A scabino (pl. scabini) is an Italian word referring to a type of civic office. The word scabino is not used in English. The closest English terms are alderman or magistrate, but this term does not really have an English equivalent. This article refers only to the office in Italy and elsewhere in Continental Europe. This Italian term is related to the terms used in other European languages, including Schöffe (pl. Schöffen) in German, schepen (pl. schepenen) in Dutch, échevin (pl. échevins) in French (in Belgium and Luxembourg) and šepmistr (pl. šepmistři) in Czech.