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Sayyid (pronounced [ˈsæjjɪd], or [ˈsæjjed], Arabic: سيد; meaning Mister) (plural Sadah Arabic: سادة, Sādah) is an honorific title, it denotes males accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husain ibn Ali, sons of the prophet's daughter Fatima Zahra and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib.
Daughters of sayyids are given the titles Sayyida, Alawiyah, or Sharifa. Children of a Sayyida mother but a non-Sayyid father cannot be attributed the title of Sayyid. However, they may claim the title Mirza for males or Mirziya for females, or they will claim the title Amir or Mir for males.
In the Arab world, it is the equivalent of the English word "liege-lord" or "master" when referring to a descendant of Muhammad, as in Sayyid John Smith.  This is the reason the word sidi (from the contracted form sayyidī, 'my liege') is used in the Arabic.
In the early period, the Arabs used the term Sayyid and Sharif to denote descendants from both Hassan and Husayn. However in the modern era, the term 'Sharif' has been used to denote descendants from Hassan and the term 'Sayyid' has been used to denote descendants from Husayn.
- 1 Indication of descent
- 2 Sayyids in Arab World
- 3 Sayyids in Iran
- 4 Sayyids in South Asia
- 5 In South East Asia
- 6 Notable Sayyids
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Indication of descent
The Sayyids are by definition a branch of the tribe of Banu Hashim, a clan from the tribe of Quraish that traces its lineage to Adnan and thence to the Prophet Ismael the son of the Prophet Ibrahim. Sayyids often include the following titles in their names to indicate the figure from whom they trace their descent.
|Ancestor||Arabic style||Arabic Last Name||Persian Last Name||Urdu Last Name|
|Hasan ibn Ali||al-Hashimi or al-Hassani الحسني او الهاشمي||al-Hashimi or al-Hassani الحسني او الهاشمي||Hashemi, Hassani, or Tabatabai حسنى||Hassani or Hasani حسنی or Hashemi or Hashmi هاشمي|
|Husayn ibn Ali||al-Hussaini الحُسيني||al-Hussaini1 الحُسيني||Husseini حسینى||Hussaini or Husaini حسینی|
|Ali ibn Husayn||al-Abidi العابدي||al-Abidi العابدي||Abedi عابدى||Abidi or Abdi عابدی|
|Idris ibn Abdullah||al-Idrisi الإدريسي||al-Idrisi الإدريسي||His descendants are mostly from the Maghreb||Same as before|
|Zayd ibn Ali||az-Zaidi الزيدي||al-Zaidi الزيدي||Zaidi زیدی||Zaidi زیدی|
|Muhammad al-Baqir||al-Baqiri الباقري||al-Baqiri الباقري||Baqeri باقرى||Baqri باقری|
|Jafar as-Sadiq||al-Ja'fari الجعفري||al-Ja'fari الجعفري||Jafari[disambiguation needed] جعفرى||Jafri, Jafry or Jaffery جعفری|
|Musa al-Kadhim||al-Mousawi الموسوي او الكاظمي||al-Mousawi or al-Kadhimi الموسوي او الكاظمي||Moosavi or Kazemi موسوى / کاظمى||Kazmi کاظمی|
|Ali ar-Rida||ar-Radawi الرضوي||al-Ridawi or al-Radawi الرضوي||Razavi or Rezavi رضوى||Rizvi or Rizavi رضوی|
|Muhammad at-Taqi||at-Taqawi التقوي||al-Taqawi التقوي||Taqawi تقوى||Taqvi تقوی|
|Ali al-Hadi||an-Naqawi التقوي||al-Naqawi التقوي||Naqawi نقوى||Naqvi نقوی|
NOTE: (For non-Arabic speakers) When transliterating Arabic words into English there are two approaches.
- 1. The user may transliterate the word letter for letter, e.g. "الزيدي" becomes "a-l-z-ai-d-i".
- 2. The user may transcribe the pronunciation of the word, e.g. "الزيدي" becomes "a-zz-ai-d-i". This is because in Arabic grammar, some consonants (n, r, s, sh, t and z) cancel the l (ل) from the word "the" al (ال) (see Sun and moon letters). When the user sees the prefixes an, ar, as, ash, at, az, etc... this means the word is the transcription of the pronunciation.
