Schmargendorf

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For the civil parish of the town of Angermünde, see Schmargendorf (Angermünde).
Schmargendorf
Quarter of Berlin
Town hall
Town hall
Schmargendorf  is located in Germany
Schmargendorf
Schmargendorf
Coordinates: 52°28′38″N 13°17′17″E / 52.47722°N 13.28806°E / 52.47722; 13.28806Coordinates: 52°28′38″N 13°17′17″E / 52.47722°N 13.28806°E / 52.47722; 13.28806
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Borough Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Founded 1354
Area
 • Total 3.59 km2 (1.39 sq mi)
Population (2011-06-31)
 • Total 20,009
 • Density 5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes (nr. 0403) 14193, 14199
Vehicle registration B

Schmargendorf is a south-western locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the district (Bezirk) of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. Until 2001 it was part of the former district of Wilmersdorf.

Geography[edit]

Schmargendorf borders with the localities of Grunewald (with Grunewald Forest) in the west, Halensee in the north, Wilmersdorf in the north and east, as well as Dahlem (this one in Steglitz-Zehlendorf borough) in the south. The northeastern border with Berlin's inner city is marked by the Ringbahn line of the Berlin S-Bahn and the Stadtring motorway.

History[edit]

Village church

The village in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned as des or ’s Margreven Dorp (literally English: the Margrave's Village) in 1354, contracted to Low German Smargendorp and later adapted to High German standard as Schmargendorf.[1] It was probably established about 1220 by German settlers in the course of the Ostsiedlung under the co-ruling Ascanian Margraves John I and Otto III of Brandenburg, after the former Slavic territories had been conquered by their great-grandfather Albert the Bear.

During the growth of the City of Berlin after the 1871 unification of Germany, many peasants profited by the real estate speculation, when Schmargendorf on the eastern rim of the Grunewald forest became a popular residential area. In 1899 the former village was separated from neighbouring Wilmersdorf and received municipal rights within the Brandenburgian Landkreis Teltow, whereafter the residents had the lavish Neo-Gothic town hall erected in 1902. On 1 October 1920 Schmargendorf was incorporated into Berlin by the "Greater Berlin Act".[2]

Since 1954 Schmargendorf houses the Berlinisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster, formerly located in Berlin Mitte.

Notable residents[edit]

Transport[edit]

Stadtring and Wilmersdorf power station

At its northern rim Schmargendorf is served by the Ringbahn urban rail stations of Heidelberger Platz (S-Bahn lines : S4 (Ringbahn) + S46; U-Bahn line U3) and Hohenzollerndamm (S-Bahn line S4).

By car it can be reached on the Stadtring motorway (BAB 100), at the Hohenzollerndamm exit (No. 13), and via the Schmargendorf junction (No. 14, former BAB 104) at the exit Mecklenburgische Straße.

Map of the quarter

References[edit]

  1. ^ One can find a comparable name construction with an abbreviated ’s with 's-Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands, being one of the areas from where many then settlers in Brandenburg originated.
  2. ^ (German) Infos on Schmargendorf's page on Berliner website

External links[edit]

Media related to Schmargendorf at Wikimedia Commons