Scarborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Scarborough
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County North Yorkshire
Major settlements Scarborough, Whitby
February 1974–1997
Number of members One
Replaced by Scarborough and Whitby
Created from Scarborough and Whitby
1295–1918
Number of members Two (1295-1885)
One (1885-1918)
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Scarborough was the name of a constituency in Yorkshire, electing Members of Parliament to the House of Commons, at two periods. From 1295 until 1918 it was a parliamentary borough consisting only of the town of Scarborough, electing two MPs until 1885 and one from 1885 until 1918. In 1974 the name was revived for a county constituency, covering a much wider area; this constituency was abolished in 1997.

History[edit]

Scarborough was first represented in a Parliament held at Shrewsbury in 1282, and was one of the boroughs sending 2 MPs to the Model Parliament of 1295 which is now generally considered to be the first parliament in the modern sense.

Until the Great Reform Act of 1832 Scarborough was a corporation borough, the right of election resting solely with the 44-member corporation or "common council". At an earlier period, it seems to have been a matter of some dispute whether the freemen of the borough could also vote, but at an election in 1736 the corporation and the (much more numerous) freemen backed different candidates. The candidate of the freemen was returned to Parliament, but on petition from his defeated opponent the House of Commons decided that only the corporation votes should stand, and overturned the result. In later days the Corporation was entirely under the influence of the Duke of Rutland and Earl of Mulgrave, who each nominated one of the Members of Parliament; by 1832, Scarborough had continuously been represented by junior members of their respective families for more than half a century. The restriction on the franchise was challenged in 1791, and Parliament declared in favour of "the ancient right of inhabitant householders" in the borough to vote, but the decision seems to have been a dead-letter for at the election of 1802, the last to be contested before the Reform Act, only 33 voters cast their votes.

At the time of the Reform Act, the borough had a population of about 8,760 in just over 2,000 houses, and the Act left its boundaries and two members intact, though widening the franchise. (There were 431 electors registered at the 1832 election.) The constituency remained broadly unchanged until 1918, though from 1885 its representation was reduced from two MPs to one.

After abolition in 1918, the constituency was absorbed into the new Scarborough and Whitby county constituency. However, the boundary changes which came into effect at the February 1974 general election created a new constituency named Scarborough. This was a county constituency including, in addition to Scarborough itself and its suburb Scalby, the town of Pickering and the Scarborough and Pickering rural districts.

There were further boundary changes at the 1983 general election, which brought in Whitby and its surrounding area in place of the Pickering district. The constituency was abolished once more for the 1997 general election, when it was again largely replaced by a new Scarborough and Whitby constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1295)


MPs 1295-1540[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1298 John Rofton Robert Pau
1301 John Pickford John Hammond
1307 Amaury Gegg Robert Wawayn
1308 Radus Godge John Gegg
1310 Roger Oughtred John de Cropton
1313 Roger Oughtred John de Cropton
1314 Roger Oughtred Thomas de Cropton
1315 Roger Oughtred John Huterburgh
1319 Evericus Godge William de St Thomas
1321 Adam de Seamer Henry de Roston
1327 Henry de Roston Robert de Hubthorpe
1327 Henry de Newcastle John de Bergh
1328 Robert the Coroner John le Skyron
1328 Henry de Newcastle William de Hedon
1329 Henry de Newcastle William de Hedon
1330 Philip Humbury John le Serjeant
1332 Henry the Coroner Henry de Roston
1333 Henry the Coroner Henry de Roston
1334 Robert de Helperthorpe Henry the Coroner
1335 Henry de Newcastle William de Bedale
1335 Richard de Willsthorpe John de Mounte Pesselers
1336 Thomas le Blound Henry de Newcastle
1337 Henry de Newcastle Thomas the Coroner
1338 Henry de Roston Henry de Newcastle
1339 Henry de Roston Henry de Newcastle
1340 Henry de Roston Robert the Coroner
1346 William de Kilham John de Ireland
1347 Robert Scardeburgh William Cutt
1348 Robert Scardeburgh William son of Roger
1351 John Beaucola Henry de Roston
1354 Henry de Roston Richard de Newcastle
1356 John Burniston William Barton
1358 Robert the Coroner John Hammund
1359 Henry Roston Peter Percy
1360 Richard de Newcastle Peter Percy
1361 Peter Percy John del Aumery
1362 Edward Thwailes  ?
1365 Richard del Kichen Richard Chelman
1368 Stephen Carter Henry de Roston
1369 Robert Aclom John de Barton
1373 William Cobberiham John Aclom
1376 John de Stolwich Henry de Roston
1378 William de Seamer John de Moresham, jnr
1379 Henry de Roston Thomas de Brune
1382 Henry de Roston John Aclom
1383 John Stockwich Richard Chelman
1384 John Aclom Henry de Roston
1385 Robert Martyn John de Moresham
1386 William de Seamer John Carter[1]
1388 (Feb) Willam Sage John Aclom [1]
1388 (Sep) John Folkton John Carter [1]
1390 (Jan)
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Carter
1392 John Carter John Martyn [1]
1393 Robert de Alnwick John de Moresham, jnr [1]
1394 Robert Shilbottle William Carter [1]
1395 Henry de Harom Robert Shillbottle [1]
1397 (Jan) John Carter William Percy [1]
1397 (Sep)
1400 John Aclom William Harom [1]
1401 John Mosdale Robert Aclom [1]
1402 Thomas Carethorp William Harom [1]
1404/5 (Jan) John Mosdale William Sage [1]
1404/4 (Sep) John Mosdale Robert Aclom [1]
1406 William Percy William Harom [1]
1407 William Stapleton William Carter [1]
1410
1411 John Mosdale William Sage [1]

