Abdullah ibn Shaykh al-Aydarus

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ʿAbdullāh ibn Shaykh al-ʿAydarūs (Arabic: عبد الله بن شيج العيدروس‎, died 1609) was a Hadhrami religious leader who lived in the 16th century[1] and a descendent of Abu Bakr al-ʿAydarūs, a prominent saint who started the al-ʿAydarūs branch of the Bā ʿAlawiyyah clan.[2][3][4][5][6]

Abdullah was among the earliest Hadhrami Arab settlers in Aceh, and, like many of his kinsmen who came after, he served as the Naqib "religious leader" of Aceh.[7][8] Sultan Alauddin Mansur Syah of the Aceh Sultanate (reigned 1577–1585) persuaded ʿAbdullah to marry his daughter, and his son Zayn al-ʿAbidin was born out of this union.[9][10] In his later years, he led his life in a local village, Kampung Pasir Putih, where he died of old age.[11]

ʿAbdullāh's son Zayn al-ʿAbidin also became a religious leader and migrated to Johor, where he married Tun Kaishi, the daughter of Tun Jenal, the Bendahara of Sekudai[12] and took up the Malay name of "Tun Dagang" while staying with the Bendahara's family.[13]

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
Sayyid 'Abdallāh Al-Saqqāf (Al-'Aidarūs)[14] (Arabic: سيد عبد الله السقاف‎) Saiyid ʿAbdullāh al-saqqāf)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sayyid (Sheikh) Abū Bakr Al-'Aidarūs[15](Arabic: سيد أبو بكر العيدروس‎) Saiyid Abū Bakr al-‘aidarūs)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sayyid Abdallāh Al-'Aidarūs[15][16](Arabic: سيد عبد الله العيدروس‎) Saiyid ʿAbdullāh al-‘aidarūs)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sayyid Syekh Al-'Aidarūs[15][16](Arabic: سيد شيج العيدروس‎) Saiyid Šayḫ al-‘aidarūs)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sayyid Abdallāh Al-'Aidarūs[16](Arabic: سيد عبد الله العيدروس‎) Saiyid ʿAbdullāh al-‘aidarūs)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sayyid Zain Al-Abidin Al-'Aidarūs (Arabic: سيد زين العابدين العيدروس‎) Saiyid Zayn al-‘Ābidīn al-‘aidarūs)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bendahara Sri Maharaja[17]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dato Pasir Di'Raja (Sayyid Ja'afar Al-'Aidarūs) (Arabic: سيد جعفر العيدروس‎) Saiyid Ja'far al-‘aidarūs)
 
Tun Habib Abdul Majid (Arabic: تون حبيب عبد المجيد‎) Tūn Ḥabīb ʿAbd al-Majīd)
 
