Scaphella junonia

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Scaphella junonia
Scaphella junonia.jpg
A shell of Scaphella junonia trawled by a shrimp boat off of the SW coast of Florida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Volutidae
Genus: Scaphella
Species: S. junonia
Binomial name
Scaphella junonia
(Lamarck, 1804)
Synonyms[1]
  • Voluta junonia Lamarck, 1804
  • Aurinia junonia Lamarck, 1804
  • Scapha junonia Lamarck, 1804
  • Maculopeplum junonia Lamarck, 1804
  • Scaphella butleri Clench, 1953
  • Scaphella johnstoneae Clench, 1953
  • Scaphella capelettii Petuch, 1994

Scaphella junonia, common names the junonia, or Juno's volute,[2] is a species of large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Volutidae, the volutes.

This species lives in water from 29 m to 126 m depth in the tropical Western Atlantic.[1] Because of its deepwater habitat, the shell usually only washes up onto beaches after strong storms, or hurricanes.

The species is named after the ancient Roman goddess Juno.

Distribution[edit]

Scaphella junonia is found throughout Florida to Texas and the Gulf of Mexico.[1][3]

  • A subspecies Scaphella junonia johnstoneae is found off of Alabama[1] and is the state shell of that state.
  • Another subspecies Scaphella junonia butleri is found off of the Yucatan.[1]

Shell description[edit]

The shell of Scaphella junonia grows to a maximum of 126 mm in length.[1] The shell is cream in color with about 12 spiral rows of somewhat squarish brown dots. The large protoconch is tan. The aperture of the shell is almost 3/4 of the length of the shell.

Human relevance[edit]

The shell was historically greatly prized for its beauty and apparent rarity. It is however commonly taken (accidentally as bycatch) from deeper water during commercial trawling by shrimp fishermen in the Gulf of Mexico. This source provides plenty of specimens for the shell trade, and so the price of a specimen shell is relatively low. However, the shell is still very hard to find naturally cast up on beaches, so people who find a junonia while shelling on Sanibel Island, Florida, often get their picture in the local newspapers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Rosenberg, G. (2009). "Malacolog 4.1.1: A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca". Scaphella junonia (Lamarck, 1804). Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Helen S. O'Brien. (1953). Shell Album. Fort Myers, Florida: O'Brien Color Studio. p. 10. 
  3. ^ Scaphella junonia (Lamarck, 1804).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 7 April 2010.
  • Conchologists of America, Peter Dance article on this species
  • Rosenberg, G. 1992. Encyclopedia of Seashells. Dorset: New York. 224 pp. page(s): 99
  • Bail, P & Poppe, G. T. 2001. A conchological iconography: a taxonomic introduction of the recent Volutidae. Hackenheim-Conchbook, 30 pp, 5 pl.
  • Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

Further reading[edit]

  • S. Peter Dance (1969). Rare Shells. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.