John Carter

1412/3 (Feb)
1413 (May) Thomas Carethorp John Mosdale [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Mosdale William Sage [1]
1415 Robert Bamburgh George Topcliffe [1]
1415/6 (Mar) Thomas Carethorp Roger de Stapelton [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 William Forster William Sage [1]
1420 John Carter Thomas Copeland [1]
1421 (May) John Carter William Sage [1]
1421 (Dec) John Aclom William Forster [1]
1422 Hugo Raysyn William Forster
1423 William Forster Jack Daniell
1425 Robert Bambergh William Forster
1428 John Danyell William Forster
1429 John Danyell William Forster
1432 William Forster Jack Daniell
1442 William Forster Robert Carethorp
1447 William Helperby John Aclom
1449 Henry Eyre William Paulin
1450 John Aclom Robert Benton
1451 George Topcliff Thomas Benton
1455 Jack Daniell Robert Hoggson
1460 John Sherrifle Thomas Hoggson
1467 John Paulin John Robinson
1510-1523 No names known
1529 Sir Ralph Ellerker George Flinton
1536  ?
1539  ?

MPs 1542-1640[edit]

Parliament First Member Second Member
Parliament of 1542-1544 Sir Ralph Eure Sir Nicholas Fairfax
Parliament of 1545-1547 Reginald Beseley William Lockwood
Parliament of 1547-1552 Richard Whaley Reginald Beseley
First Parliament of 1553 Thomas Eyns General Dakins
Second Parliament of 1553 John Tregonwell Leonard Chamberlain
Parliament of 1554 Anthony Brann Robert Massey
Parliament of 1554-1555 Reginald Beseley Tristram Cook
Parliament of 1555 William Hasye Francis Aislabie
Parliament of 1558 Richard Jones Edward Beseley
Parliament of 1559 William Strickland Sir Henry Gate
Parliament of 1563-1567
Parliament of 1571 Edward Gate
Parliament of 1572-1583 Sir Henry Gate Edward Carey
Parliament of 1584-1585 William Strickland John Hotham
Parliament of 1586-1587 Sir Ralph Bourchier Edward Hutchinson
Parliament of 1588-1589 Edward Gate William Fish
Parliament of 1593 Roger Dalton
Parliament of 1597-1598 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby Walter Pye
Parliament of 1601 Edward Stanhope William Eure
Parliament of 1604-1611 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby Francis Eure
Addled Parliament (1614) Edward Smith William Conyers
Parliament of 1621-1622 Sir Richard Cholmeley
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) (Sir) Hugh Cholmeley[2]
Useless Parliament (1625) William Thompson
Parliament of 1625-1626 Stephen Hutchinson
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir William Constable John Harrison
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640

MPs 1640-1885[edit]

