Scammonden

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Coordinates: 53°38′49″N 1°54′43″W / 53.647°N 1.912°W / 53.647; -1.912

Scammonden
St Bartholomew's Church, Deanhead, Scammonden - geograph.org.uk - 835451.jpg
St Bartholomew's Church, Deanhead, Scammonden
Scammonden is located in West Yorkshire
Scammonden
Scammonden
 Scammonden shown within West Yorkshire
OS grid reference SE045155
Metropolitan borough Kirklees
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HUDDERSFIELD
Postcode district HD3
Dialling code 01422
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Colne Valley
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Scammonden or Dean Head was a village close to Huddersfield, in the Dean Head Valley, England, before the valley was flooded to create Scammonden Reservoir in the 1960s. The M62 motorway crosses the dam wall and then passes through a cutting to the west over which Scammonden Bridge carries a B-road. The Chapel of St Barthelomew still exists, as does the old vicarage, now a boat club.

History[edit]

Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, Scammonden or Dean Head was a township covering more than 2,000 acres. In the 1870s it had a church, a Baptist chapel, a national school, a post office and 190 houses. Industry in the village included cotton-spinning and woollen manufacture and there were freestone quarries.[1]

A motorway and dam across the Dean Head Valley was proposed in the early 1960s and work began in 1964. Most buildings in the village were demolished or submerged in the reservoir when it was filled in 1969.[2] Geologists considered the church and school would become unsafe once the dam was full. The church school closed in 1970 and is now a private residence.[3]

Geography[edit]

Scammonden is surrounded by the moorland of the Pennines east of Blackstone Edge. About 900 acres were enclosed in 1820 but the surrounding hills are uncultivated rough pasture. Roads from Elland, Huddersfield and Manchester passed through the village.[4]

Religion[edit]

There has been a chapel in Scammonden since 1615 and the church remains active.[3] Scammonden was a chapelry in the Huddersfield ecclesiastical parish. Its old chapel was rebuilt at a cost of £1000 in 1813.[4] It was replaced by the church in 1865.[1] The church roof was replaced in 2002 with the aid of grants from English Heritage, charities and other community fundraising activities.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Scammonden West Riding, Vision of Britain, retrieved 6 March 2013 
  2. ^ Scammonden Dam, Engineering Timelines, retrieved 6 March 2013 
  3. ^ a b c St Bartholomew West Scammonden and Dean Head, West Scammonden, A church near you, retrieved 6 March 2013 
  4. ^ a b Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Scammonden", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 26–30, retrieved 6 March 2013 

External links[edit]

Media related to Scammonden at Wikimedia Commons