Scarborough and Whitby (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scarborough and Whitby
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Scarborough and Whitby in North Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of North Yorkshire within England.
County North Yorkshire
Electorate 76,078 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Scarborough and Whitby
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Robert Goodwill (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Scarborough
19181974 (1974)
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Scarborough
Created from Scarborough and Whitby
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Scarborough and Whitby is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Robert Goodwill, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency name has had two separate periods of existence.

1918–1974

A Scarborough and Whitby division of the North Riding of Yorkshire was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918 after the Boundary Commission of 1917 and first elected a Member of Parliament in the 1918 general election. This division took the entirety of the abolished Parliamentary borough of Scarborough together with the majority of the previous Whitby division and a very small part of Cleveland division[n 3]. It had a population, in the middle of 1914, of 72,979.[2] The Boundary Commission had initially recommended that the division simply be called 'Scarborough' but an amendment moved by the Government during enactment of their recommendations enacted it from the outset as Scarborough and Whitby.[3] Throughout its 56 year first creation which allowed a full franchise for all resident men it was represented by a Conservative, including during the Attlee Ministry and First Wilson Ministry.

Changes to boundaries

The Initial Report of the Boundary Commission in 1947 made minor changes to the constituency, in line with local government changes which had abolished Guisborough Rural District in 1932 and absorbed it into Whitby Rural District. The new constituency again included the whole of Whitby Rural District, and so gained Hinderwell which was previously within Cleveland constituency. It had an electorate of 67,884 on 15 October 1946.[4] No change was made in the First Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission in 1954.[5]

The Second Periodical Report, published in 1969 recommended that the constituency be divided and its recommendations came into effect at the February 1974 general election abolishing the seat. The Scarborough constituency was thereby re-established, and Whitby joined with Guisborough, Loftus, Saltburn and Brotton to form Cleveland and Whitby.

By the beginning of the Third Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission, Cleveland had been created as a new county, which would normally prevent the Commission from recommending a constituency crossing the border. Several representations were made to the Commission to try to preserve Cleveland and Whitby constituency, but the Commission found itself unable to accept them and recommended putting Scarborough and Whitby together in a new Scarborough despite including the other coastal town, its old name, including Whitby, was finally reinstated in the next review.[n 4] This constituency did not include Pickering, which was placed in a new Ryedale constituency.[6]

1997-date

In the Fourth Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for England, published in 1995 and coming into effect at the 1997 general election, the Scarborough constituency was renamed as Scarborough and Whitby with no change in boundaries.[7]

When the constituency was recreated in 1997, the Labour candidate, Lawrie Quinn, defeated John Sykes, the sitting Conservative MP – one of many locally and national press-predicted unlikely gains for Labour in their landslide victory of that year. The current incumbent, Robert Goodwill, defeated Quinn in 2005 to regain the seat for Conservatives.

Boundaries[edit]

Historic boundaries

When initially created in 1918 the constituency was defined as the whole of the Municipal Borough of Scarborough, the Urban Districts of Pickering, Scalby and Whitby, the Rural Districts of Scarborough and Whitby. It also included parts of two Rural Districts. Nine out of the eleven parishes within Pickering Rural District were included, namely Allerston, Ebberston, Kingthorpe, Levisham, Lockton, Marishes, Newton, Thornton Dale, and Wilton. Three of the nine parishes within Guisborough Rural District were also included: Commondale, Danby and Westerdale. As from 1950, the constituency was defined as the Municipal Borough of Scarborough, the Urban Districts of Pickering, Scalby and Whitby, the Rural Districts of Scarborough and Whitby.

