Schmitten, Graubünden

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For other places with the same name, see Schmitten (disambiguation).
Schmitten
Schmitten - Schmitten village
Schmitten village
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Schmitten
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
46°41′N 9°40′E / 46.683°N 9.667°E / 46.683; 9.667Coordinates: 46°41′N 9°40′E / 46.683°N 9.667°E / 46.683; 9.667
Population 249 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 22 /km2 (57 /sq mi)
Area 11.35 km2 (4.38 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,301 m (4,268 ft)
Postal code 7493
SFOS number 3514
Surrounded by Alvaneu, Arosa, Filisur, Wiesen
Website http://www.schmitten-gr.ch
SFSO statistics
Schmitten is located in Switzerland
Schmitten
Schmitten

Schmitten (Romansh: Ferrera) is a municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Schmitten is first mentioned in 1447 as Schmiten.[3]

Geography[edit]

Schmitten has an area, as of 2006, of 11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 25.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 57.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (16.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Belfort sub-district of the Albula District. It consists of the linear village of Schmitten which is located at an elevation of 1,280 m (4,200 ft) on the right side of the Albula valley.

Demographics[edit]

Schmitten Church

Schmitten has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 249.[1] As of 2008, 10.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.6%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Schmitten is; 66 people or 10.6% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 46 people or 7.4% are 10 to 14, and 46 people or 7.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 74 people or 11.9% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 119 people or 19.2% are 30 to 39, 82 people or 13.2% are 40 to 49, and 73 people or 11.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 43 people or 6.9% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 47 people or 7.6% are 70 to 79, there are 21 people or 3.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 0.5% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (33.8%), the FDP (16.6%) and the SPS (7.6%).[4]

In Schmitten about 75.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Schmitten has an unemployment rate of 0.63%. As of 2005, there were 4 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 2 businesses involved in this sector. 42 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 25 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][5]

year population
1623 170
1850 205
1900 249
1950 329
1960 248
1970 233
1980 208
1990 252
2000 244

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Schmittentobel and Landwasser Viaducts of the Rhaetian Railway are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

Languages[edit]

In the 14th and 15th centuries, the area was settled from Davos. Therefore, the municipality is traditionally German-speaking. Despite the neighboring Romansh-speaking villages, the percentage of Romansch speakers in Schmitten has always been well under 10%. (as of 2000), most of the population speaks German (94.2%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 2.1%) and Romansh being third ( 1.2%).[4]

Languages in Schmitten GR
Language Census of 1980 Census of 1990 Census of 2000
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
German 195 93.75% 243 96.43% 229 94.24%
Romansh 11 5.29% 3 1.19% 3 1.23%
Italian 2 0.96% 0 0.00% 2 0.82%
Population 208 100% 252 100% 243 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Schmitten in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 30-Sep-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 30-Sep-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.