Schnaus

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Schnaus
Former municipality of Switzerland
Schnaus.jpg
Coat of arms of Schnaus
Coat of arms
Schnaus is located in Switzerland
Schnaus
Schnaus
Coordinates: 46°46′N 9°10′E / 46.767°N 9.167°E / 46.767; 9.167Coordinates: 46°46′N 9°10′E / 46.767°N 9.167°E / 46.767; 9.167
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Area
 • Total 2.99 km2 (1.15 sq mi)
Elevation 720 m (2,360 ft)
Population (Dec 2011)
 • Total 123
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Postal code 7130
SFOS number 3583
Surrounded by Falera, Ilanz, Ladir, Rueun, Ruschein, Siat
Website
SFSO statistics

Schnaus is a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Schnaus, Castrisch, Ilanz, Ladir, Luven, Pitasch, Riein, Ruschein, Sevgein, Duvin, Pigniu, Rueun and Siat merged into the new municipality of Ilanz/Glion.[1]

History[edit]

Schnaus is first mentioned about 840 as Scanaues.[2]

Geography[edit]

Before the merger, Schnaus had a total area of 3.0 km2 (1.2 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 58.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (8.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. It consists of the village of Schnaus above the Vorderrhein and the exclave of Alp da Schnaus eastward above the Val da Siat.

Demographics[edit]

SSchnaus had a population (as of 2011) of 123.[3] As of 2008, 17.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 43%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh(45.5%), with German being second most common (40.4%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (11.1%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 57.9% male and 42.1% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Schnaus is; 17 children or 17.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 14 teenagers or 14.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 4 people or 4.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 21.2% are between 30 and 39, 14 people or 14.1% are between 40 and 49, and 11 people or 11.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 9 people or 9.1% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 8 people or 8.1% are between 70 and 79, there is 1 person who is between 80 and 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (21.3%), the FDP (16.7%) and the SP (15.3%).[3]

In Schnaus about 57.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Schnaus has an unemployment rate of 4.89%. As of 2005, there were 12 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 10 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][5]

year population
1850 126
1900 123
1950 134
1990 79
2000 99

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 13 December 2014
  2. ^ a b Schnaus in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 January 2014
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]