Scalloped Hazel

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Scalloped Hazel
Odontopera bidentata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Geometridae
Genus: Odontopera
Species: O. bidentata
Binomial name
Odontopera bidentata
(Clerck, 1759)
Synonyms
  • Phalaena bidentata Clerck, 1759
  • Gonodontis oreas Herbulot, 1963

The Scalloped Hazel (Odontopera bidentata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is a common species of northern and central Europe including the British Isles and Russia to the Urals. it is also widespread through Siberia and the Amur-Ussuri region to the Kuril Islands and Japan.

Caterpillar
Odontopera bidentata2.jpg
Odontopera bidentata1.jpg

Distribution[edit]

Description[edit]

The wingspan is 46–50 mm.The forewing ground colour is usually grey-brown. The same coloured midfield is bordered by blackish crossbars that are often partly white. At the wing edge below the apex are two characteristic, protruding teeth. The scientific name of the species is derived from the Latin language bi = "twice" and dentatus= "toothed".The outer dark cross line of the forewings continues on the hindwings. All wings have a ring-shaped dark discal spots. The thorax is hairy..This is a very variable species with the wing colour ranging from whitish through buff and brown to black, sometimes with variegation, but it is always easily identifiable by the white discal spot on each wing and the characteristic "ragged" margin of the wings.

The adults fly at night in May and June[1] and are attracted to light.

The caterpillar is green or brown and very twig-like and feeds on a variety of plants (see list below). The species overwinters as a pupa.

Biology[edit]

  1. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range.

Habitats include deciduous and mixed woodland, bog forests and parklands.

Recorded food plants[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Odontopera bidentata bidentata (Clerck, 1759) (Europe
  • Odontopera bidentata exsul Tschetverikov,1904 (eastern Asia)
  • Odontopera bidentata kurilana Bryk, 1942 (the Kuriles)

References[edit]

  • Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 (Reprinted 1991)
  • Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984

External links[edit]