Scaled agile framework

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The Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) is a software development methodology knowledge base created by Dean Leffingwell for implementing agile practices at enterprise scale. Presented in a structured, interactive, publicly facing web format, its primary user interface is a “Agile Enterprise Big Picture” graphic which highlights the individual roles, teams, activities and artifacts necessary to scale agile from the team, to teams of teams, to the enterprise level.


Our modern world runs on software. In order to keep pace, we build increasingly complex and sophisticated software systems. Doing so requires larger teams and continuously rethinking the methods and practices – part art, science, engineering, mathematics, social science – that we use to organize and manage these important activities. The Scaled Agile Framework is an interactive knowledge base for implementing agile practices at enterprise scale. The Scaled Agile Framework represents one such set of advances.

The Big Picture Describes Three Levels of Scale[edit]

Team, Program and Portfolio. Each of these scales the essential agile elements of Value (requirements, user stories, backlogs) Teams (from development team through portfolio management) and Timebox (iteration, PSI, budget cycle).

Criticism of the Scaled Agile Framework[edit]

  • The framework itself does not describe the significant organizational change management, cultural impacts, implementation strategies, and training and services provisioning that are typically required for successful implementation.
  • It has also been criticized for providing a process that is tailorable but fundamentally still pre-defined, while agility is about adapting to change and letting processes emerge.

Tools That Support The Framework[edit]

  • AgileCraft
  • Rally
  • Version One
  • codeBeamer

See Also[edit]

Agile software development

Lean software development

Further reading[edit]

Leffingwell, Dean (2011). Agile Software Requirements, Lean Requirements Practices for Teams, Programs, and the Enterprise, Addison-Wesley Professional, ISBN 978-0321635846.

Leffingwell, Dean (2007). Scaling Software Agility, Best Practices for Large Enterprises, Addison-Wesley Professional, ISBN 978-0321458193.

Betcher, Robert (2013). SAFe Right, A Scaled Agile Framework Implementation Guide for Enterprise Environments