Scania 4-series (bus)

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Main article: Scania buses
Scania 4 series
Firefly Express (5537 AO) Coach Concepts bodied Scania K124EB.jpg
An Coach Concepts bodied Scania K124EB in Australia.
Overview
Manufacturer Scania AB
Powertrain
Engine Scania
Transmission Scania manual or automatic

The Scania 4-series bus range was introduced by Scania AB in 1997 and was superseded by the F-series, N-series and the K-series. It is the successor of 3-series bus range and is available in several different forms:

Scania F94/F114[edit]

The F94/F114 is a front-engined bus chassis.

These chassis are mainly produced in São Bernardo do Campo (Brazil) and Tucumán (Argentina) for the South American and African market. Available as 4x2 (the F94HB and F94IB, high and low drive level) as well as the F94HA6x2NA version (articulated), with remotely mounted Voith gearbox and air suspension on both drive (2nd axle) and trailer axle (3rd axle). The latter is known as a 'puller' artic, where no hydraulic articulation control is needed.

It was superseded by the new F-series bus chassis range.

Scania N94[edit]

A Scania N94UB and in the background, a Scania N94UD in Nottingham, England.
A Scania N94UD "OmniDekka" owned by Reading Transport.

The N94 is a transverse-engined low-floor city bus, which was a direct replacement of the N113.

It was originally available with rigid version N94UB and articulated version N94UA, but from 2002 a double-deck version known as the N94UD also became available.

The N94UD was mainly built for the United Kingdom and initially it was only available with East Lancs bodywork and sold as the OmniDekka, the first bus was built for Metrobus and delivered in 2003.[1] In 2005, Scania unveiled the double-deck OmniCity based on the N94UD. Plans for Wrightbus bodywork on the N94UD chassis were dropped after Wrightbus experienced difficulty adapting the bodywork for the chassis.

It was superseded by the new N-series bus chassis range with 5-cylinder engines.

Scania L94[edit]

The L94 is a longitudinal inclined rear engined coach and city bus chassis, which was a direct replacement of the L113. It is used widely in Scandinavia, the United Kingdom, Brazil and Australia. In Ireland and Northern Ireland it is also quite popular with companies such as Bus Éireann, Ulsterbus and Citybus (now named Metro).

It can be built as an intercity bus (L94IB) or a low-floor city bus (rigid version L94UB or articulated version L94UA) and features a 9-litre, inline 6-cylinder, turbocharged and intercooled, Euro II compliant engine available in 220 hp/1005 Nm, 260 hp/1180 Nm, or 310 hp/1355 Nm ratings (model DSC9), which was later replaced by the DC9 Euro III compliant engine available in 230 hp/1050 Nm, 260 hp/1250 Nm, or 300 hp/1400 Nm ratings. Optionally, a 9-litre, inline 6-cylinder, turbocharged and intercooled CNG engine was available, initially with only a 260 hp/970 Nm rating (model OSC9 G01 - later upgraded to 260 hp/990Nm), but with the introduction of a higher torque Euro V compliant engine (model OC9) two ratings were available - 260 hp/1100 Nm (OC9 G02 260) and 300 hp/1250 Nm (OC9 G03 300).

In 2006 it was superseded by the new K-series bus chassis range with 5-cylinder engines just before Euro IV emissions regulations take effect, and lost its tilted engine..

Scania K94/K114/K124[edit]

2007 K124 12 litre with 12 seats downstairs, 57 up Kiwi body at Rotorua in 2013 on Wellington to Auckland InterCity 601km route

The K94, K114 and K124 are rear-engined city bus, intercity and coach chassis, respectively fitted with 9, 11 and 12-litre engines. It could be built as a coach (KEB) or an intercity bus (KIB), but one example of a low-entry citybus version (the tri-axle K94UB, also known as the K94UB6x2/4) was produced in 2000.

In Hong Kong, the K94UB has been fitted with a Volgren 12m double-deck bodywork and is currently in operation with Citybus in Hong Kong. It is equipped with a 260 hp 6-cylinder Euro III engine (which was uprated to 300 hp before entering service) and a hydraulically (ZF - RAS) steered tag axle in front of the drive axle.

In 2006 it was superseded by the new K-series bus chassis range.

Gallery[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Generation Double-Decker takes to the road as first Scania Omnidekka enters service with Metrobus - Scania in the United Kingdom