Polder in Schermer
Location in North Holland
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Floris Vletter (VVD)|
|• Total||64.39 km2 (24.86 sq mi)|
|• Land||61.39 km2 (23.70 sq mi)|
|• Water||3.00 km2 (1.16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||−3 m (−10 ft)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|• Density||90/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Schermer pronunciation (help·info) (West Frisian: Skirmare) is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. The name came from "skir mere", which means "bright lake" (ref. Groenedijk, 2000).
Around 800 AD, the area that now the municipality of Schermer was covered in peat, and a small river called the Schermer flowed through it. Because of peat-digging by man, and storm floods, this small river had by 1250 developed into an inland lake with an open connection with the Zuyderzee. In the 17th century private investors started draining the largest part of the lake, leaving the southern part, the Alkmaardermeer, intact. In 1635, 47.7 km2 (18.4 sq mi) of polder was drained, whereupon the land was divided among the shareholders.
The municipality of Schermer consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Driehuizen, Grootschermer, Oterleek, Schermerhorn, Stompetoren, Zuidschermer. The latter two are located in the Schermer polder.
Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Schermer, 2013.
The municipal council of Schermer consists of eleven seats, which are divided as follows:
- "Burgemeester en wethouders" [Major and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Schermer. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 1841GB". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.