Scharführer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
An SS-Scharführer serving in KZ Mauthausen

Scharführer was a Nazi Party title that was used by several paramilitary organizations from 1925 to 1945. Translated as “squad leader”, the title of Scharführer can trace its origins to the First World War, where a Scharführer was often a sergeant or corporal who commanded special action or shock trooper squads. The term Schar means "squad" or "troop".

Scharführer is most recognizable as a rank of the SS and title of the SA. Scharführer was first used as a title in the Sturmabteilung (SA) as early as 1921 and became an actual rank in 1928. Scharführer was the first non-commissioned officer rank of the SA, and was denoted by a single pip centered on a collar patch. In 1930, veteran Scharführer were appointed to the new rank of SA-Oberscharführer, denoted by an additional silver stripe to the Scharführer collar patch.[1]

The Schutzstaffel (SS) used the same insignia for Scharführer as the SA, but the level of rank changed in 1934 with a reorganization of the SS rank structure.[1][2] At that time, the old rank of SS-Scharführer became known as SS-Unterscharführer with the title of SS-Scharführer becoming equivalent to an SA-Oberscharführer. The rank of SS-Truppführer was removed from the SS, to be replaced by SS-Oberscharführer and the new rank of SS-Hauptscharführer. The early Waffen-SS created an even higher rank, known as SS-Sturmscharführer.[3]

Within the SA, Scharführer was senior to the rank of SA-Rottenführer while in the SS, a Scharführer was senior to that of SS-Unterscharführer.[2] The rank of Scharführer was also used by other Nazi Party organizations; among them the National Socialist Flyers Corps (NSFK), National Socialist Motorist Corps (NSKK) and the Hitler Youth (HJ).

Insignia of rank Schaführer of the Waffen-SS
Junior rank
Unterscharführer
SS rank
Scharführer
Senior rank
Oberscharführer
Junior rank
Rottenführer
SA rank
Scharführer
Senior rank
Oberscharführer

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flaherty 2004, p. 148.
  2. ^ a b McNab 2009, p. 30.
  3. ^ McNab 2009, pp. 29, 30.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1 84447 073 3. 
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 1906626499.