Scartho

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Scartho
St Giles Church Scartho.jpg
Church of St Giles, Scartho
Scartho is located in Lincolnshire
Scartho
Scartho
 Scartho shown within Lincolnshire
Population 9,380 [1]
OS grid reference TA265065
   – London 145 mi (233 km)  S
Unitary authority North East Lincolnshire
Ceremonial county Lincolnshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district DN3
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Grimsby
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°32′24″N 0°05′33″W / 53.53992°N 0.09257°W / 53.53992; -0.09257

Scartho is a suburb situated in the southern part of Grimsby, England, and in the county of North East Lincolnshire. Scartho population is approximately 11,000. Up until the end of the Second World War it was a village; subsequent post-war expansion on the greenfield areas between Scartho and Grimsby has resulted in the village becoming a suburb. Its population has been boosted due to recent urban developments such as that at Scartho Top.


History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Like 'Grimsby' the etymology of the word Scartho can be traced back to having Old Norse origin, more than likely due to the ancestry of the surrounding area. In A Dictionary of British Place Names, A.D. Mills identifies the elements skarth or skafr and the ending haugr to give the meaning as 'Mound near a gap' or a mound 'frequented by cormorants'.[2]

11th century[edit]

The earliest surviving written reference to Scartho is in the Domesday Book of 1086 where it shares an entry with the adjoining parishes of Laceby and Bradley.[3][4] The three parishes were under the lordship of Swein, Erik brother of Tosti, and Tosti brother of Erik, in 1066, and after the Norman invasion by Odo of Bayeux, a half-brother of William the Conqueror.[3]

The church, dedicated to Saint Giles, retains a tower that dates to the Anglo Saxon period, although there have been more recent changes, including the removal of the north wall for an extension as recently as the 1950s.[5] Walter Johnson in Byways in British Archaeology considers the tower to date from the period of church building in the 1042 to 1066 reign of Edward the Confessor and disagrees with 19th century suggestions that the stonework shows signs of scorch mark from having been torched during earlier Viking raids.[6] Rather, Johnson argues, the tower, and others from the same era in Lincolnshire, were built after the period of Viking raids but in a style that reflects a memory of Church towers being used as a place of refuge during those raids.[6]

19th century[edit]

In the first census of the United Kingdom in 1801 Scartho had 135 inhabitants, in 1831 the population was 147.[7]

In 1894 a workhouse and infirmary were built at a 10-acre (40,000 m2) site on the west-side of Scartho Road to the south of Grimsby. These new buildings were opened on 9 October 1894 by the Right Honourable J Shaw-Le-Fevre. Following the Local Government Act of 1929, the workhouse came under the control of Grimsby Town Council's Public Assistance Committee and was renamed Scartho Road Institution.[citation needed] After the introduction of the National Health Act in 1948 it became a general hospital. For many years it was known as Grimsby District General Hospital. Following the erection of the new Princess of Wales' hospital to the south of the site, a number of the former workhouse buildings have been demolished or stand empty. Others are still used for administrative or ancillary services.[citation needed]

20th century[edit]

In 1916 13 bombs were dropped on Scartho by a German Zeppelin, but no-one was killed or injured. The site where one bomb fell is now home to a branch of Barclays Bank, an optician, a few shops and a dance school. At the side of the building is a plaque commemorating this event. A monument giving thanks that no-one was hurt can be found at a spot where another bomb fell, in the churchyard of the nearby parish church of St. Giles, itself believed to be nearly a thousand years old. The church itself was badly damaged in the attack.[citation needed]

Scartho was a separate civil parish until 1928. Its northern boundary included part of the area that now forms the Nunsthorpe housing estate. In that year the greater part of the village was absorbed by Grimsby, with a small part being attached to the parish of Waltham.[citation needed]

Before the Second World War building work commenced on what had been Green Belt land. These constructions include properties along Scartho Road and the roads off it, including Cragston Avenue, Limetree Avenue and Sycamore Avenue.[citation needed]

The village saw post-war growth following the then government-policy of local councils building houses to replace those damaged in the war. This led to the development of three estates on green-belt land around the village: Springfield, Fairfield and (on a smaller-scale) the area around Edge Avenue.[citation needed] As part of this growth three schools were created – Springfield First and Middle schools, Fairfield First and Middle schools and Scartho First and Middle schools (in Edge Avenue).

In 1958 the village opened its first public house, the Rose and Crown on Louth Road. The Seven Seas opened in 1962 in Springfield.

In 1960 the local council built a swimming pool at the northernmost tip of the village boundary, next to the Barratts Playing Field. This is known locally as 'Scatha Baths'.

In 1965 a new shopping arcade on Waltham Road was constructed in the area, followed a few years later by a similar development on the junction of Louth Road and Pinfold Lane which housed two banks and several retail premises.[citation needed]

Between 1974 and 1982 the village saw the construction of the town's new hospital, the Grimsby District General Hospital, next to an existing smaller site. It was opened in 1982 by Her Royal Highness, the Princess of Wales. After her death in 1997 it was renamed the Diana, Princess of Wales Hospital.[citation needed] The nearby Scartho Top development began in the mid-1990s.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

North East Lincolnshire Council has one council ward within the area of Scartho.

Scartho Ward

  • Cllr Alex Baxter (C)
  • Cllr Pat Colebrook (C)
  • Cllr Ronald Sheppard (UKIP)

KEY: (L) = Labour Party (C) = Conservative Party (LD) = Liberal Democrat Party (UKIP) = United Kingdom Independence Party (I) = Independent

Community[edit]

Scartho's retail availability includes a Spar mini-supermarket on Waltham Road, surrounded by a number of other businesses including take-aways and a pharmacy. The supermarket houses the village Post Office after the long-established facility in Pinfold Lane closed in 2000. At this time one of the villages' two banks (Lloyds TSB – previously a Lloyds Bank) closed after 33 years of service. On Louth Road is a number of other businesses including a veterinary clinic, a newsagent, a building society and a pet store.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood statistics
  2. ^ Mills, A.D. (2011). A Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b Scartho in the Domesday Book
  4. ^ "Scartho, Lincolnshire", The National Archives
  5. ^ Nikolaus Pevsner; John Harris; Nicholas Antram (January 1989). Lincolnshire. Yale University Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-300-09620-0. 
  6. ^ a b Walter Johnson (18 November 2011). Byways in British Archaeology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 108–111. ISBN 978-0-521-22877-0. 
  7. ^ James Bell (1835). A new and comprehensive gazetteer of England and Wales, illustr. by a series of maps. 4 vols. [in 2].. p. 413. 
  8. ^ Barry H. Howson (2001). Erroneous and Schismatical Opinions: The Questions of Orthodoxy Regarding the Theology of Hanserd Knollys (c. 1599-1691). BRILL. p. 65. ISBN 90-04-11997-3. 
  9. ^ "Person: Knollys, Hansard (1629 - 1671)". Clergy of the Church of England Database. King's College London. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 

External links[edit]