Schley County, Georgia

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Schley County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Schley County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 22, 1857
Named for William Schley
Seat Ellaville
Largest city Ellaville
Area
 • Total 168 sq mi (435 km2)
 • Land 167 sq mi (433 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 5,010
 • Density 30/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Schley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. (Schley is properly pronounced "sly", as this is the correct pronunciation of Gov. William Schley, for whom the county is named). As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 5,010.[1] The county seat is Ellaville.[2]

Schley County is part of the Americus, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The County was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 22, 1857, and is named for William Schley, United States representative and thirty-sixth governor of Georgia.

The first county courthouse was built in 1858. The present Schley County Courthouse dates from 1899.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 168 square miles (440 km2), of which 167 square miles (430 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,633
1870 5,129 10.7%
1880 5,302 3.4%
1890 5,443 2.7%
1900 5,499 1.0%
1910 5,213 −5.2%
1920 5,243 0.6%
1930 5,347 2.0%
1940 5,033 −5.9%
1950 4,036 −19.8%
1960 3,256 −19.3%
1970 3,097 −4.9%
1980 3,433 10.8%
1990 3,588 4.5%
2000 3,766 5.0%
2010 5,010 33.0%
Est. 2013 5,089 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,766 people, 1,435 households, and 1,041 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 1,612 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.77% White, 31.28% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 2.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,435 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,035, and the median income for a family was $36,215. Males had a median income of $29,239 versus $19,952 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,981. About 15.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 22.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Routledge. p. 229. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 84°17′59″W / 32.26667°N 84.29972°W / 32.26667; -84.29972