School Street is a short but significant street in the center of Boston, Massachusetts. It is so named for being the site of the first public school in the United States (the Boston Latin School, since relocated). The school operated at various addresses on the street from 1704 to 1844.
Effectively a southeastern extension of Beacon Street, School Street runs one or two blocks (it is bisected by Province Street on one side) from Tremont Street to Washington Street. Along the way, it passes King's Chapel, Boston's Old City Hall (on the first public school site), and the historic Old Corner Bookstore.
The Parker House hotel, 19th-century meeting place of politicians and literary figures as well as the origin point of several famous local dishes, is also located along the street.
The entirety of the street is part of the Freedom Trail, a red line that leads tourists to historic sites in the center of the city.
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- 1635 - Gaol begins operating in vicinity.
- 1688 - King's Chapel built.
- 1708 - Officially named "School Street."
- 1711 - October 2: Fire.
- 1716 - Governors' Province House in use near School Street.
- 1748 - Latin Schoolhouse built.
- 1750 - John Hancock graduates from Latin School.
- 1754 - King's Chapel rebuilt in stone.
- 1772 - King's Chapel bell installed.
- 1798 - Massachusetts State House built at top of hill in vicinity of School Street.
- 1804 - Union Circulating Library in business.
- 1810 - County courthouse built.
- 1817 - Second Universalist Church consecrated.
- 1827 - Tremont Theatre opens in vicinity of School Street.
- 1833 - Harding's Gallery of art active (approximate date).
- 1844 - Latin School moves away from School Street.
- 1845 - Horticultural Hall built.
- 1854 - Ticknor and Fields publisher in business in the Corner Bookstore.
- 1857 - Benjamin Franklin statue erected in front of city hall.
- 1858 - Boston Five Cents Savings Bank built.
- 1865 - City hall rebuilt.
- 1868 - Charles Dickens stays at Parker House.
- 1872 - November 9: Great Boston Fire occurs in vicinity, just missing School Street.
- 1885 - Hugh O'Brien becomes mayor.
- 1906 - John F. Fitzgerald becomes mayor.
- 1914 - James Michael Curley becomes mayor.
- 1930 - Boston Public Library's Kirstein Business Branch opens off School Street.
- 1958 - Freedom Trail stripe painted.
- 1969 - City hall moves away from School Street.
- 1972 - Maison Robert restaurant in business.
- 1973 - Boston Five Cents Savings Bank rebuilt.
- 1982 - Globe Corner Bookstore in business.
- Past tenants/activities
- Boston True Flag (c. 1852-1864)
- Richard Clarke (merchant) lived on School St., 18th century
- Mrs. Abner Haven's cafe, 19th c.
- Merry's Museum published on School St. in the 1840s
- Moses B. Russell, miniature painter, 19th century
- Antoine Sonrel ran a photography studio, 1860s
- Watch and Ward Society, circa 1890s-1900s
- "School Street". A Record of the Streets, Alleys, Places, Etc. in the City of Boston. City of Boston. 1910 – via Hathi Trust.
- George A. Kyle (1926). The eighteen fifties: being a brief account of School Street, the Province House and the Boston Five Cents Savings Bank. Boston Five Cents Savings Bank.
- Caroline Ticknor (1913), "Old Corner Bookstore", Hawthorne and his Publisher, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, OCLC 756324
- Boston Almanac, 1841, 1847
- Directory of the Charitable and Beneficent Organizations of Boston. Old Corner Bookstore. 1891.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to School Street (Boston, Massachusetts).|
- Henry F. Jenks (1895). "Old School Street". New England Magazine 13 – via Hathi Trust.
Winter view of Franklin statue and City Hall, 19th century, by John P. Soule
Harmoneons performing at Horticultural Hall, 1851
Railroad Jubilee, procession forming at City Hall, 1854 (from Gleason's Pictorial)