Schermerhorn Symphony Center
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|Schermerhorn Symphony Center|
Schermerhorn Symphony Center main entrance
|Architectural style||Contemporary neoclassical|
|Location||One Symphony Place,
|Current tenants||Nashville Symphony Orchestra|
|Construction started||December 3, 2003|
|Completed||September 9, 2006|
|Owner||City of Nashville|
|Floor area||197,000 sq ft (18,300 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Earl Swensson Associates
David N. Schwarz/Architectural Services
Hastings Architecture Associates
|Structural engineer||KSi Structural Engineers|
|Services engineer||I.C. Thomasson & Associates|
|Other designers||Acousticians: Akustiks, LLC
Theatre Consultant: Fisher Dachs Associates
|Main contractor||American Constructors, Nashville, TN|
Schermerhorn Symphony Center is a symphony center in downtown Nashville, Tennessee. Ground was broken for construction on December 3, 2003. The center formally opened on September 9, 2006, with a gala concert conducted by Leonard Slatkin and broadcast by PBS affiliates throughout the state. The center is named in honor of Kenneth Schermerhorn, who was the music director and conductor of the Nashville Symphony from 1983 until his death in 2005; the center was named before maestro Schermerhorn's death.
The 2006 Symphony Center is a prominent example of 21st century New Classical Architecture.
Architecture and design
At the heart of Schermerhorn Symphony Center is the 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2), 1,844-seat Laura Turner Concert Hall, which is home to the Nashville Symphony. The hall is of the shoebox style. It features natural lighting, which streams in through 30 soundproof, double-paned clerestory windows. Intricate symbolic motifs appear throughout the hall and the rest of the center, including irises (the Tennessee state flower), horseshoes (a tribute to the late Laura Turner's love of horses) and coffee beans (representing Nashville's Cheek family, which played a key role in the founding of the Nashville Symphony and also originally owned the Maxwell House Coffee brand).
Seats in Laura Turner Concert Hall are distributed over three levels, including a special choral loft behind the stage that can seat up to 146 chorus members; the seats are made available to audience members during non-choral performances. The stage can accommodate up to 115 musicians. The hall also features the custom-built Martin Foundation Concert Organ, crafted by Schoenstein & Co. of San Francisco, which has 47 voices, 64 ranks, and 3,568 pipes with three 32-foot stops.
The center's Neoclassical design blends elements of other Classical and Neoclassical structures in the city, such as the full-scale Parthenon replica and Nashville's main public library.
The building's interior incorporates technological and acoustical features. The orchestra-level seats are mounted on motorized wagons that can be driven forward and lowered through the floor on a system of lifts, revealing an ornate Brazilian cherry and hickory parquet floor. These "chair-wagons" enable the concert hall to be converted into a 5,700-square-foot (530 m2) ballroom in approximately two hours. Dozens of motorized acoustic drapes and panels can be quickly adjusted to accommodate many styles of acoustic and amplified music. The Laura Turner Concert Hall is insulated from exterior noise by an acoustical isolation joint, a 2-inch gap of air that encircles the hall and prevents transmission of sound waves in or out.
Schermerhorn Symphony Center also houses the Mike Curb Family Music Education Hall, a 2,438-square-foot (226.5 m2) space that hosts smaller performances and also serves as a venue for the symphony’s ongoing music-education initiative, Music Education City. The center also has a public garden, the Martha Rivers Ingram Garden Courtyard, which is enclosed by a colonnade and is connected to the west side of the building. Because of the variety of interior spaces, which also include several lobbies and the Allen Walter Watson, Sr. Founders Hall, the center is frequently used for public and private events.
David M. Schwarz Architects, Inc., of Washington, D.C., designed the center, with Earl Swensson Associates of Nashville as architect of record. Paul Scarbrough of Akustiks was responsible for the acoustic design of the hall.
Awards and honors
In 2009, Schermerhorn Symphony Center was recognized as one of 25 North and South American finalists in the Urban Land Institute's (ULI) Awards for Excellence. Presented annually, these awards honor building projects for superior design, for sound building practices and for making meaningful contributions to their communities.
In May 2010, unusually severe flooding caused significant damage in and around Nashville, including approximately $40 million in damages to Schermerhorn Symphony Center. At the height of the flood, the lower reaches of the building were filled with 24 feet of water. Among the losses were electrical and mechanical equipment, a large kitchen, and numerous instruments. Significant instrument losses included two Steinway & Sons pianos and the blower and console units of the Schoenstein pipe organ. Repairs to the center began almost immediately, and it reopened less than eight months later with a concert featuring Itzhak Perlman on December 31, 2010. The organ restoration was completed in time for a May 2011 concert by organist Cameron Carpenter.
On June 6, 2013, media reported that Bank of America had issued formal notice of foreclosure of the Center against the Nashville Symphony Orchestra, which, at that time, owed US$82.3 million on the building and had suffered an $11.7 million loss in fiscal year 2012. An auction of the Center was scheduled for June 28, 2013, but a deal struck through negotiation as well as equity provided by philanthropist Martha Ingram reduced the organization's debt to around $20 million and canceled the auction.
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