- An i, wi (Arabic), or vi (Persian) ending could perhaps be translated by the English suffixes ite or ian. The suffix transforms a personal name, or a place name, into the name of a group of people connected by lineage or place of birth. Hence Ahmad al-Hassani could be translated as Ahmad, the descendant of Hassan and Ahmad al-Manami as Ahmad from the city of Manami. For further explanation, see Arabic names.
1Also, El-Husseini, Al-Husseini, Husseini, and Hussaini.
2Those who use the term Sayyid for all descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib regard Allawis or Alavis as Sayyids. However Allawis are not descendants of Muhammad, as they are descended from the children of Ali and the women he married after the death of Fatima Zahra, such as Umm al Baneen/Fatima bint Hizam. Those who limit the term Sayyid to descendants of Muhammad through Fatima Zahra, will not consider Allawis/Alavis to be Sayyids.
3This transliteration is usually reserved for the Alawi sect.
Sayyids in Arab World
In Arab world Sayyid families (descendant of Prophet Muhammad) are predominantly found in Iraq but they can also be found in Syria and Lebanon and in Egypt, Libya, Qatar, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Palestine, etc.
Sayyids in Iraq
Some of the Sayyid families in Iraq are the Al-Hashimi, Al-Obaidi, Al-Yasiri, Al-Zaidi, Al-A'araji, Al-Hassani, Al-Hussaini, Tabatabaei, Al-Alawi, Al-Ghawalib (Al-Ghalibi), Al-Musawi, Al-Awadi (not to be confused with the Al-Awadhi Huwala family), Al-Sabzewari, Al-Hayali and others.
Sayyids in Yemen
In Yemen the sayyids are more generally known as sadah, and also referred to as Hashemites. In terms of relegious practice they are Shia, Sunni and Sufi. Sayyid families in Yemen include the Rassids, the Qasimids, the Mutawakkilites, the Hamideddins, Al-Zaidi of Ma'rib, Sana'a and Sa'dah, the Ba'Alawi sadah and Al-Saqqaf in Hadramauwt, Al-Wazir of Sana'a, Al-Shammam of Sa'dah and others.
Sayyids in Libya
Sayyids in Iran
Sayyid are found in vast numbers in Iran. Majority of Sayyids migrated predominantly in the 15th to 17th century from Arab lands during the Safavid Era. The Safavids began transforming the religious landscape of Iran by imposing Twelver Shiism on the populace. Since most of the population embraced Sunni Islam and since an educated version of Shiism was scarce in Iran at the time, Ismail imported a new Shia Ulema corps of whom predominantly were Sayyids were from traditional Shiite centers of the Arabic speaking lands, such as Jabal Amil (of Southern Lebanon), Bahrain and Southern Iraq in order to create a state clergy. The Safavids offered them land and money in return for loyalty. These scholars taught the doctrine of Twelver Shiism and made it accessible to the population and energetically encouraged conversion to Shiism.
Abbas I of Persia, during his reign, also imported more Arab Shias which included predominantly Sayyids to Iran, built religious institutions for them, including many Madrasahs (religious schools) and successfully persuaded them to participate in the government, which they had shunned in the past (following the Hidden imam doctrine).
Sayyids in South Asia
Millions of people in South Asia claim Hashemite descent. In 1901 the total number of Sayyids in British India was 1,339,734. Recent estimates show that in South Asia there are more than fifteen million Sayyids; seven million in India, six to seven million in Pakistan, little over one million in Bangladesh and around seventy thousand in Nepal.
Sayyid migrated many centuries ago from different parts of the Arab world, Iran, Central Asia and Turkestan, during the invasion of Mongols and other periods of turmoil during the periods of Mahmud Ghaznavi, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals and until the late 19th century. Sayyids migrated to Sindh in North and settled there very early, other early migrant Sayyids moved deep South to the region of Deccan plateau in the time of the Bahmani Sultanate and later Qutb Shahi kings of Golconda, Nizam Shahi of Ahmadnagar and other kingdoms of Bijapur, Bidar and Berar. Several visited India as merchants or escaped from Abbasid, Umayyad and Ottoman empires. Their name figures in Indian history at the breakup of the Mughal empire, when the Sayyid Brothers created and dethroned Emperors at their will (1714–1720). The first Mohammedans appointed to the Council of India and the first appointed to the Privy Council were both Sayyids.