Puteri Bakal
 

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Institusi Bendahara: Permata Melayu yang Hilang: Dinasti Bendahara Johor-Pahang, Othman, pg 24 "...Acheh yang berasal dari keluarga Naqib (ketua golongan Sayyid) di Hadramaut, Yaman, iaitu Sayyid Zainal Abidin bin Sayyid Abdullah Al 'Aidrus ke dalam keluarga Tun Jenal Bendahara Sekudai (putera Tun Seri Lanang) sebagai menantu telah membawa suatu era baru dalam sejarah pemerintahan keluarga bendahara Johor Lama yang merupakan pewaris kepada keluarga bendahara-bendahara Melaka." (The Naqib is one of the religious leaders of a mosque. LAWS OF MALAYSIA, Act 505, pg 12)
  2. ^ Ahlul-bait (keluarga) Rasulullah SAW & Raja-Raja Melayu (2001), pg 192, 195
  3. ^ The Sufi Orders in Islam (1998), pg 73
  4. ^ John Obert Voll, Islam, Continuity and Change in the Modern World: Continuity and Change in the Modern World, pg 72
  5. ^ Azyumardi Azra, The origins of Islamic reformism in Southeast Asia: networks of Malay-Indonesian and Middle Eastern 'Ulamā' in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, pg 57
  6. ^ M. Hasyim Assagaf, Derita putri-putri Nabi: Studi historis Kafa'ah Syarifah, pg 217, 224
  7. ^ The Acehnese VOL. I (1906), pg 155
  8. ^ Nasihat-Nasihat Semasa Kepegawaiannya Kepada Pemerintah Hindia Belanda (1990), pg 1855
  9. ^ Ahlul-bait (keluarga) Rasulullah SAW & Raja-Raja Melayu (2001), pg 197, ...Tun Habib adalah sebenarnya moyang Tun Habib yang bernama Abdullah Al 'Aidrus yang berkahwin dengan puteri Sultan Alauddin Mansur Syah di Acheh. b) Nama Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah III (Raja Mansur) yang tertera pada peringatan...
  10. ^ Malaysia Kita (1991), pg 304
  11. ^ Bendaharas and Temenggungs (1932), pg 58
  12. ^ Ahlul-bait (keluarga) Rasulullah SAW & Raja-Raja Melayu (2001), pg 180-1
  13. ^ Ahlul-bait (keluarga) Rasulullah SAW & Raja-Raja Melayu (2001), pg 192 ...bernama Sayyid Abdullah Al-Aidrus dan terbukti pernah datang ke Acheh sebelum kembali ke tempat asalnya di Hadramaut. Jika dikaji pula pada sejarah kesultanan Acheh, tarikh kelahiran Sayyid Zainal Abidin cocok pada zaman pemerintahan Sultan Acheh yang bernama Sultan...
  14. ^ Sufis and Scholars of the Sea: Family Networks in East Africa, 1860-1925 (2003), pg 21 ...by the revered saint 'Abd Allah b. Abi Bakr b. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Saqqaf known as al-'Aydarus (d. 1461). ...
  15. ^ a b c Derita Putri-putri Nabi: Studi historis Kafa'ah Syarifah (2000), pg 217 ...naqib terkenal; Ahmad bin 'Alawi Bajahdab (w. 973 H./1564 M.), naqib; 'Abdullah bin Syekh bin Abu Bakar Al-Aidrus (w. 1019 H./1609 M.), naqib; Zain Al-'Abidin bin Syekh bin Abu Bakar Al-Aidrus (w. 1041 H./1630 M.), naqib. ...; pg 224 ...menandatanganinya, seluruhnya todak kurang dari 50 orang.113 (new para) Di antara Naqib Al-Nuqaba' (Naqib Kepala) yang terkenal adalah Al-Aidrus Al-Akbar (w. 1460), Ahmad bin 'Alawi Bajahdab (w. 1565), 'Abdullah bin Syekh bin Abu Bakar Al- 'Aidrus (w. 1609) kemudian putranya, Zain Al-'Abidin bin 'Abdullah (w. 1631). Pada paruh kedua abad ke-19 timbul masalah pengangkatan Naqib Al-Nuqabi' secara musyawarah dan mufakat. ...
  16. ^ a b c Ahlul-bait (keluarga) Rasulullah SAW & Raja-Raja Melayu (2001), pg 194
  17. ^ Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (1932), pg 58 The Muar genealogy says that a Sayid Idrus came from the Hadhramaut to Acheh, where he settled at Kampong Pasir. His son, Zainal-Abidin went to Johore and married...who bore a son Maharaja Sri...

References[edit]

  • Ahlul-bait (keluarga) Rasulullah SAW & Raja-Raja Melayu, by Muzaffar Dato' Hj Mohamad, Tun Suzana Tun Haji Othman, published by Al-Wasilah Enterprise, 2001, ISBN 983-40566-1-3
  • Bendaharas and Temenggungs, Journal of Malayan Branch of Royal Asiatic Society, Vol X part I, 1932, Richard Olaf Winstedt
  • Derita Putri-putri Nabi: Studi historis Kafa'ah Syarifah, by M. Hasyim Assagaf, published by Remaja Rosdakarya, 2000, ISBN 979-692-004-2
  • Institusi Bendahara: Permata Melayu yang Hilang: Dinasti Bendahara Johor-Pahang, by Suzana Tun Hj. Othman, published by Pustaka BSM Enterprise, 2002, ISBN 983-40566-6-4
  • Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, by Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland Malaysian Branch, Singapore, 1932
  • Nasihat-Nasihat Semasa Kepegawaiannya Kepada Pemerintah Hindia Belanda, 1889–1936, by Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, E. Gobée, C. Adriaanse, published by INIS, 1990, ISBN 979-8116-05-4
  • Malaysia Kita, by Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara (Malaysia), published by Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara, 1991, ISBN 967-9933-12-1
  • Sufis and Scholars of the Sea: Family Networks in East Africa, 1860-1925, Anne K. Bang, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 0-415-31763-0
  • The Acehnese Vol. I, by Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, published by E.J. Brill, 1906
  • The Sufi Orders in Islam, by J. Spencer Trimingham, John O. Voll, published by Oxford University Press, 1998 ISBN 0-19-512058-2