Schatzkammer is a German word which translates as Treasure Room, and is a term also used in English for the collection of treasures, especially those in precious metals and jewels, of a ruler or other collector, kept in a secure room, often in the basement of a palace or castle. It also often included the wider types of object typical of the Renaissance cabinet of curiosities.
- The most important items in the Chinese Imperial collection are now at the National Palace Museum in Taipei, while the bulk of the collection is at the Palace Museum in Beijing.
- The Treasure Rooms of Topkapi Palace display Ottoman treasures.
- The Imperial Treasury at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria
- The collection of the royal regalia and treasures of the Bavarian Wittelsbach dynasty, housed in the Residenz Palace in Munich, Germany.
- The Aachen Cathedral Treasury at the Aachen Cathedral (Germany), one of the most important collections of church cultural artefacts in Europe.
- The vast collection of the Wettin Monarchs of Saxony, kept in the Grünes Gewölbe in the Residenzschloss (Royal Castle) at Dresden, Germany.
- The Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom in the Tower of London
- A display of Bourbon treasures in the basement of the Museo del Prado, Madrid
- The Waddesdon Bequest, a 19th-century collection of mostly Renaissance treasures now displayed together in the British Museum
A very small but evocative Renaissance room in a tower at Lacock Abbey was designed for keeping and viewing the treasures of the newly rich owner.