Scholes, Leeds

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Scholes-in-Elmet
Main Street, Scholes, Leeds 002.jpg
Main Street, Scholes
Scholes-in-Elmet is located in West Yorkshire
Scholes-in-Elmet
Scholes-in-Elmet
 Scholes-in-Elmet shown within West Yorkshire
Population 2,403 
OS grid reference SE 37766 37254
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Leeds
Postcode district LS15
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°49′34″N 1°25′45″W / 53.826111°N 1.429167°W / 53.826111; -1.429167

Scholes is a village between Leeds and Barwick-in-Elmet, West Yorkshire, England. It is part of the civil parish of Barwick in Elmet and Scholes in the City of Leeds. It is sometimes known as Scholes-in-Elmet to distinguish it from the Scholes, Holme Valley and Scholes, Cleckheaton in Kirklees, West Yorkshire, by analogy with Barwick-in-Elmet and Sherburn-in-Elmet. There is also a Scholes near Oakworth, West Yorkshire. For others see Scholes. Its name is a plural of Old Norse skáli = "temporary shed". In 2001, its population was 2,403.[1]

History[edit]

In the 1800s, Colonel Frederick Trench-Gascoigne (of Parlington Hall, Aberford), owned and rented out a large number of houses, mines, woodlands and farming land in the areas of Scholes, Swarcliffe, Barnbow, Garforth, Barwick-in-Elmet, Cross Gates, and Whinmoor.[2][3]

In the mid-1880s, a previous occupant of the Seacroft windmill, Isaac Chippindale, started the Scholes Brick and Tile Works on Wood Lane, on the border to Swarcliffe. The company's quarry produced high quality bricks with which many houses in the surrounding area were built.[4] Its kilns and house were demolished in the early 1980s, leaving two small fishing lakes, but is still known as "Chippy's Quarry".[5]

Amenities[edit]

St Philip's church

Scholes has several shops including a convenience store and off-licence, two pubs, a library and two churches. The nearest commercial centres are in Seacroft and Cross Gates. The Seacroft Green shopping centre contains amongst other shops a large Tesco supermarket, while the Cross Gates Shopping Centre (formerly an Arndale Centre) contains many high street shops. Other nearby commercial centres include Garforth and Wetherby.

The Barley Corn is a historic Samuel Smiths pub on Main Street, while the former railway station on Station Road has been converted into a pub and restaurant.

Transport[edit]

Scholes lies close to the Leeds Outer Ring Road, the A64 and the M1. Opened on 1 May 1876, a rail connection owned by LNER (London and North Eastern Railway) ran past the eastern border of Swarcliffe and Stanks, which was a part of the Cross Gates to Wetherby line.[6] In 1965, services were withdrawn as part of the Beeching Axe; an informal name for the British Government's attempt to reduce the cost of running British Railways in the 1960s.[7] Local bus services are 64A provided by First Leeds[8] and 63 provided by Centrebus. The nearest international airport is Leeds Bradford Airport, which is 12.4 miles (20 km).[9]

Comparison[edit]

Scholes lies in the LS15 postcode area. Here is a population breakdown of the postcode area in comparison with the UK population.

Category LS15 UK average
Population density (people / sq mi) 43.2 24.9
Gender split (females / male) 1.05 1.05
Average commute 6.1 miles 8.73 miles
Average age 38 39
Home ownership 16% 16.9%
Student population 2.4% 4.4%
People in good health 69% 69%

Location grid[edit]


Climate[edit]

The climate in Scholes is generally relatively moderate.

Climate data for East Leeds (2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
9
(48)
11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14.2
(57.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41)
7.0
(44.6)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
10.0
(50)
7.0
(44.6)
4.0
(39.2)
2.0
(35.6)
6.7
(44)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.61)
46
(1.81)
40
(1.57)
55
(2.17)
43
(1.69)
61
(2.4)
46
(1.81)
44
(1.73)
55
(2.17)
65
(2.56)
62
(2.44)
69
(2.72)
627
(24.68)
Source: World Weather[10]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "SCHOLES (West Yorkshire, Yorkshire and the Humber, Great Britain)". City Population. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Hull, Brian. "The Gascoigne Mines in Garforth". Parlington Hall Website. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Colman, F. S. (1908). "A History of the Parish of Barwick-in-Elmet in the County of York". Barwick-in-Elmet Historical Society. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Isaac Chippindale & Sons, brick and tile manufacturers". The National Archives. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Marshall, Nigel. "The Chippindale Family". pro-patria-mori. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Cox, Tony. "The Leeds - Cross Gates - Wetherby Railway". Barwick-in-Elmet Historical Ssociety. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Development Of The Major Railway Trunk Routes". Railways Archive. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  8. ^ "Welcome to First in Leeds". FirstGroup plc. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "Leeds Bradford International Airport". Leeds Bradford International Airport Company. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  10. ^ "Climate info for Scholes" World Weather, 30 July 2011, web: worldweatheronline.com.

External links[edit]