The constituency in 1997 was defined as the following wards of the Borough of Scarborough: Ayton, Castle, Cayton, Central, Danby, Derwent, Eastfield, Eskdaleside, Falsgrave, Fylingdales, Lindhead, Mayfield, Mulgrave, Newby, Northstead, Scalby, Seamer, Streonshalh, Weaponness and Woodlands (all of Scarborough Borough except the wards of Filey and Hertford, this is by coincidence or design that part of SBC that used to be in the North Riding).[8]

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which made no changes for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

  • Castle, Cayton, Central, Danby, Derwent Valley, Eastfield, Esk Valley, Falsgrave Park, Fylingdales, Lindhead, Mayfield, Mulgrave, Newby, North Bay, Northstead, Ramshill, Scalby Hackness and Staintondale, Seamer, Stepney, Streonshalh, Weaponness, Whitby West Cliff and Woodlands in the Borough of Scarborough[9]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency covers the towns of Scarborough and Whitby. Both of these are seaside towns in North Yorkshire on the north-east coast of England. However, the constituency is largely rural and semi-rural, such issues tend to influence voting preferences.

In statistics

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of a Borough with a working population whose income is close to the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing.[10] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 4.8% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 4.7%.[11] The borough has a medium-high 28.8% of its population without a car, a high 26.0% of the population without qualifications and a medium 22.7% with level 4 qualifications or above.

In terms of tenure a high 75.8% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the borough.[12]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918–1974[edit]

Scarborough & Whitby 1918-1974
Election Member[13] Party
1918 Sir Gervase Beckett, Bt. Coalition Conservative
1922 Sidney Herbert Conservative
1931 by-election Sir Paul Latham Conservative
1941 by-election Sir Alexander Spearman Conservative
1966 Michael Shaw Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

MPs since 1997[edit]

Election Member[13] Party
1997 Lawrie Quinn Labour
2005 Robert Goodwill Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections 1997-2010[edit]

Scarborough & Whitby 1997-
General Election 2010: Scarborough and Whitby[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Goodwill 21,108 42.8 +1.8
Labour Annajoy David 12,978 26.3 -12.0
Liberal Democrat Tania Exley-Moore 11,093 22.5 +6.5
UKIP Michael James 1,484 3.0 +1.0
BNP Trisha Scott 1,445 2.9 +2.9
Green Dilys Cluer 734 1.5 -1.1
Independent Peter Popple 329 0.7 +0.7
Alliance for Green Socialism Juliet Boddington 111 0.2 +0.2
Majority 8,130 16.5
Turnout 49,282 65.3 +1.8
Conservative hold Swing 6.9
General Election 2005: Scarborough and Whitby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Goodwill 19,248 41.0 +1.4
Labour Lawrence Quinn 18,003 38.4 -8.8
Liberal Democrat Tania Exley-Moore 7,495 16.0 +7.6
Green Jonathan Dixon 1,214 2.6 +0.4
UKIP Paul Abbott 952 2.0 0.0
Majority 1,245 2.7
Turnout 46.912 71.7 +8.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 5.1
General Election 2001: Scarborough and Whitby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lawrence Quinn 22,426 47.2 +1.6
Conservative John Sykes 18,841 39.6 +3.4
Liberal Democrat Thomas Pearce 3,977 8.4 -5.8
Green Jonathan Dixon 1,049 2.2 N/A
UKIP John Jacob 970 2.0 N/A
ProLife Alliance Theresa Murray 260 0.5 N/A
Majority 3,585 7.6
Turnout 47,523 63.2 -8.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1997: Scarborough and Whitby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lawrence Quinn 24,791 45.6 N/A
Conservative John Sykes 19,667 36.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Martin Allinson 7,672 14.1 N/A
Referendum Party S. Murray 2,191 4.0 N/A
Majority 5,124 N/A
Turnout 54,321 71.6 N/A
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 14.70

Election in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 73,400

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Norman Shaw 26,154 49.8
Liberal Michael F Pitts 16,517 31.5
Labour Miss Jean B Hewitson 9,802 18.7
Majority 9,637 18.4
Turnout 52,473 71.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 66,143

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Norman Shaw 21,141 43.1
Liberal Richard S Rowntree 15,599 31.8
Labour Jack Goodhand 11,848 24.2
Independent Conservative Dr. M Jane Ellis 429 0.9
Majority 5,542 11.3
Turnout 74.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 65,611

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 22,632 46.0
Liberal Richard S Rowntree 14,725 29.9
Labour Peter Hardy 11,818 24.0
Majority 7,907 16.1
Turnout 74.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 63,938

