylor,creek

External links[edit]