Scartho

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Coordinates: 53°32′24″N 0°05′33″W / 53.53992°N 0.09257°W / 53.53992; -0.09257

Scartho
St Giles Church Scartho.jpg
Church of St Giles, Scartho
Scartho is located in Lincolnshire
Scartho
Scartho
 Scartho shown within Lincolnshire
Population 9,380 [1]
OS grid reference TA265065
    - London 145 mi (233 km)  S
Unitary authority North East Lincolnshire
Ceremonial county Lincolnshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district DN3
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Grimsby
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Scartho is a suburb located in the southern part of Grimsby, England, in the county of North East Lincolnshire. with a population of around 11,000. Up until the end of the Second World War it was a village; subsequent post-war expansion on the greenfield areas between Scartho and Grimsby has resulted in the village becoming a suburb. Its population has been boosted due to recent urban developments such as that at Scartho Top.


History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Like 'Grimsby' the etymology of the word Scartho can be traced back to having Old Norse origin, more than likely due to the ancestry of the surrounding area. It is believed that the name is a mutation of the words Skarth and haugr meaning 'gap' and 'mound' respectively. Alternatively, but less likely, there is a theory that it comes from the Old Norse skafr and cormorant, roughly translated as 'cormorant mound/hill'.[citation needed]

11th century[edit]

Although Anglo Saxon in origin, the earliest recorded reference to Scartho was in the Domesday Book in 1086.[2] The Church of 1086, which incorporated Saxon work said to date from 1042, is substantially the same today,[according to whom?] although with more recent extensions. The tower was probably completed in the early 11th century.[citation needed] The church is dedicated to Saint Giles.

19th century[edit]

In the first census of the United Kingdom in 1801 Scartho had 135 inhabitants. The population has grown rapidly ever since.

In 1894 a workhouse and infirmary were built at a 10-acre (40,000 m2) site on the west-side of Scartho Road to the south of Grimsby. These new buildings were opened on 9 October 1894 by the Right Honourable J Shaw-Le-Fevre. Following the Local Government Act of 1929, the workhouse came under the control of Grimsby Town Council's Public Assistance Committee and was renamed Scartho Road Institution.[citation needed] After the introduction of the National Health Act in 1948 it became a general hospital. For many years it was known as Grimsby District General Hospital. Following the erection of the new Princess of Wales' hospital to the south of the site, a number of the former workhouse buildings have been demolished or stand empty. Others are still used for administrative or ancillary services.[citation needed]

20th century[edit]

In 1916 13 bombs were dropped on Scartho by a German Zeppelin, but no-one was killed or injured. The site where one bomb fell is now home to a branch of Barclays Bank, an optician, a few shops and a dance school. At the side of the building is a plaque commemorating this event. A monument giving thanks that no-one was hurt can be found at a spot where another bomb fell, in the churchyard of the nearby parish church of St. Giles, itself believed to be nearly a thousand years old. The church itself was badly damaged in the attack.[citation needed]

Scartho was a separate civil parish until 1928. Its northern boundary included part of the area that now forms the Nunsthorpe housing estate. In that year the greater part of the village was absorbed by Grimsby, with a small part being attached to the parish of Waltham.[citation needed]

Before the Second World War building work commenced on what had been Green Belt land. These constructions include properties along Scartho Road and the roads off it, including Cragston Avenue, Limetree Avenue and Sycamore Avenue.[citation needed]

The village saw post-war growth following the then government-policy of local councils building houses to replace those damaged in the war. This led to the development of three estates on green-belt land around the village: Springfield, Fairfield and (on a smaller-scale) the area around Edge Avenue.[citation needed] As part of this growth three schools were created – Springfield First and Middle schools, Fairfield First and Middle schools and Scartho First and Middle schools (in Edge Avenue).

In 1958 the village opened its first public house, the Rose and Crown on Louth Road. The Seven Seas opened in 1962 in Springfield.

In 1960 the local council built a swimming pool at the northernmost tip of the village boundary, next to the Barratts Playing Field. This is known locally as 'Scatha Baths'.

In 1965 a new shopping arcade on Waltham Road was constructed in the area, followed a few years later by a similar development on the junction of Louth Road and Pinfold Lane which housed two banks and several retail premises.[citation needed]

Between 1974 and 1982 the village saw the construction of the town's new hospital, the Grimsby District General Hospital, next to an existing smaller site. It was opened in 1982 by Her Royal Highness, the Princess of Wales. After her death in 1997 it was renamed the Diana, Princess of Wales Hospital.[citation needed] The nearby Scartho Top development began in the mid-1990s.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

North East Lincolnshire Council has one council ward within the area of Scartho.

Scartho Ward

  • Cllr Alex Baxter (C)
  • Cllr Pat Colebrook (C)
  • Cllr Ronald Sheppard (UKIP)

KEY: (L) = Labour Party (C) = Conservative Party (LD) = Liberal Democrat Party (UKIP) = United Kingdom Independence Party (I) = Independent

Community[edit]

Scartho's retail availability includes a Spar mini-supermarket on Waltham Road, surrounded by a number of other businesses including take-aways and a pharmacy. The supermarket houses the village Post Office after the long-established facility in Pinfold Lane closed in 2000. At this time one of the villages' two banks (Lloyds TSB – previously a Lloyds Bank) closed after 33 years of service. On Louth Road is a number of other businesses including a veterinary clinic, a newsagent, a building society and a pet store.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]