||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||André Boesch|
|Area1||18.08 km2 (6.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||67445 / 67750|
|Elevation||168–532 m (551–1,745 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The town is situated on the wine route at an altitude of 185 meters (607 ft). Scherwiller is located at the mouth of the valleys of Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines to the east, and Villé at north, 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) west of Sélestat, Center Alsace, and 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of Châtenois. The town is part of the canton of Sélestat and district of Sélestat-Erstein. Residents are referred to as Scherwillerois in French. The name was mentioned early in the form Sceravillare or Scerwiller, designating a hamlet on the edge of the Scheer, the former name of the Aubach River, which runs through the village. Scherwiller is located at the intersection of two Roman roads: on an east-west axis the salt road from the Villé Valley, and on a north-south axis a Roman road, two milestones of which are still identifiable in the town itself. This explains the presence of Ortenbourg Castle during the 12th century. Located in the heart of Alsace, the village is built in the middle of a 300-hectare (740-acre) vineyard, extending along the slopes downwards from Ortenbourg and Ramstein castles.
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