School uniform

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A school uniform is an outfit—a set of standardized clothes—worn primarily for an educational institution. They are common in primary and secondary schools in various countries. When used, they form the basis of a school's dress code.

Students of the Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney in uniform, 1950.
Kids in school uniform with their lunch; Bona Espero School, Alto Paraíso de Goiás, Brazil

Efficacy[edit]

A study of uniform wearing in the United States of America published in The Journal of Educational Research by David L. Brunsma, of the University of Alabama, and Kerry A. Rockquemore, of the University of Notre Dame,[1] states:

"The findings indicate that student uniforms have no direct effect on substance use, behavioral problems, or attendance. A negative effect of uniforms on student academic achievement was found."

Sylvan I. Alleyne, Velma LaPoint, Jennifer Lee and Harold W. Mitchell of The Journal of Negro Education stated that little empirical research exists regarding how effective school uniforms are in enhancing academic performance and social environments, and that little research exists regarding teachers' beliefs regarding issues related to dress codes, especially so regarding racial and ethnic minorities.[2] In the United States, literature regarding public school student clothing and behavior cites anecdotal viewpoints from teachers. The literature discussed opinions on faculty, staff, and other employees on how to deal with student dress issues.[3] A 2003 article of The Journal of Negro Education said that research and reports regarding the beneficial impact of school uniforms was not conclusive.[4]

Laws and rulings[edit]

In the Australian state of Queensland, Ombudsman Fred Albietz ruled in 1998 that public schools[when defined as?] may not require uniforms.[5] In the Philippines, the Department of Education abolished the requirement of school uniforms in public schools per DepEd Order No. 45, s. 2008. However, this is in direct conflict with Wikipedia article at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_uniforms_by_country#Philippines. However, a school attire was required under DepEd Order No. 46, s. 2008. The following were "suggested" as proper school attire in the latter order: Polo shirt or t-shirt with sleeves and trousers for males; dresses, skirt and blouse or blouse and trousers for females.[6]

In England and Wales, technically a state school may not permanently exclude students for "breaching school uniform policy", under a policy promulgated by the Department for Children, Schools and Families but students not wearing the correct uniform are asked to go home and change.

High School Kids in Rocester, UK

In Scotland, some local councils (that have responsibility for delivering state education) do not insist on students wearing a uniform as a precondition to attending and taking part in curricular activities.[7]

Turkey abolished mandatory uniforms in 2010.[8]

In the United States, a few states have regulations declaring that public schools must allow students to drop out of uniform policies. Although Section 83 of Chapter 71 of the Massachusetts General Laws appears to prohibit dress codes in public schools by declaring that schools may not "abridge the rights of students as to personal dress and appearance",[9] Section 86 states that "The provisions of sections eighty-three to eighty-five, inclusive, shall apply only to cities and towns which accept the same" [10] and other sections of the law allow schools to impose dress codes, and in fact many public schools in Massachusetts (mostly in the Boston area) have mandatory school uniforms.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David L. Brunsma; Kerry A. Rockquemore (September–October 1998). "Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use, and Academic Achievement". Retrieved 30 November 2007. 
  2. ^ * Alleyne, Sylvan I., Velma LaPoint, Jennifer Lee and Harold W. Mitchell. "Black Educators' Views on Middle School Students' Dress and Uniforms: Addressing Challenges from Commercialism." The Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 72, No. 4, Commercialism in the Lives of Children and Youth of Color: Education and Other Socialization Contexts (Autumn, 2003), pp. 418–426. Available at JSTOR, Available at Questia, Available at EBSCOHost. (cited page 418)
  3. ^ * Alleyne, Sylvan I., Velma LaPoint, Jennifer Lee and Harold W. Mitchell. "Black Educators' Views on Middle School Students' Dress and Uniforms: Addressing Challenges from Commercialism." The Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 72, No. 4, Commercialism in the Lives of Children and Youth of Color: Education and Other Socialization Contexts (Autumn, 2003), pp. 418–426. Available at JSTOR, Available at Questia, Available at EBSCOHost. (cited pages 418-419)
  4. ^ * Alleyne, Sylvan I., Velma LaPoint, Jennifer Lee and Harold W. Mitchell. "Black Educators' Views on Middle School Students' Dress and Uniforms: Addressing Challenges from Commercialism." The Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 72, No. 4, Commercialism in the Lives of Children and Youth of Color: Education and Other Socialization Contexts (Autumn, 2003), pp. 418–426. Available at JSTOR, Available at Questia, Available at EBSCOHost. (cited page: 419)
  5. ^ "Those disgusting School Uniforms (B)". Optionality Magazine. Retrieved 30 November 2007. 
  6. ^ "Is it legal to impose school uniforms?". EduPhil forum. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  7. ^ "Authority Strategic Statement of Inverclyde Education Service". Gourock High School. Retrieved 28 September 2009. 
  8. ^ School uniform requirement to be abolished
  9. ^ General Laws
  10. ^ General Laws
  11. ^ http://boston.k12.ma.us/dept/NEWdocs/SUP-18.pdf[dead link]

External links[edit]