Election First member[3] First party Second member[3] Second party
April 1640 John Hotham the younger Royalist Sir Hugh Cholmeley
November 1640
April 1642 Cholmley disabled to sit - seat vacant
September 1643 Hotham disabled to sit - seat vacant
1645 Luke Robinson Sir Matthew Boynton, Bt. (d. March 1647)
1647 John Anlaby
1653 Scarborough was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 John Wildman Scarborough had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Colonel Edward Salmon
January 1659 Thomas Chaloner
May 1659 Luke Robinson[4] One seat vacant
April 1660 John Legard
June 1660 William Thompson
July 1660 John Legard[5]
1661 Sir Jordan Crosland
1670 Sir Philip Monckton
1679 Francis Thompson
1685 Sir Thomas Slingsby, Bt William Osbaldeston
1689 William Thompson Francis Thompson
1692 John Hungerford
1693 The Viscount of Irvine
1695 Sir Charles Hotham, Bt Court Whig
1701 William Thompson
1702 John Hungerford Tory
1705 Robert Squire
1707 John Hungerford Tory
1722 Sir William Strickland, Bt Whig
1730 William Thompson
January 1736 Viscount Dupplin[6]
April 1736 William Osbaldeston
1744 Edwin Lascelles
1747 Roger Handasyde
1754 Sir Ralph Milbanke, Bt William Osbaldeston
1761 John Major[7]
1766 Fountayne Wentworth Osbaldeston
1768 George Manners
1770 Sir James Pennyman, Bt
1772 The Earl of Tyrconnel Tory
1774 Sir Hugh Palliser, Bt
1779 Charles Phipps
1784 George Osbaldeston
1790 Hon Henry Phipps[8] Tory
1794 Edmund Phipps Tory
1796 Lord Charles Somerset Tory
1802 Lord Robert Manners Tory
1806 Charles Manners Sutton Tory
1818 Viscount Normanby Whig
1820 Edmund Phipps Tory
1832 Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt Whig Sir George Cayley, Bt Whig
1835 Sir Frederick Trench Conservative
1837 Sir Thomas Style, Bt Whig
1841 Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt Conservative
1847 Earl of Mulgrave Whig
1851 George Frederick Young Conservative
1852 Earl of Mulgrave Whig
1857 Liberal Liberal
1857 John Dent Liberal
1859 William Denison Liberal
1860 John Dent Liberal
1869 Sir Harcourt Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt Liberal
1874 Sir Charles Legard, Bt Conservative
1880 William Sproston Caine Liberal
1880 John George Dodson Liberal
1884 Richard Fell Steble Liberal
  • Representation reduced to one member (1885)

MPs 1885-1918[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 representation reduced to one member
1885 Sir George Reresby Sitwell Conservative
1886 Joshua Rowntree Gladstonian Liberal
1892 Sir George Reresby Sitwell Conservative
1895 Joseph Compton-Rickett Liberal
1906 Walter Russell Rea Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Scarborough and Whitby

MPs 1974-1997[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
Feb 1974 Sir Michael Shaw Conservative
1992 John Sykes Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Scarborough and Whitby

Elections[edit]

Election in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Scarborough[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Sykes 29,334 49.8 −0.9
Labour David L. Billing 17,600 29.9 +6.2
Liberal Democrat A. Bromley Davenport 11,133 18.9 −6.8
Green Dr. Richard C. Richardson 876 1.5 +1.5
Majority 11,734 19.9 −5.0
Turnout 58,943 77.2 +4.0
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Scarborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shaw 27,672 50.65
Social Democrat H Callan 14,046 25.71
Labour M Wolstenholme 12,913 23.64
Majority 13,626 24.94
Turnout 73.22
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Scarborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shaw 27,977 54.25
Social Democrat R Jordan 14,048 27.24
Labour J Battersby 9,545 18.51
Majority 13,929 27.01
Turnout 71.27
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Scarborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shaw 23,669 53.16
Labour EJ Lahteela 11,344 25.48
Liberal S Galloway 9,025 20.27
Independent T Yelin 487 1.09
Majority 12,325 27.68
Turnout 73.12
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Scarborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shaw 19,831 49.73
Liberal MJL Brook 10,123 25.39
Labour DJ Taylor-Goodby 9,923 24.88
Majority 9,708 24.34
Turnout 68.10
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Scarborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Shaw 21,858 47.66
Liberal MF Pitts 16,751 36.53
Labour DJ Taylor-Goodby 7,034 15.34
Independent MJ Ellis 114 0.25
Independent Conservative BM Stoker 102 0.22
Majority 5,107 11.14
Turnout 78.93
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  2. ^ Knighted 1626
  3. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Cobbett's Parliamentary History records that "21 June 1660, Mr Robinson was discharged by an Order of the House from sitting, and a writ ordered to be issued to elect another in his room; but the Journals do not give us the reason for this expulsion"
  5. ^ Created a baronet as Sir John Legard, December 1660
  6. ^ Dupplin beat Osbaldeston in the by-election by 154 votes to 27, but Dupplin's votes came mostly from the freemen and Osbaldeston had the majority of corporation votes (26 to 18). On petition the freemen's votes were discounted, Dupplin's election voided and Osbaldeston declared duly elected.
  7. ^ Created a baronet as Sir John Major, 1765
  8. ^ Became Lord Mulgrave in 1792
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Sources[edit]

  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • Thomas Hinderwell, The history and antiquities of Scarborough and the vicinity (2nd edition, York: Thomas Wilson & Son, 1811) [2]
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Edward Porritt and Annie G Porritt, The Unreformed House of Commons (Cambridge University Press, 1903)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Robert Walcott, English Politics in the Early Eighteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Oxford University
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1817–1832
Succeeded by
Cambridge University