The Sayyid population in India is distributed. The total population of Sayyids in India is 7,017,000, the largest populations being those of Uttar Pradesh (1,493,000), Maharashtra (1,108,000), Karnataka (766,000), Andhra Pradesh (727,000), Rajasthan (497,000), Bihar (419,000), West Bengal (372,000), Madhya Pradesh (307,000), Gujarat (245,000), and Tamil Nadu (206,000). Sayyids are also found in the North-Eastern state of Assam, where locally they are also referred to as Dawans.
Sayyids in North India
The earliest migration of Saiyeds from Iran to North India took place in 1032 AD when Saiyed Salaar Dawood Ghazi (General and brother-in-law of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi) and his son Saiyed Salaar Masud Ghazi esatablised their military headquarter at Satrikh (16 km from Zaidpur) in district Barabanki, U.P. They are considered to be first Muslim settlers in north India. In 1033 AD Saiyed Salaar Masud Ghazi martyred in the historic battle of Gonda, his famous Mazaar is at Bahraich. Saiyed Salaar Masud Ghazi had no son and daughter. In 462 Hijri/1070 AD Saiyed Abdullah ‘Zar-baqsh’ migrated from the city of Qom in medieval Persia to the place which is now known as Zaidpur in district Barabanki, U.P. He was a Rizvi/Taqvi Saiyed and 14th in descent from Mohammad Nabi(SA). Saiyed Abdullah ‘Zar-baqsh’ married Bibi Yadgaar Bano the daughter of Saiyed Salaar Dawood Ghazi of Satrikh. Saiyed Abdullah Zar-Baksh established the town Zaidpur and named the place after his only son Saiyed Zaid (born 462 Hijri/1070 AD).
Sayyids from Iran initially chose four places to settle in North India. These were Hallaur, Baraha, Mohan and Bilgram. Sa'daat of Barha, Bilgram and Amroha are few of the wellknown groups of Sayyids around the world.
The ancestor of Bārha Sayyids, Syed Abu'l Farah left his original home in Wasit, Iraq, with his twelve sons at the end of tirteenth century (or in the biginning of fourteenth century) and migrated to India, where he obtained four villages in Sirhind, By the sixteenth century Abu'l Farah's descendants had taken over Bārha villages in Muzzafarnagar.
Sayyids of Mohan descend from one of the descendants of the Imam Raza, Sayyid Mahmood Neshapuri who migrated to India from Iran and settled in Mohan. One of the branch of Moosavi and Nishapuri Sayyids from Mohan settled at Bijnor, near Lucknow.
Sayyids of Bilgram are Hussaini Sayyids, they first migrated from Wasit, Iraq in the thirteenth century. Their ancestor, Syed Mohammad Sughra, a Zaidi Sayyid of Iraq arrived in India during the rule of Sultan Iltutmish. In 1217-18 the family conquered and settled in Bilgram.
The sayyids of Kichaucha Sharif trace their ancestry to the illustrious saint Ashraf Jahangir Semnani who came from Iran and settled at Kichaucha Sharif, Dist. AmbedkarNagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.
In addition, many of the early Sufi saints that came to North India belonged to Sayyid families. Most of these Sayyid families came from Central Asia and Iran, but some also originate from Yemen, Oman, Iraq and Bahrain. Perhaps the most famous Sufi was Syed Salar Masud, from whom many of the Sayyid families of Awadh claim their descent. Sayyids of Salon (Raebareli), Jarwal(Bahraich), Kintoor (Barabanki) and Zaidpur (Barabanki) were wellknown Taluqadars (feudal lords) of Awadh province.
