Scaffold web spider

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Scaffold web spiders
Male Nesticus sp. (Marshal Hedin).jpg
male Nesticus sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Araneoidea
Family: Nesticidae
Simon, 1894
Genera

Nesticus
Eidmannella
Carpathonesticus

Diversity
9 genera, 204 species
Distribution.nesticidae.1.png

The scaffold web spiders of the family Nesticidae, are closely allied with the Theridiidae, or tangle web spiders. Like the Theridiidae these spiders have a comb of serrated bristles on the hind tarsi that are used to pull silk bands from the spinnerets. It contains nine genera and a little over 200 species, many of which are associated with caves or overhangs. The genus Nesticus is the type for the family and is found throughout the world. The related Eidmannella has speciated considerably in Texas caves and includes some extremely localized species that are considered threatened. One species, Eidmannella pallida, is found in caves and under overhangs, but also in agricultural fields and other habitats away from such restricted areas. The genus Carpathonesticus is found in central Eurasia.

Genera[edit]

  • Elucus Petrunkevitch, 1942 †

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hedin, M. & Dellinger, B. (2005). Descriptions of a new species and previously unknown males of Nesticus (Araneae: Nesticidae) from caves in Eastern North America, with comments on species rarity. Zootaxa 904: 1-19 PDF

External links[edit]