Scharans

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Scharans
Scharans -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Scharans
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°43′N 9°27′E / 46.717°N 9.450°E / 46.717; 9.450Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°27′E / 46.717°N 9.450°E / 46.717; 9.450
Population 818 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 57 /km2 (148 /sq mi)
Area 14.29 km2 (5.52 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 760 m (2,493 ft)
Postal code 7412
SFOS number 3638
Surrounded by Almens, Fürstenau, Sils im Domleschg, Vaz/Obervaz
Website www.scharans.ch
SFSO statistics
Scharans is located in Switzerland
Scharans
Scharans

Scharans (Romansh: Scharons) is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Scharans is first mentioned in 1200 as agrum Schraunis.[3]

Geography[edit]

Scharans has an area, as of 2006, of 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi). Of this area, 26.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 62% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Domleschg sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Scharans and the hamlets of St. Agata, Stufels, Parnegl and Prin. It is located on a low terrace on the right hand side of the Albula and Hinterrhein rivers.

Demographics[edit]

Scharans has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 818.[1] As of 2008, 5.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.9%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Scharans is; 267 people or 8.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 155 people or 5.1% are 10 to 14, and 281 people or 9.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 460 people or 15.0% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 541 people or 17.6% are 30 to 39, 462 people or 15.1% are 40 to 49, and 385 people or 12.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 209 people or 6.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 189 people or 6.2% are 70 to 79, there are 103 people or 3.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 17 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 37.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (34.4%), the FDP (15.8%) and the CVP (6.6%).[4]

In Scharans about 74.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Scharans has an unemployment rate of 1.08%. As of 2005, there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 21 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 236 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 23 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 1,180 or 38.4% are Roman Catholic, while 1,510 or 49.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 76 individuals (or about 2.48% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 60 individuals (or about 1.96% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 19 (or about 0.62% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 11 individuals (or about 0.36% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 135 (or about 4.40% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 78 individuals (or about 2.54% of the population) did not answer the question.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 336
1850 416
1900 439
1950 480
1960 473
2000 817

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.7%), with Romansh being second most common ( 2.1%) and Italian being third ( 0.9%).[4]

Languages in Scharans
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 484 82.59% 628 89.46% 782 95.72%
Romanish 69 11.77% 22 3.13% 17 2.08%
Italian 14 2.39% 18 2.56% 7 0.86%
Population 586 100% 702 100% 817 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Haus Bardill (formerly known as Haus Gees) is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Scharans in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 05-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 05-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]