Sayyids in Gujarat
In Gujarat, most of the Sayyid families are descended from individuals invited by the Muslim rulers of Gujarat, as advisor and administrators, and granted jagirs. During the period of Sultan Mahamud Beghada (1458 -1511 ) the Sayyid of Gothada, Thasra & Pali a Zaidi Sayyid -Saadat-e-Bara In Thasra Sayyid Mustufa (R.A) ( 500 Bigha Jagiri Sanad), In Gothada Near Savli -Sayyid Alaad ( Allauddin -R.A ) -500 Bigha Jagiri Sanad & Pali Sayyid Nateeb (R.A)500 Bigha Jagiri Sanad, Sultan Mahamud Beghada provided land to three Sayyid brothers and grant to settle there after victory of Pavagadh fort In 1484 The young Sultan, after laying siege for 20 months, conquered the fort on 21 November 1484. He then transferred his capital to Champaner which he completely rebuilt at the foothills of the Pavagadh fort, calling it Muhammadabad. & Mughal rule in Gujarat (1570–1750), they held the majority of the civil and ecclesiastical posts. For example the Sayyids of Thasra, Kheda district were invited as administrators and judges by Emperor Aurangzeb and provided land grants to settle there. They also provided an important element in the Mughal army, and many are still found in the old Muslim garrison towns such as Ahmedabad. In addition, many of the early Sufi saints that came to Gujarat belonged to Sayyid families. Most of these Sayyid families came from Central Asia and Iran, but many of those found in the coastal towns of Khambhat and Surat originate from Yemen, Oman, Basra and Bahrain.
In Gujarat, the Sayyid have ten sub-divisions, the main ones being the Shirazi, Mattari, Bukhari, Naqvi, Tirmizi, Zaidi, Rifai, Bhaktari, Qadiris, Chishti, mahdavi, Kitoi, Mashadi, Idrusi, and Bahraini. Of these, the Bukhari Sayyids are perhaps the most well known. Their forebear, Syed Burhanuddin Qutb-Alam was the patron saint of Sultan Muzaffar Shah, the first Muslim Sultan of Gujarat. Even more well known was his son Shah Alam, who flourished during the reigns of Qutibudin Shah and Mahmud Begada. It played an important in the medieval and early modern history of Gujarat, and now divided into several branches. Other prominent Sayyids include the Mahdavi family. They are now found mainly in Palanpur and Dabhoi, and claim descent form Syed Muhammad Jaunpuri, the founder of the sect and his son in law Syed Khundmir. They are the hereditary pirs of the Tai community. And finally, the family of the Nizari Ismaili pirs is perhaps the most influential of the Gujarat Sayyid. They are distributed all over Gujarat, and descend from Imam Shah, a famous medieval Ismaili missionary. The Dais (heads) of the Taiyabi (Mustali/ Ismaili), mainly known in Gujarat as the Dawoodi Bohra, are also Sayyids.
Other communities include the Bahrain Sayyid, whose ancestors arrived from Bahrain during the rule of Sultan Mahmud Begada, the Matari Syeds who arrived from the village of Mattar in Sindh during the period of Mughal rule. The ancestors of the Khodari Syeds were invited by the Nawabs of Junagadh, while those of the Bukhari Sayyids arrived from Central Asia at the invitation of Sultan Ahmed Shah. The community now speak both Gujarati and Urdu, and are concentrated in Kutch, Gandhinagar, Baroda, and Bhavnagar, with two thirds of the Sayyid found in Village Gothada, Near Savli Baroda The Sayyid of Gothada are Zaidi Sayyid - Saadat-e-Bara and other are Bukhari & Qadiri Sayyid also settle there .
Sayyids in Kerala
Kerala has its two thousand year old association with Arabia. In Malayalam Thangal is an honorific Muslim title almost equivalent to the Arabic term Sayyid which is given to males believed as descendants of Prophet Muhammad. The present day Thangals are supposed to be descended from Sayyid families, who migrated from the historic city of Tarim, in Hadramawt Province, Yemen, during the 17th century in order to propagate Islam on the Malabar Coast. Sayyids selected coastal areas to settle. The royal family of Arakkal in Kerala had Thangal origins.
There are numerous number of Sayyids (descendants of Muhammad) in Pakistan. Some of these Sayyids first migrated to Bukhara and then to the South Asia. Others reportedly settled in Sindh to protect their lives against the atrocities of the Omayya and Abbasi caliphs of Arabia. The Sayyid people of Pakistan are figured as the most prominent and well-established people of the country, with a number of them having become popular and well-known religious icons, political leaders and professionals.
Sayyids in Punjab
The Sayyids of Punjab belong to Hasani (descendant of Imam Hasan), Husaini (descendant of Imam Husain), Alavi (descendants from other sons of Imam Ali) and Zaidi (descendant of Zaid Shaheed, grandson of Imam Husain) groups of sa'dat and also Rizvi, descendants of Imam Ali Raza Ibn Musa and Naqvi( Imam al Hadi). 
