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A schedule, often called a rota or roster, is a list of employees who are working on any given day, week, or month in a workplace. A schedule is necessary for the day-to-day operation of any retail store, manufacturing facility and some offices. The process of creating a schedule is called scheduling. An effective workplace schedule balances the needs of employees, tasks, and in some cases, customers.
A daily schedule is usually ordered chronologically, which means the first employees working that day are listed at the top, followed by the employee who comes in next, et cetera.
A weekly or monthly schedule is usually ordered alphabetically, employees being listed on the left hand side of a grid, with the days of the week on the top of the grid.
A schedule by this definition is sometimes referred to as workflow.
In some cases scheduling software is used to allow organizations to better manage staff scheduling. Organizations commonly use spreadsheet software or employee scheduling software to create and manage shifts, assignments, and employee preferences. For large organisations employee scheduling can be surprisingly difficult Advanced employee scheduling software also provides ways to connect with the staff, ask for their preferences and communicate the schedule to them, via email or SMS.
See also 
- Shift work
- Graphical or at a glance staff scheduling
- Timebar scheduling
- Field Service Management
- Employee scheduling software
- http://www.mjc2.com/staff-planning-complexity.htm Why is staff scheduling hard?
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