Scammell Pioneer

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Scammell Pioneer R100
8inchHowitzerTowedByScammellPioneer12Jan1940.jpg
A British Army Scammell Pioneer towing an 8-inch howitzer of 1st Heavy Regiment, near Calais (12 January 1940)
Type Tractor, Heavy Artillery
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Specifications
Weight 18760 pounds (8.4 tons)
Length 20 feet 7 inches
Width 8 feet 6 inches
Height 9 feet 9 inches
Crew 1 + 9

Armour none
Engine Gardner 6-cylinder diesel
102 bhp
Suspension Wheel, 6 x 4

The Scammell Pioneer R100 was a British vehicle that was used in the Second World War. The basic vehicle was used as an artillery tractor for heavier pieces such as the 7.2 inch howitzer. This had an 8-ton winch and an overhead runway with a 10-cwt hoist. Early war use included towing the six inch 26cwt howitzer until the AEC Matador gun tractor was issued in sufficient numbers. Precedental images can be seen in "First Victory" by George Forty.

Development of the basic vehicle included the Scammell Semi-trailer and the "Tractor Heavy Breakdown 6 x 4 Scammell Pioneer" Model SV1S[1] and SV2S[2] breakdown tractors.

Restored Pioneer SV2S in 2004

Production[edit]

768 units were produced from 1937.

The Pioneer was a popular heavy haulage, forestry and recovery vehicle in civilian service until well into the eighties when more modern and powerful equipment became available.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bart Vanderveen (1989). Historic Military Vehicles Directory.