Schleicher Condor

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Condor
Condor IV in flight.JPG
Condor IV
Role Glider
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co
Designer Heini Dittmar
Introduction 1932
Status Production completed
Produced 1932-1955
Number built unknown, but at least 18

The Schleicher Condor, also referred to as the Dittmar Condor, is a series of German high-wing, single and two-seat, gull winged, gliders that were designed by Heini Dittmar in the 1930s, produced in small quantities before the Second World War, produced again between 1952 and 1955 by Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co and also by Ferdinand Schmetz.[1][2][3]

Design and development[edit]

The first Condor I was introduced in 1932. The aircraft was further developed into the Condor II and the IIA, which replaced strut bracing with a cantilever wing. Following the Second World War the two-seat Condor IV first flew in 1951 and was put into series production by Schleicher.[1][2]

The Condor series was built from wood, with the wooden-framed wing covered in doped aircraft fabric. The Condor IV has a 18.0 m (59.1 ft) span wing that employs a Goettingen 532 airfoil at the wing root, changing to a NACA 0012 section at the wing tip. The wings have balanced DFS-style dive brakes for glidepath control. The horizontal stabilizer is of an all-flying tail design. The landing gear was originally a dolly for take-off, with the aircraft landing on a fixed skid, although at least one was modified to use a fixed monowheel.[1][2][4]

Some sources state that there were a total of 18 Condors constructed,[1][2] while one other says that the total number is unknown, but includes at least 18 Condor IVs built under licence in Argentina.[5]

At least one Condor was converted to a motorglider.[2]

Operational history[edit]

The Condor design was a record-setter from its earliest flights in the 1930s. In 1935 one was flown to a new world distance record of 504 km (313 mi). Condor IVs were flown in the 1952 World Gliding Championships held in Madrid, Spain. During that contest Ernst-Günther Haase set a new world world in the multi-place category for speed over a 100 km (62 mi) triangle of 80.9 km/h (50 mph).[2][3]

Hans Luenger imported one Condor IV-2 to the United States in 1952. After the wooden fuselage was damaged he built a new design replacement from welded steel tube and covered it with doped fabric. The new fuselage included a fixed wheel for landing gear. This aircraft was removed from the US Federal Aviation Administration registry in 2007.[2][6]

Variants[edit]

Condor I
Initial strut-braced, single-seat version introduced in 1932.[2]
Condor II
Improved strut-braced, single-seat version.[2]
Condor IIB
Improved cantilever wing, single-seat version.[2]
Condor IV
Post war two-seat version with a cantilever wing.[1][2]

Aircraft on display[edit]

Specifications (Condor IV-2)[edit]

Data from Sailplane Directory and Soaring[1][2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: one passenger
  • Wingspan: 18.0 m (59 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 21.2 m2 (228 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 15.2:1
  • Airfoil: Root: Goettingen 532, tip: NACA 0012
  • Empty weight: 440 kg (970 lb)
  • Gross weight: 590 kg (1,300 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum glide ratio: 30:1 at 80 km/h (50 mph)
  • Rate of sink: 0.70 m/s (138 ft/min) at 69 km/h (43 mph)
  • Wing loading: 28 kg/m2 (5.7 lb/sq ft)

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Activate Media (2006). "Condor 4 Schleicher". Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Said, Bob: 1983 Sailplane Directory, Soaring Magazine, page 104, Soaring Society of America November 1983. USPS 499-920
  3. ^ a b c Deutsches Museum Flugwerft Schleissheim (undated). "Condor IV". Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Lednicer, David (2010). "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  5. ^ VGC News no. 133, Summer 2011, Vintage Glider Club
  6. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (July 2011). "Make / Model Inquiry Results". Retrieved 23 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Schleicher Condor at Wikimedia Commons