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 25,226 54.3
Liberal Gilbert Gray 10,759 23.2
Labour Nicolas Guy Barnett 10,468 22.5
Majority 14,467 31.1
Turnout 72.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Scarborough & Whitby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 27,133 57.9
Labour John Archer 10,488 22.4
Liberal Gilbert Gray 9,215 19.7
Majority 16,645 35.5
Turnout 46,453 72.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate : 65,351

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 32,988 66.5
Labour Henry Brinton 16,621 33.5
Majority 16,367 33.0
Turnout 75.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Scarborough & Whitby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 28,896 55.2
Labour Philip Taylor 14,421 27.6
Liberal Ronald William Sykes 8,989 17.2
Majority 14,475 27.7
Turnout 80.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 59,001

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 20,786 50.9
Liberal Capt. Leonard Humphrey Razzall 10,739 26.3
Labour Fl-Lt. DH Curry 9,289 22.8
Majority 10,047 24.6
Turnout 69.2
Conservative hold Swing
Scarborough and Whitby by-election, 1941
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Cadwallader Mainwaring Spearman 12,518 60.8
Independent Progressive William Reginald Hipwell 8,086 39.2
Majority 4,432
Turnout 35.9
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 57,631

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Herbert Paul Latham 23,210 53.9
Liberal John Ramsay Bryce Muir 16,668 38.7
Labour T W Coates 3,195 7.4
Majority 6,542 15.19
Turnout 74.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Scarborough & Whitby

Electorate 55,546

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Herbert Paul Latham 32,025 82.97
Labour P S Eastman 6,575 17.03
Majority 25,450 65.93
Turnout 69.49
Conservative hold Swing
Scarborough and Whitby by-election, 1931

Electorate 55,546

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Herbert Paul Latham 21,618 52.7
Liberal John Ramsay Bryce Muir 19,429 47.3
Majority 2,189
Turnout 75.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929[16]

Electorate 53,846

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sidney Herbert 20,710 48.3
Liberal Henry Paterson Gisborne 17,544 40.9
Labour H D Rowntree 4,645 10.8
Majority 3,166
Turnout 79.7
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924[17]

Electorate 41,640

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sidney Herbert 18,911 57.5
Liberal Ashley Mitchell 11,223 34.2
Labour H D Rowntree 2,713 8.3
Majority 7,688 23.3
Turnout 78.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923[18]

Electorate 40,383

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sidney Herbert 15,927 51.6 -3.6
Liberal Ashley Mitchell 14,933 48.4 +3.6
Majority 994 3.2
Turnout 76.4
Unionist hold Swing -3.6
General Election 1922[19]

Electorate 38,846

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sidney Herbert 16,358 55.2
Liberal S P Turnbull 13,262 44.8
Majority 3,096 10.4
Turnout 76.2
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918[20]

Electorate 34,578

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. William Gervase Beckett
11,764 56.6
Liberal Capt. Francis Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell 7,994 38.5
Labour J W Rowntree 1,025 4.9
Majority 3,770 18.1
Turnout 60.1
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The parishes of Westerdale and Commondale
  4. ^ Still as a county constituency
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Statement 45 (County of York, North Riding), Schedule, "Report of the Boundary Commission (England & Wales)", Cd. 8756.
  3. ^ Hansard, HC 5ser vol 99 col 2395.
  4. ^ "Initial Report of the Boundary Commission for England", Cmd. 7260, p. 52.
  5. ^ "First Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission for England", Cmd. 9311, p. 39.
  6. ^ "Third Periodical Report", Boundary Commission for England, vol I, Cmnd. 8797-I, p. 130.
  7. ^ "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", ed. by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky, 1995, p. 8 note 1.
  8. ^ "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", ed. by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky, 1995, p. 144.
  9. ^ "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", ed. by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky News, 2007, p. 143.
  10. ^ 2001 Census
  11. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  12. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  13. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  14. ^ "Scarborough & Whitby". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-07. 
  15. ^ Hull Daily Mail, 21 Jul 1938
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, Craig
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, Craig
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, Craig
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, Craig
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, Craig

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 509. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.