Important Sayyid communities
|This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Copyediting & shortening required. (December 2013)|
Important Sayyid communities in South Asia include:
These Sayyids are the descendants of the famous saint Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani who himself was a descendant of Iman Husain.
- Sadaat Nasirabad
One of the earliest settlements of Naqvi's is reported from Nasirabad, Raibareli in North India. Naqvi Sadats migrated from SUBZWAR (IRAN) & arrived in Nasirabad around 410 Hijri (around 1027 A.D.) and settled there. After some time adjacent Patakpur (Nasirabad), was also inhabited by Momineens and rechristened as Nasirabad after the name of Syed Naseerudin. Nasirabad is the earliest known Naqvi Sadats of India. Naseerabad is the native land of Khandan e Ijtihad and multitude of very high ranking scholars have come from there. The 1st Mujtahid from India, Ayatullah il Uzma Sayyid Dildar Ali Naqvi Naseerabadi 'Gufraanmaab (ar)' was from here and later his family came to be called "Khandan e Ijtihad" due to the heavy presence of high-ranking scholars. Some famous and known religious scholars from this lineage include Syedul Ulema Ayatullah Syed Ali Naqi Naqvi 'Naqqan', Jannat Ma'ab Ayatullah Syed Mohammad Naqvi, Ayatullah Aqa Hasan Sb, Ayatullah Syed Kalbe Hussain Naqvi, Hujjatul Islam Syed Kalbe Abid Naqvi, Hujjatul Islam Syed Kalbe Jawwad Naqvi, Hujjatul Islam Syed Hasan Zafar Naqvi(based in Karachi), Allama Syed Razi Jafar, Allama Nasir Ijtehadi, Dr Kalbe Sadiq, Hujjatul Islam Syed Ali Mohammad Naqvi.
The Sadaat Amroha or Amrohi Syed are a community of Sayyids, historically settled in the town of Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India. Many members of Sadaat Amroha community have migrated to Pakistan after independence have settled in Karachi, Sindh.
The Sadaat Bukhari of pargana Chail are Naqvi Syeds and being descended from syed Hussam aldin Bukhari ibn Sadruddin Rajju Qattal(brother of Hadrat Jahania Jhangasht) ibn Syed Ahmed Kabir ibn Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari (RA).
Sadat-e-Bara (Urdu: ہسادات بار), sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Barha, are a community of Sayyids, originally from a group of twelve villages situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India. This community had considerable influence during the latter days of the Mughal Empire. They were also found in Karnal District and Haryana in India. Many members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.
Zaidi Sayyed migrated from Jansath to eastern part of Uttar Pradesh namely Sikanderpur,Kandipur in Ambedkar Nagar district. These Sayyeds are descendants of Abul Farah Wasti who came to India from Wasit (Iraq) in the late 13th century along with his four sons.
Gardēzī Sadaat (Persian: گردیز سادة) is a Sadaat Muslim family of Sayyid from Gardez (Afghanistan); consequently known as ‘Gardēzī Sadaat’ in South Asia.
Kintoor or Kintur is a village distant 10 miles north-east of Badosarai in Barabanki district famous for battle of Kintoor of 1858 during Indian Mutiny
- Sayyids of Hallaur
Hallaur or Hallor (Urdu, Persian and Arabic: هلور, Hindi: हल्लौर, Bhojpuri: हलूर) is a town or a big village in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, situated near the banks of Rapti river. Residents of Hallaur are referred as Hallauri
- Sayyids of Wasa Dargah
Wasa Dargah is a village in east part of Uttar Paradesh,Situated 12 Kilometers from Domariaganj.
Genetic studies of Sayyids of the Sub-continent
A study of "Y chromosomes of self-identified Syeds from the Indian subcontinent" by Elise M. S. Belle, Saima Shah, Tudor Parfitt & Mark G. Thomas showed that "self-identified Syeds had no less genetic diversity than those non-Syeds from the same regions, suggesting that there is no biological basis to the belief that self-identified Syeds in this part of the world share a recent common ancestry. However, self-identified men belonging to the ‘Islamic honorific lineages’(Syeds, Hashemites, Quraysh and Ansari) show a greater genetic affinity to Arab populations—despite the geographic distance—than do their neighbouring populations from India and Pakistan.
