Schleswig Air Base

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Schleswig Air Base
Lockheed F-104 Schleswig Jagel.jpg
A Lockheed F-104 Starfighter of Marinefliegergeschwader 1 on display at Schleswig Air Base
IATA: WBGICAO: ETNS
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator formerly: Royal Air Force,
now: German Air Force
Location Jagel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Elevation AMSL 69 ft / 21 m
Coordinates 54°27′34″N 09°30′59″E / 54.45944°N 9.51639°E / 54.45944; 9.51639Coordinates: 54°27′34″N 09°30′59″E / 54.45944°N 9.51639°E / 54.45944; 9.51639
Map
ETNS is located in Schleswig-Holstein
ETNS
ETNS
Location of Schleswig Air Base

Schleswig Air Base is an airbase of the German Air Force, home to Aufklärungsgeschwader 51 "Immelmann" (AKG 51) flying reconnaissance variants of the Panavia Tornado. It was formerly known from c.1945-1958 as RAF Schleswigland in Royal Air Force use.

History[edit]

Aerial view of the airfield

The airfield in Schleswig/Jagel was founded in 1916 and has been in military use since. During the Second World War, night fighters were based here, including the Messerschmitt Me 262.

After the end of World War II British Air Force of Occupation took control of the field on 6 May 1945, which they called Airfield B.164 . In the Summer of 1945 Hawker Typhoon IBs of No. 121 Wing RAF were based there. In February 1948 RAF Schleswigland became active again as a training field for transport- and glider-aircraft from other stations. RAF Schleswigland was chosen as an operating base for the Berlin Airlift (RAF Codename Operation Plainfare) in the fall of 1948. On 1 November 1948 the first transport aircraft, Handley Page Hastings C.Mk 1s of No. 47 Squadron RAF arrived, which started flights to Berlin on 11 November. No.53 Sqn and No.297 Sqn followed later during the airlift. Civilian companies started using RAF Schleswigland to airlift fuel to Berlin, since Schleswigland was well equipped which underground fuel lines dating from German use during the war. Lancashire Aircraft Corp. started flight on 24 November 1948 which specially converted Handley Page Halifax/Haltons,[1] British American Air Services with Handley Page Halton starting 25 January 1949, Westminster Airways with Handley Page Halton starting 29 January 1949 and Scottish Airlines effective 19 February 1949 with Consolidated Liberator. On 6 October 1949 the last airlift flight operated out of RAF Schleswigland, marking the end of Operation Plainfare.

During the 1950s the 2.TTF was based at RAF Schleswigland with De Havilland Mosquito TT.35 [2] used for target towing. In 1955 King Olav V of Norway visited RAF Schleswigland, since the Royal Norwegian Air Force was using the airfield for training from time to time since the end of the Second World War. The Royal Air Force closed RAF Schleswigland in April 1958 and turned the southern part of the field over to German control. In June 1958 the newly formed German Navy based the Marinefliegergerschwader 1, established on 12 March 1957 as Marinefliegergruppe 1 in Kiel, in what was now known as Schleswig-Jagel. In October 1959, the northern part of the airfield was handed over from the Royal Air Force to the German Navy. But it wasn't until November 1961 when the British left the last building at Schleswigland.[3] (German text only)

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • 10 March 1949, Avro Lancaster B.Mk.1(FE) PA380 of the Central Signals Establishment from RAF Watton required service by a Mobile Repair & Salvage Unit (MRSU) at RAF Schleswigand after unknown accident.
  • On 21 March 1949, Handley Page Halton G-AJZZ of Lancashire Aircraft Corporation crashed 2 1/2 miles from RAF Schleswigland. 3 crew members were killed in the crash. The radio operator was the only survivor.
  • On 5 April 1949, Handley Page Hastings C.Mk 1 TG534 of No.297 Sqr. caught fire during engine start-up, broke in half and was destroyed.[4]
  • On 19 May 1949, Handley Page Hastings C.Mk 1 TG510 of No.47 Sqr. crash landed after undercarriage trouble during take-off. The aircraft was repaired by a Mobile Repair & Salvage Unit (MRSU).[5][6]
  • Unknown date, Handley Page Hastings C.Mk 1 TG573 required service by a Mobile Repair & Salvage Unit (MRSU) at RAF Schleswigand after unknown accident.
  • On 31 Octobre 1953 De Havilland Mosquito T.3 VP351 port undercarriage hit a snow bank.[7]
  • On 24 February 1956 De Havilland Mosquito TT.35 RS717 hit an obstruction in poor visibility.[8]
  • On 20 Novembre 1956 DeHavilland Mosquito TT.35 TA669 crashed during landing.[9]
  • On 17 Octobre 1957 De Havilland Mosquito TT.35 TA686 crashed during take off.[10]

