Cutlassfish

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Scabbard fish)
Jump to: navigation, search
Trichiuridae
Drawing of Lepidopus caudatus from The Royal Natural History (1896).jpg
Silver scabbardfish, Lepidopus caudatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Trichiuridae
Rafinesque, 1810
Genera

Aphanopus
Assurger
Benthodesmus
Demissolinea
Eupleurogrammus
Evoxymetopon
Lepidopus
Lepturacanthus
Tentoriceps
Trichiurus
See text for species.

The cutlassfishes are about 40 species of predatory fish in the family Trichiuridae (order Perciformes) found in seas throughout the world. Fish of this family are long, slender, and generally steely blue or silver in colour, giving rise to their name. They have reduced or absent pelvic and caudal fins, giving them an eel-like appearance, and large fang-like teeth.[1]

Some of the species are known as scabbardfishes or hairtails; others are called frostfishes because they appear in late autumn and early winter, around the time of the first frosts.

Classification[edit]

This list of species follows FishBase:[2]

Timeline of genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-12-547665-5. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Trichiuridae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  3. ^ Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki (2006). "A new species of scabbardfish, Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus (Scombroidei: Trichiuridae), from Okinawa, Japan". Ichthyological Research 53 (2): 137ff. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0319-x. 
  4. ^ Anirban Chakraborty, Andi Iqbal Burhanuddin and Yukio Iwatsuki (2005). "A new species, Trichiurus australis (Perciformes: Trichiuridae), from Australia". Ichthyological Research 52 (2): 165–170. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0268-4. 

External links[edit]