Schokland

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Coordinates: 52°38′03″N 5°46′40″E / 52.634183°N 5.777875°E / 52.634183; 5.777875

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Schokland and Surroundings
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Schokland4.jpg
The elevation of the former island is clearly visible
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, v
Reference 739
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1995 (19th Session)

Schokland (municipality Noordoostpolder) is a former island in the Dutch Zuiderzee. Schokland lost its status as an island when the Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from the sea in 1942. The remains are still visible as a slightly elevated part in the polder and by the still partly intact retaining wall of the waterfront of 'Middelbuurt'.

As a result from the increasing sea-level Schokland transformed from an attractive settlement area in the Middle Ages to a place under continuous threat by floods in the 19th century. By that time the Schoklanders had retreated to the three most elevated parts, Emmeloord, Molenbuurt, and Middelbuurt. A major flood in 1825 brought massive destruction, and in 1859 the government decided to end permanent settlement on Schokland. The former municipality of Schokland was joined to Kampen on the mainland.

Today Schokland is a popular archeological site and host to the Schokland Museum. Schokland was the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Netherlands. According to Statistics Netherlands, there are five people living on the former island.

Public transportation[edit]

The nearest railway stations are in Kampen and Lelystad.

Bus service 682 operates from Kampen and serves Schokland.

External links[edit]