Stolzenfels Castle

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Stolzenfels Castle
Schloss Stolzenfels
Schloss Stolzenfels 01 Koblenz 2015.jpg
Stolzenfels Castle
Stolzenfels Castle is located in Germany
Stolzenfels Castle
General information
Type Schloss
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Town or city Koblenz
Country Germany
Coordinates 50°18′11″N 7°35′31″E / 50.303°N 7.592°E / 50.303; 7.592
Construction started 1836 (today's palace)
Completed 1842
Inaugurated 14 September 1842
Renovated 2011
Client Frederick William IV of Prussia (renovation)
Owner Rhineland-Palatinate Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe
Design and construction
Architect Johann Claudius von Lassaulx (de) and others
Website
http://schloss-stolzenfels.de/

Stolzenfels Castle (German: Schloss Stolzenfels) is a castle or palace near Koblenz on the left bank of the Rhine, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Stolzenfels was a ruined 13th-century castle, gifted to the Prussian Crownprince, Frederick William in 1823. He had it rebuilt as a 19th-century palace in Gothic Revival style. Today, it is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Upper Middle Rhine Valley.

History[edit]

The original castle at Stolzenfels was built as a fortification by the Prince-Bishop of Trier, then Arnold II. von Isenburg (de).[1] Finished in 1259, Stolzenfels was used to protect the toll station on the Rhine, where the ships, at the time the main means of transportation for goods, had to stop and pay toll (later moved to Engers).

Over the years it was extended several times (notably in the 14th century), occupied by French and Swedish troops in the Thirty Years' War and finally, in 1689, destroyed by the French during the Nine Years' War.[1]

The ruin was used as a quarry during the 18th century.

In 1802, the castle became the property of the city of Koblenz. In 1823, the ruined castle was given as a gift by the city to Prussian Crownprince Frederick William IV of Prussia. In 1822, the Rhineland had become a province of Prussia. Frederick William had traveled along the Rhine in 1815, the year when the Congress of Vienna awarded several Princedoms in the area to Prussia, and had been fascinated by the beauty, romance and history of the region. In the spirit of Romanticism, Frederick William now had the castle rebuilt as a Gothic Revival palace. By 1842, the main buildings and the gardens were finished. On 14 September of that year, Frederick Wiliam, since 1840 King of Prussia, inaugurated his new summer residence in a great celebration with a torchlight procession and medieval costumes.[1]

Inauguration of the Gothic chapel occurred in 1845 during a visit by Queen Victoria. Work on the interior of the castle was completed in 1850.[citation needed]

Among those who had worked on the designs for the palace and the gardens were Johann Claudius von Lassaulx (de), Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Friedrich August Stüler and Peter Joseph Lenné.[1][2]

After the First World War, the castle became state-owned. After the Second World War, it was assigned to the Landesamt für Denkmalpflege - Verwaltung der Staatlichen Schlösser, today: Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz, Direktion Burgen Schlösser Altertümer.

World Heritage Site[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Upper Middle Rhine Valley
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, v
Reference 1066
UNESCO region Europe
Inscription history
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)

In 2002, the Upper Middle Rhine Valley became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Site includes Stolzenfels.[3]

Today[edit]

After substantial renovation work the castle and its parks were reopened in 2011. The castle is open to the public.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Das Schloss (German)". Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Das Schloss (German)". Förderverein Schloss Stolzenfels e.V. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "Map of the WHS". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pecht, A., Schloss Stolzenfels (German), Publisher: Burgen Schlösser Altertümer Rheinland-Pfalz, Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Rheinland-Pfalz, Schnell & Steiner, 2011, ISBN 978-3-7954-1974-5

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°18′12″N 7°35′33″E / 50.3032°N 7.59242°E / 50.3032; 7.59242