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Schoenoplectus lacustris 260605.jpg
Common Club-rush
(Schoenoplectus lacustris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Schoenoplectus
(Rchb.) Palla
  • Heleophylax P.Beauv. ex Lestib.
  • Pterolepis Schrad.
  • Heleogiton Schult.
  • Elytrospermum C.A.Mey.
  • Malacochaete Nees
  • Pterygolepis Rchb.

Schoenoplectus (Club-rush [Old World species], Bulrush or Tule [New World species]) is a genus of plants in the sedges with a cosmopolitan distribution.[1][2][3] Note that the name bulrush is also applied to species in the unrelated genus Typha as well as to other sedges. The genus Schoenoplectus was formerly consider part of Scirpus, but recent phylogenetic data shows that they are not closely related groups.


Species accepted:[1][2]

  1. Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl. ex J.M.Bigelow) Á.Löve & D.Löve - Tule - Canada, much of the Unite States; northern and central Mexico as far south as Michoacán; Clipperton Island
  2. Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volkart ex Schinz & R. Keller – Chairmaker's Bulrush, Olney's Bulrush - Much of Western Hemisphere from Alaska to Argentina including West Indies; also New Zealand
  3. Schoenoplectus annamicus (Raymond) T.Koyama - Vietnam
  4. Schoenoplectus californicus (C.A.Mey.) Steud. – California Bulrush, Giant Bulrush (Americas) - southern United States; Oregon; West Indies; Latin America from Mexico to Chile and Argentina; Falkland Islands; Easter Island
  5. Schoenoplectus × carinatus (Sm.) Palla - Great Britain, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, Central Asia, Himalayas (hybrid S. lacustris × S. triqueter)
  6. Schoenoplectus confusus (N.E.Br.) Lye - eastern and southern Africa
  7. Schoenoplectus × contortus (Eames) S.G.Sm. - widely scattered locations in United States (hybrid S. americanus × S. pungens)
  8. Schoenoplectus corymbosus (Roth ex Roem. & Schult.) J.Raynal in B.Peyre de Fabregues & J.P.Lebrun - widespread across much of Africa; Spain, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, India, Pakistan
  9. Schoenoplectus decipiens (Nees) J.Raynal - southern Africa
  10. Schoenoplectus deltarum (Schuyler) Soják - widely scattered locations in southern and central United States
  11. Schoenoplectus ehrenbergii (Boeckeler) Soják - European Russia, Gansu, Hebei, Ningxia, Shandong, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan
  12. Schoenoplectus etuberculatus (Steud.) Soják - southeastern United States from Delaware to Texas - isolated populations in Missouri and Rhode Island
  13. Schoenoplectus halophilus Papch. & Laktionov - southern European Russia
  14. Schoenoplectus heptangularis Cabezas & Jim.Mejías - Bioko
  15. Schoenoplectus heterochaetus – Slender Bulrush - Canada; northern and central United States, California
  16. Schoenoplectus × kuekenthalianus (Junge) D.H.Kent - Great Britain; Ontario, Quebec, Oregon, Minnesota, New York, Vermont (hybrid S. tabernaemontana × C. triqueter)
  17. Schoenoplectus lacustris – Common Club-rush, Bulrush - Europe and Asia from Portugal to Sakhalin; North Africa; southern Africa; Eritrea, Yemen
  18. Schoenoplectus litoralis (Schrad.) Palla - central and southern Europe; northern and central Africa; Comoros; Madagascar; southern Asia from Turkey and Saudi Arabia to China
  19. Schoenoplectus monocephalus (J.Q.He) S.Yun Liang & S.R.Zhang - Anhui region of China
  20. Schoenoplectus muricinux (C.B.Clarke) J.Raynal - central and southern Africa
  21. Schoenoplectus muriculatus (Kük.) Browning - southern Africa
  22. Schoenoplectus nipponicus (Makino) Soják - Japan, Korea, Manchuria, Russian Far East
  23. Schoenoplectus × oblongus (T.Koyama) Soják - widely scattered locations in United States and Canada (hybrid S. acutus × S. tabernaemontani)
  24. Schoenoplectus paludicola (Kunth) Palla - South Africa
  25. Schoenoplectus pulchellus (Kunth) J.Raynal - Lesotho, South Africa
  26. Schoenoplectus pungens – Sharp Club-rush, Three-square Bulrush - widespread across North and South America, central Europe, Australia, New Zealand; apparently absent from Asia and Africa
  27. Schoenoplectus rhodesicus (Podlech) Lye - Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  28. Schoenoplectus scirpoides (Schrad.) Browning - eastern and southern Africa
  29. Schoenoplectus × steinmetzii (Fernald) S.G.Sm. - Maine and Wisconsin (hybrid S. heterochaetus × S. tabernaemontani)
  30. Schoenoplectus subterminalis (Torr.) Soják - eastern and western US and Canada, though mostly absent in central regions
  31. Schoenoplectus subulatus (Vahl) Lye - scattered distribution across Africa, Asia, Australia, and some Pacific Island
  32. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla - virtually cosmopolitan
  33. Schoenoplectus torreyi (Olney) Palla - eastern Canada, northeastern United States
  34. Schoenoplectus triqueter (L.) Palla - Europe, Asia and North Africa from Ireland and Canary Islands to Japan; naturalized in Oregon and Washington


External links[edit]

Media related to Schoenoplectus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Schoenoplectus at Wikispecies