|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
|• Mayor||Rainer Pistner|
|• Total||12.64 km2 (4.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||206 m (676 ft)|
|• Density||320/km2 (840/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Schöllkrippen is a market community in the Aschaffenburg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany and seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (Administrative Community) of Schöllkrippen.
Schöllkrippen is the centre of the Kahlgrund and lies on the river Kahl on the western edge of the Spessart (range). In late 2004, this community was chosen as the most livable place in the Bavarian Lower Main (Bayerischer Untermain). The market community is the administrative seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft of Schöllkrippen, which, besides Schöllkrippen, includes the communities of Blankenbach, Kleinkahl, Krombach, Sommerkahl, Westerngrund and Wiesen.
Schöllkrippen’s Ortsteile are Schöllkrippen, Schneppenbach and Hofstädten.
The council is made up of 16 council members, not counting the mayor.
(as at municipal election held on 2 March 2008)
Coat of arms
The community’s arms might be described thus: Per fess gules a wheel spoked of six argent, Or in base a mount of three vert issuant therefrom three morningstars sable, the dexter in bend, the middle in pale and the sinister in bend sinister.
The arms were designed sometime about 1950.
After the Counts of Rieneck died out in 1559, Schöllkrippen passed to the Archbishopric of Mainz, with which it stayed from 1670 to 1803. As early as 1670, the Bishops of Mainz held great parts of the area around Schöllkrippen. For this hegemony stands the six-spoked silver wheel – the Wheel of Mainz – on the red field. The tinctures gules and argent (red and silver) were Mainz’s colours. The three morningstars below the partition are taken from a seal of the Amt of Schöllkrippen, whose circumscription read “SIG. AMPT SCHÖLLKRIPPEN”. Although this does indeed mention the name Schöllkrippen, it was surely no municipal seal, but rather more likely a local official’s personal coat of arms. Strengthening this assumption are the letters M and W on each side of the arms, although any official in Schöllkrippen at that time with these initials is thus far unknown. Because the morningstars were such an unusual charge, they were chosen for the community’s new coat of arms, which has been borne since 1954.
Schöllkrippen has held market rights since 1963.
Economy and infrastructure
Schöllkrippen’s central location has led the market community to grow into a shopping hub in the Kahlgrund since the mid-1990s. The many discount retailers tap not only the Spessart from Wiesen through Heigenbrücken to Heinrichsthal, but also the upper Kahlgrund from Geiselbach to Blankenbach and the middle Kahlgrund from Königshofen through Mömbris to Niedersteinbach along with Eichenberg, Rottenberg and Feldkahl.
After the carwash manufacturer WashTec withdrew from its Schöllkrippen location at the Augsburg-based mother company’s behest, the sprawling halls and plots of land on the Ernstkirchen Gemarkung (traditional rural cadastral area, this one lying on the way out of the community towards Blankenbach) lay empty for nearly three years. In mid-2006, the community managed to sell the Industriepark Ernstkirchen to various firms. Roughly two thirds of the area went to the firm Ferratec from Hösbach, who then housed their production equipment here. The rest was shared among four smaller firms as well as the market community of Schöllkrippen, which built a new building yard there.
The district’s biggest Hauptschule served an estimated 550 students in the 2007/2008 school year. Newcomers to this school are from Heigenbrücken, Heinrichsthal, Geiselbach and Krombach.
- Schöllkrippen is the seat of the Kahlgrund Verkehrs-GmbH (KVG; “Kahlgrund Transport Company, Limited”), to which belongs the railway line to Kahl am Main. This has been served since 11 December 2005 by trains of the Hessische Landesbahn (“Hessian State Railway” – even though Schöllkrippen is in Bavaria), most of which go to the main railway station in Hanau. The KGV also runs its extensive bus network in the north Spessart as far as Aschaffenburg. With route changes, this has been expanded into neighbouring Hesse. New bus connections to Gelnhausen, Freigericht/Somborn and Heigenbrücken were brought into service on 10 December 2006 to afford the region of the upper Kahlgrund and its many commuters better links to the neighbouring state.
- Autobahn A 3 (through the Hösbach interchange), between Frankfurt (roughly 50 km away) and Würzburg (roughly 80 km away).
- Autobahn A 45 (through the Alzenau interchange), between Gießen (90 km away) and Aschaffenburg (roughly 20 km away).
- Autobahn A 66 (through the Gelnhausen/West interchange), between Fulda (90 km away) and Gelnhausen/Hanau (roughly 15 and 30 km away, respectively).
- Staatsstraßen (State Roads) 2305 (Frammersbach-Schöllkrippen-Alzenau) and 2306 (Schöllkrippen-Geiselbach-Gelnhausen) affords a good road link and favours the location of business and industry in Schöllkrippen.
- Johannes Scherer (b. 1973 in Schöllkrippen) German radio and television moderator and comedian.
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Schöllkrippen.|
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.