Scaphites

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Scaphites
SmallScaphites.jpg
Scaphites sp. from Colorado
Specimen is 2.8 cm from top to bottom
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Ammonoidea
Order: Ammonitida
Suborder: Ancyloceratina
Superfamily: Scaphitaceae
Family: Scaphitidae
Subfamily: Scaphitinae
Genus: Scaphites
Parkinson, 1811
Species

See text.

Scaphites (Greek skafh, "a boat or anything dug or scooped out") is a genus of extinct cephalopod belonging to the family of heteromorph ammonites (suborder Ancyloceratina). They were a widespread genus that thrived during the Cretaceous period.

Scaphites generally have a chambered, boat-shaped shell. The initial part (juvenile stage) of the shell is generally more or less involute (tightly-coiled) and compressed, giving no hint of the heteromorphic shell form yet to come. The terminal part (adult stage) is much shorter, erect, and bends over the older shell like a hook. They have transverse, branching ribs with tubercles (small bumps) along the venter.

Suture pattern of Scaphites

Reconstructions of the body within the shell can be made to portray Scaphites as either a benthic (bottom-dwelling) or planktonic animal, depending on where the center of gravity is located. Since useful fossils of the soft-body parts of cephalopods are highly rare, little is known about how this animal actually fit into its shell and lived its life.

Because Scaphites and its relatives in Superfamily Scaphitaceae are restricted to certain divisions of the Cretaceous (ca. 144 to 66.4 million years ago), they are useful in some areas as an index fossil. A notable example is the Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway in North America, in which several endemic lineages of scaphite species evolved and now serve as the basis for a highly resolved regional biostratigraphy.

Species[edit]

  • Scaphites binneyiReeside 1927
  • Scaphites carlilensisMorrow 1935
  • Scaphites depressusReeside 1927
  • Scaphites ferronensisCobban, 1951
  • Scaphites frontierensisCobban 1951
  • Scaphites hippocrepis(DeKay) 1827
  • Scaphites impendicostatusCobban 1951
  • Scaphites leeiReeside 1927
  • Scaphites nanusReeside 1927
  • Scaphites nodosus
  • Scaphites obliquusJ. Sowerby 1813
  • Scaphites preventricosusCobban 1951
  • Scaphites tetonensisCobban 1951
  • Scaphites uintensisCobban 1951
  • Scaphites warreniMeek and Hayden 1860
  • Scaphites whitfieldiCobban 1951

References and external links[edit]