Schiller–Duval body

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Biopsy specimen of yolk sac tumor with Schiller-Duval body, H&E stain

Schiller–Duval body is a cellular structure seen by microscope in endodermal sinus tumors (yolk sac tumors) which are the most common testicular cancer in children. Schiller-Duval bodies are present in approximately 50% of these tumors, and if found are pathognomonic.[1] They are named for Mathias-Marie Duval and Walter Schiller [2] who described them in the late nineteenth century.[3]

Schiller–Duval bodies are said to resemble a glomerulus.[4] They have a mesodermal core with a central capillary, all lined by flattened layers of both visceral and parietal cells. Immunofluorescent stain may show eosinophilic hyalin-like globules both inside and outside the cytoplasm that contain AFP and alpha 1-antitrypsin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumar, Abbas, Fausto. Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th edition. Philadelphia; Elsevier-Saunders, 2005. 1042.
  2. ^ "Schiller–Duval bodies" at whonamedit.com
  3. ^ Duval M. Le placenta des rongeurs. Journal de l'anatomie et de la physiologie normales et pathologiques de l'homme et des animaux, Paris, 1891, 27: 24–73, 344–395, 513–612.
  4. ^ Kumar, Abbas, Fausto. Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th edition. Philadelphia; Elsevier-Saunders, 2005. 1101.