Scheid

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For other uses, see Scheid (disambiguation).
Scheid
Former municipality of Switzerland
Coat of arms of Scheid
Coat of arms
Scheid is located in Switzerland
Scheid
Scheid
Coordinates: 46°46′N 9°26′E / 46.767°N 9.433°E / 46.767; 9.433Coordinates: 46°46′N 9°26′E / 46.767°N 9.433°E / 46.767; 9.433
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
Area
 • Total 12.32 km2 (4.76 sq mi)
Elevation 1,221 m (4,006 ft)
Population
 • Total 148
 • Density 12/km2 (31/sq mi)
Postal code 7419
Surrounded by Churwalden, Domat/Ems, Feldis/Veulden, Malix, Rothenbrunnen, Trans, Tumegl/Tomils
Website www.scheid.ch

Scheid is a village in the municipality of Tomils in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. In 2009 Scheid merged with Feldis/Veulden, Trans and Tumegl/Tomils to form the municipality of Tomils.[1]

History[edit]

Scheid is first mentioned in the 12th Century as de Side.[2]

Geography[edit]

Scheid has an area, as of 2006, of 12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi). Of this area, 43.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 42% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (12.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3] The village is located in the Domleschg sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It consisted of two settlements, Unterscheid and Oberscheid, on the right bank of the Hinterrhein. In 2009 Scheid merged with Feldis/Veulden, Trans and Tumegl/Tomils to form Tomils.

In Romansh the two sections are known as Sched (Unterscheid) and Purz (Oberscheid).

Demographics[edit]

Scheid has a population (as of 2007) of 148, of which 2.7% are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8.8%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Scheid is; 99 people or 13.3% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 59 people or 7.9% are 10 to 14, and 34 people or 4.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 78 people or 10.5% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 164 people or 22.1% are 30 to 39, 138 people or 18.6% are 40 to 49, and 69 people or 9.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 48 people or 6.5% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 38 people or 5.1% are 70 to 79, there are 13 people or 1.7% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 0.4% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 70.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (15.2%), the FDP (9.3%) and the CVP (4.8%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Scheid about 69.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Scheid has an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2005, there were 36 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 4 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 1 person is employed in the tertiary sector, with 1 business in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][4]

year population
1803 219
1850 222
1900 156
1950 154
1960 136
1970 104
1980 116
1990 115
2000 139

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (79.1%), with Romansh being second most common (19.4%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.7%).[3]

Languages in Scheid
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 44 37.93% 72 62.61% 110 79.14%
Romanish 69 59.48% 42 36.52% 27 19.42%

Dreibündenstein[edit]

Dreibündenstein, 1915 erected stone to mark the border of the Three Leagues

The Dreibündenstein (|Romanish: Term bel) is a marker erected at the intersection of the Three Leagues (League of God's House, the League of the Ten Jurisdictions and the Grey League) which would found the modern canton of Graubünden. The stone is at an altitude of 2,160 m (7,090 ft) on the border between the municipalities of Domat/Ems, Scheid village (now part of Tomils municipality) and Malix. The original stone dates from 1722, and today is in the Rätian Museum in Chur. In 1742, Nicolin Sererhard mentions three stones. The Sektion Rhätia (Rhätian Section) of the Swiss Alpine club built this 2-metre (6 ft 7 in) tall stone marker in 1915. In 1970 a chair lift was added to mountain, making it easier to reach the marker.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  2. ^ a b Scheid in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 05-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Dreibündenstein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]