Berlin Airlift casualties at RAF Schleswigland[edit]

  • 15 January 1949, Gd. Eng. Theodor Supernatt. Lancashire Aircraft Corporation. Ground accident with an RAF Hastings.
  • 15 January 1949, Gd. Eng. Patrick Jmes Griffin. Lancashire Aircraft Corporation. Ground accident with an RAF Hastings.
  • 15 January 1949, Gd. Eng. Edward O´Nil. Lancashire Aircraft Corporation. Ground accident with an RAF Hastings.
  • 15 January 1949, unknown German lorry driver. Ground accident with an RAF Hastings.
  • 21 March 1949, Capt. Robert John Freight. Lancashire Aircraft Corporation. Crash of Handley Page Halton G-AJZZ
  • 21 March 1949, Nav Off James Patrick Lewin Sharp. Lancashire Aircraft Corporation. Crash of Handley Page Halton G-AJZZ
  • 21 March 1949, Eng Off Henry Patterson. Lancashire Aircraft Corporation. Crash of Handley Page Halton G-AJZZ

Bibliography[edit]

  • Provan, Davies,Machat, Berlin Airlift-The effort and the aircraft- (Paladwr Press, VA USA, 1998) ISBN 1-888962-05-4
  • Pearcy, Berlin Airlift (Airlife, Shrewsbury, 1997) ISBN 1-85310-845-6
  • Rodrigo, Berlin Airlift (Cassell, London, 1960)
  • Lancashire Aircraft Corporation, Berlin Airlift (Walthamstow Press, Walthamstow, 1949)
  • Allied Museum Berlin, "A Museum Landing" The Biography of the Hastings TG503 ( Allied Museum, Berlin, 2003)
  • Hall, Handley Page Hastings -Warpaint Series No.62 (Warpaint Books, Bletchley)
  • Bingham, Handley Page Hastings & Hermes (GMS Enterprises, Peterborough, 1998) ISBN 1-870384-63-6
  • Senior, Handley Page Hastings (Verdun Publishing, Stamford, 2008) ISBN 978-1-905414-07-9

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Handley Page Halifax C Mk VIII, G-ALBZ, Lancashire Aircraft Corporation". Abpic.co.uk. 1949-06-13. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  2. ^ "RAF Schleswigland, Germany 1945-1958". Peterpickering.com. 1945-05-04. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  3. ^ "CHRONIK DES MFG 1". MFG1.de. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  4. ^ "Handley Page Hastings C1, TG534, Royal Air Force". Abpic.co.uk. 1949-04-06. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  5. ^ "Handley Page Hastings C1, TG510, Royal Air Force". Abpic.co.uk. 1949-05-19. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  6. ^ "Handley Page Hastings C1, TG510, Royal Air Force". Abpic.co.uk. 1949-05-19. Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  7. ^ "RAF Schleswigland, Germany 1945-1958". Peterpickering.com. 1956-02-24. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  8. ^ "RAF Schleswigland, Germany 1945-1958". Peterpickering.com. 1953-10-31. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  9. ^ "RAF Schleswigland, Germany 1945-1958". Peterpickering.com. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  10. ^ "RAF Schleswigland, Germany 1945-1958". Peterpickering.com. 1957-10-17. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 

External links[edit]