In Northern India, 29% of the Shia Muslim belong to Haplogroup J. 18% belong mostly to Haplogroup J2 and another 11% belong to Haplogroup J1, which both represent Middle Eastern lineages, which are not commonly found among Indian populations.
At current, the genetic marker Haplogroup J1c3d is strong contender for being the genetic signatures of the Sayyids, due to the haplogroup being predominantly found among people with the Cohen Modal Haplotype (CMH), who are people with patrilineal Jewish priestly caste known as Kohanim, which is pasted down maternally from father to son. They trace their ancestry to Aaron, the brother of Moses and from there their ancestry goes all the way to Patriarch Abraham and this haplogroup genetic marker is also predominantly found among two related people, the Hashemites and people with Adnani Arab descent who trace their ancestry to Patriarch Abraham through his son Ismael. The Prophet Muhammad belonged to these peoples, of whom Sayyids trace their ancestry to. At current research is going on this topic at Family Tree DNA.
In South East Asia
- Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani- currently the pre-eminent marja of Shia Muslims around the world and arguably the most influential political figure in Iraq today
- Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah - foremost marja of Lebanese Shi'a Muslims
- Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini- marja, philosopher and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution.
- Grand Ayatollah Muhsin al-Hakim - Shi'a marja in the early 1960s.
- Grand Ayatollah Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei - Shi'a marja.
- Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr - Shi'a marja.
- Agha Hasan Abidi (1922–1995), Pakistani banker and founder of Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI)
- Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei Current Supreme leader of Iran
- Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi former union minister of India
- Ibrahim al-Jaafari - former Prime Minister of Iraq
- Nayyar Hussain Bukhari Chairman of Senate of Pakistan
- Mohammad Khatami - reformist Iranian politician and former President of Iran
- Syed Ali Haider Nazam Tabatabai - He translated Thomas Gray's Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard from poem to poem in Urdu. He was head of Translation Department of Usmania University, could speak write and understand English, German, French, Persian and Arabic.
- Mohammad Kazem Shariatmadari was an Iranian Grand Ayatollah of Iranian Azerbaijani origin
- Ali Naqi Zaidi (Safi Lakhnavi), Urdu poet
- Jaffer Zaidi, founder of music band Kaavish
- Mustafa Zaidi, Urdu poet of Pakistan
- Ijlal Haider Zaidi, retired member of the Civil Service of Pakistan (CSP)
- Nayyar Ali Zaidi, Pakistani architect
- Maqbool Hussain Zaidi, founder of Imambargah Colonel Maqbool Hussain
- Bashir Hussain Zaidi, member of the first Lok Sabha and Vice Chancellor of AMU
- Naveed Zaidi, British Pakistani scientist who developed the world's first workable plastic magnet at room temperature
- Mir-Hossein Mousavi, is an Iranian reformist politician, artist and architect who served as the seventy-ninth and last Prime Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1989. He was a reformist candidate for the 2009 presidential election and eventually the leader of the opposition in the post-election unrest.
- Mehdi Hosseini, Persian composer
- Irfan Abidi (1950–1998), was a noted Pakistani scholar, religious leader, public speaker and poet
- Asad Abidi, is a Pakistani American electrical engineer, who was the first dean of Lahore University of Management Sciences's School of Science and Engineering and studied at the University of California, Berkeley
- Azhar Abidi (born 1968), is a Pakistani Australian author and translator
- Khawar Rizvi, was a prominent poet of Urdu and Persian
- Khurshid Rizvi, Pakistani scholar, poet, linguist and historian of Arabic languages and literature
- Majida Rizvi, is the first woman judge of a High Court in Pakistan
- Muhammad Rizvi, is a Twelver Shī‘ah scholar, a speaker, as well as an author
- Behzad Rizvi, is an Iranian professor and researcher of electrical and electronic engineer
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- Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, was a pioneer of the Pakistani film industry
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- Mohammad-Taqi Ja'fari (1923-1998), Iranian scholar, thinker, and theologian
- Ali Jafari, Iranian computer scientist
- Davoud Danesh-Jafari (born 1954), Minister of Economy and Finance Affairs of Iran
- Mohammad Ali Jafari (born 1957), commander of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution in Iran
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