Schneeberg, Saxony

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Schneeberg
Schneeberg panorama from south east (aka).jpg
Coat of arms of Schneeberg
Coat of arms
Schneeberg is located in Germany
Schneeberg
Schneeberg
Coordinates: 50°35′39″N 12°38′44″E / 50.59417°N 12.64556°E / 50.59417; 12.64556Coordinates: 50°35′39″N 12°38′44″E / 50.59417°N 12.64556°E / 50.59417; 12.64556
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Erzgebirgskreis
Government
 • Mayor Frieder Stimpel (CDU)
Area
 • Total 23.35 km2 (9.02 sq mi)
Elevation 470 m (1,540 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 14,432
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 08289
Dialling codes 03772
Vehicle registration ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP
Website www.schneeberg.de

Schneeberg is a town in Saxony’s district of Erzgebirgskreis. It has roughly 16,400 inhabitants and belongs to the Town League of Silberberg (Städtebund Silberberg). It lies 4 km west of Aue, and 17 kilometres (11 mi) southeast of Zwickau.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Schneeberg lies on the Silver Road in the upper western Ore Mountains. Visible from afar is the prominent church of St. Wolfgang. The heart of the town lies on the Schneeberg, which reaches 470 metres above sea level and is also the town’s namesake. Among the surrounding peaks are the Gleesberg (593 m) to the east and the Keilberg (557 m) to the north.

View of the town from the southwest

History[edit]

Marketplace with Town Hall
Town Hall

Schneeberg’s more than 500-year-long history has been shaped by mining more than anything else, laying the very groundwork for the town’s founding. The original silver mining also yielded cobalt and bismuth mining by the mid 16th century. When uranium mining was being undertaken between 1946 and 1958, the town’s population quickly rose, leading to Schneeberg’s status as a district-free town (kreisfreie Stadt) between 1952 and 1958. Afterwards it once again belonged to the district of Aue.

Amalgamations[edit]

  • 1939 Bergstadt Neustädtel, near which lies the popular outing destinations Gleesberg and Filzteich
  • 1952 Community of Griesbach, northwest of Schneeberg
  • 1999 Community of Lindenau

Population development[edit]

Development of population figures (as of 1960 on 31 December):

  • 1834 - 6,912
  • 1946 - 13,6021
  • 1950 - 32,9322
  • 1960 - 21,561
  • 1971 - 20,889
  • 1981 - 21,174
  • 1984 - 22,318
  • 2002 - 17,383
  • 2003 - 17,541
  • 2004 - 16,632
  • 2005 - 16,568
  • 2006 - 16,380

1 29 October
2 31 August

Culture and sightseeing[edit]

St. Wolfgangskirche

The St. Wolfgangskirche is one of the biggest and architecturally most mature churches built in the Late Gothic style, and is an earlier type of Reformation church construction. Inside are found works by Lucas Cranach the Elder and the Crodel family of painters, whom the Krodel-Brunnen (fountain), demolished in late 2005, commemorated.

Among the other sights to be seen are the neo-Gothic Town Hall, newly built in the mid 19th century, various Baroque buildings and mining memorials.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

In Schneeberg ends Bundesstraße (Federal Highway) 93 from Leipzig, which once led further, across the border, to Karlsbad (now Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic). Furthermore, Bundesstraße 169 runs through the town from Plauen to Chemnitz.

From 1859 to 1952, the town had a railway connection afforded by a 5-km-long spur leading to Niederschlema on the Zwickau-Schwarzenberg-Johanngeorgenstadt-Karlsbad railway line.

State institutions[edit]

Schneeberg is until 31 March 2008 headquarters of the Bundeswehr’s Gebirgsjägerbataillon (“Mountain Rangers’ Battalion”) 571 and Versorgungskompanie (“Supply Company”) 370.

Education[edit]

Schneeberg had at its disposal a lyceum, out of which grew a Gymnasium. Moreover, the town was home to a lace tatting school, an art school, a vocational Gymnasium and a teachers’ college. Schneeberg’s Johann-Gottfried-Herder Gymnasium was chosen in 2004-2005 as “Saxony’s best Gymnasium” in the course of a study by the magazine "Capital". It enjoys an outstanding reputation even beyond Germany’s borders.

Famous people[edit]

Honorary citizens[edit]

  • 2002 - Werner Unger (b. 1922), Heimatforscher (“homeland researcher”)
  • 1992 - Walter Rau (1909-1992), educator
  • 1991 - Gerhard Heilfurth (1909-2006), folklorist
  • 1985 - Werner Kempf (1925-1999), painter
  • 1981 - Karl Schreiter (1903-2001), fireman
  • 1965 - Artur Günther (1885-1974), Heimatforscher and municipal politician

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • Hans Schenck (about 1500- about 1566), sculptor in Berlin
  • Andreas Musculus (1514-1581), professor at the University of Frankfurt an der Oder and Generalsuperintendent of the Margraviate of Brandenburg
  • Ambrosius Lobwasser (1515-1585), humanistic writer and translator
  • Kaspar Eberhard (1523-1575), Lutheran theologian and educator
  • Petrus Albinus (1543-1598), vice chancellor of the University of Wittenberg and Electorate of Saxony historian
  • Veit Hans Schnorr von Carolsfeld (1644-1715), ironworker and founder of Carlsfeld
  • Karl Gottlob Hofmann (1703-1774), Lutheran theologian and historian
  • Christian Friedrich Brendel (1776-1861), mining engineer
  • Heinrich Stölzel (1777-1844), musician
  • Christoph Friedrich Otto (1783-1856), gardener and botanist
  • Christian Friedrich Röder (1827-1900), headmaster, Ore Mountain poet and singer
  • Otto Schill (1838-1918), jurist and municipal politician in Leipzig
  • Prof. Christian Hermann Walde (1855-1906), vocational school headmaster in Saxony and Silesia, textbook author
  • Edwin Bauersachs (1893-1948), Ore Mountain dialect poet
  • Armin Günther (1924-2003), footballer with SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt
  • Egon Günther (* 1927), German film director
  • Enrico Kern (b. 1979), German footballer with FC Hansa Rostock

Famous people who have worked locally[edit]

  • Peter Weidenhammer (about 1480–about 1540), alchemist, introduced blue dye making into the Ore Mountains
  • Andreas Reinhard (1571–1613), master arithmetician and writer of a textbook for mathematical instruction
  • Johann Böhme (1623-1663), sculptor
  • Christoph Gottlieb Grundig (1707–1780), clergyman, naturalist, writer
  • Ernst August Geitner (1783–1852), chemist, physician and inventor of German silver
  • Julius Paufler (1834-1901), town councillor, head of the lace tatting model school, royal lace tatting school inspector for Saxony’s municipal lace tatting schools
  • Carl Schumann (1801-1849), book printer and publisher, composer Robert Schumann’s brother
  • Adam Siber (1516-1584), German humanist and educator

Partner towns[edit]

Schneeberg’s partner towns are:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.