|Municipal assoc.||Obere Kyll|
|• Mayor||Guido Heinzen|
|• Total||4.36 km2 (1.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||564 m (1,850 ft)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Schüller is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Vulkaneifel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Obere Kyll, whose seat is in the municipality of Jünkerath.
The municipality lies in the Vulkaneifel, a part of the Eifel known for its volcanic history, geographical and geological features, and even ongoing activity today, including gases that sometimes well up from the earth.
The village’s beginnings apparently lie in a Roman military post named Scolinaria on a road leading from Steffeln by way of Glaadt to Cologne. It may well have been a forward post of the Roman castrum of Icorigium (now Jünkerath).
On 19 September 855, Schüller had its first documentary mention as Sconilare. It was the last document issued by Carolingian Emperor Lothair I, coming mere days before his death, and it dealt with the partition of his empire among his three sons.
Until the 14th century, there is hardly any mention of Schüller. In 1586, Schüller was supposedly held as a fief by the Lord of Schönberg and Hartelstein. Hugo Augustin von Schönberg pledged the village in 1609 to Count Arnold of Manderscheid-Blankenheim. In 1727, Schüller was under the Lordship of Kronenburg.
Following the 1795 Peace of Basel after the War of the First Coalition, Schüller passed to the French Department of Ourthe, but not long afterwards, in 1815, as a result of the War of the Sixth Coalition, it passed to Prussia.
Today, Schüller is a small, typical Eifel village; there is hardly any commercial activity and only the odd full-time farmer. Several artists, however, have come to live in the village, among others, Georg Meistermann.
The council is made up of 8 council members, who were elected by majority vote at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.
Schüller’s mayor is Guido Heinzen.
Coat of arms
The German blazon reads: Schild, neunfach von Silber und Blau geteilt, in der Mitte ein silberner Pfahl, darin ein aufgerichtetes, blaues Schwert mit goldenem Griff.
Interesting here is that German heraldic terminology calls the field pattern neunfach … geteilt (“ninefold divided”) and English heraldic terminology calls it “barry of ten”.
Culture and sightseeing
- Saint Paul’s Catholic Parish Church (Pfarrkirche St. Paul), Kirchstraße 8 – Late Gothic Revival hall church, 1910, architect: F. Statz, Cologne.
- Near Kirchstraße 2 – wayside cross, post-Baroque shaft cross from 18(?; last two digits unclear).
- Municipality’s official webpage (German)
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.