Schiermonnikoog National Park

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Schiermonnikoog National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
De Balg - Schiermonnikoog - the Netherlands.jpg
Landscape in Schiermonnikoog National Park
Map showing the location of Schiermonnikoog National Park
Map showing the location of Schiermonnikoog National Park
Map of the Netherlands
Location Schiermonnikoog, Friesland, Netherlands
Coordinates

53°29′21″N 6°13′55″E / 53.4893°N 6.232°E / 53.4893; 6.232Coordinates: 53°29′21″N 6°13′55″E / 53.4893°N 6.232°E / 53.4893; 6.232{{#coordinates:53.4893|N|6.232|E|type:landmark_region:NL-FR_|||| |primary |name=

}}
Area 72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Established 1989
http://www.nationaalpark.nl/schiermonnikoog/default.xml

Schiermonnikoog National Park is a national park in the Dutch province of Friesland. It is founded in 1989. It covers about 72 km2 (28 sq mi), the majority of the island Schiermonnikoog.

Landscape and history[edit]

Map of Schiermonnikoog NP

The island arose during the last glacial period and its shape has been very variable since then. Dominant processes are sand drifting, erosion and sedimentation along the coasts, characteristic for a tidal landscape. In former times, only few people lived on the island, most fishermen. Around 1900, the state started forestry programs to prevent sand drifting. In addition dikes were built to protect the island and its population. Some of the marshes were embanked in the course of time and transformed to polders for agriculture. During the 20th century tourism and recreation became more important and part of the island was designated as nature reserve. At present, we find dunes, forests, polders, tidal flats, marshes and beaches on the island, as well as a small lake and a village.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The island has a very rich fauna and flora. In the dunes we find Common hawthorn, the Common sea-buckthorn, Honeysuckle, on the marhes Sea lavender, Sea Wormwood, Sea aster, Glasswort. On the whole island lichens and mushrooms can be found, as well as many species of insects. On the marshes and tidal flats thousands of birds occur, such as Common redshank, Barnacle goose, Spoonbill, Hen harrier, Oystercatcher, red knot, Bar-tailed godwit, Curlew and European Herring Gull. In the past the Rabbit was very common, but because of the rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD), the species is rare now. In the sea there are Gray seal, Common seal, Eelgrass and many species of seaweeds.

Management[edit]

Natuurmonumenten is responsible for the management of the national park and Rijkswaterstaat for coastal protection. One of the aims of the management is to make the dunes more dynamic. The bird colonies are protected through regulation of the numbers of visitors in spring and summer.

Recreation[edit]

The island is a popular place to visit, especially the beaches. Because the island is isolated, the use of cars by visitors is forbidden and there are very few inhabitants and farmers on the island, it is one of the best protected Dutch national parks. There is a visitors centre in the village of Schiermonnikoog. There is one campground and several hotels and restaurants.

External links[edit]