Schramberg

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Schramberg
Coat of arms of Schramberg
Coat of arms
Schramberg   is located in Germany
Schramberg
Schramberg
Coordinates: 48°13′37″N 08°23′03″E / 48.22694°N 8.38417°E / 48.22694; 8.38417Coordinates: 48°13′37″N 08°23′03″E / 48.22694°N 8.38417°E / 48.22694; 8.38417
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Rottweil
Subdivisions Town centre plus three districts
Government
 • Lord Mayor Thomas Herzog
Area
 • Total 80.70 km2 (31.16 sq mi)
Elevation 424 m (1,391 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 20,701
 • Density 260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78142-44, 78701–13
Dialling codes 07422
Vehicle registration RW
Website schramberg.de

Schramberg is a town in the district of Rottweil, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated in the eastern Black Forest, 25 km northwest of Rottweil. With all of its districts (Talstadt, Sulgen, Waldmössingen, Heiligenbronn, Schönbronn and Tennenbronn (since 2006)), it has about 22,000 inhabitants.

One of the streams flowing through the Schramberg valley is the Schiltach. The "Bach na Fahrt", a traditional raft race held on Carnival Monday, is known far and wide and attracts up to 30,000 spectators each year.[2]

Nearby towns and municipalities[edit]

The following towns and municipalities border Schramberg:

Lauterbach, Schiltach, Aichhalden, Fluorn-Winzeln, Oberndorf am Neckar, Bösingen, Dunningen, Eschbronn, Hardt, Königsfeld im Schwarzwald, Sankt Georgen im Schwarzwald, Triberg im Schwarzwald (Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis) and Hornberg (Ortenaukreis).

Geography, communication and transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Schramberg was the terminus of the Schiltach-Schramberg railway, which was formerly an important railway line for freight traffic. The line existed from 1892–1990.

History[edit]

The origins of Schramberg date back to the year 1293, when the locality was first described as "Schrammenberg" ("wounded" or "scarfed hill"). From 1643 Schramberg was the centre of the Herrschaft Schramberg, belonging to Further Austria until 1805. From 1805 Schramberg was part of the Kingdom of Württemberg.

Education[edit]

Schramberg has a Gymnasium, a Realschule, a special school, two elementary schools and three combinations of elementary school and Hauptschule. Additionally there are a vocational school with Berufskolleg, a nursing school, a school for intellectually disabled people and a school for the blind and disabled.

Town twinning[edit]

Industry[edit]

As with many other black forest communities, industrialisation began in Schramberg in the 19th century. The first manufacturers produced stoneware, straw goods and enamel.

In 1861 the Junghans clock factory was founded in Schramberg. At the beginning of the 20th century Junghans became the biggest clock factory worldwide with 3000 employees. Many suppliers, such as spring producers, established their companies in the surroundings of Junghans. Although Junghans is now much smaller, it continues to produce clocks today.

In recent years, companies such as "Kern-Liebers", "Trumpf" and the PCB producer "Schweizer" employ many of Schramberg's inhabitants and commuters from nearby communities.

Notable people from Schramberg[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

Other notable people linked to Schramberg[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Franz Fehrenbacher und Gisela Lixfeld: Stadt im Bild.Schramberg. Sutton, Erfurt 1999. ISBN 3-89702-150-1
  • Erich Keyser (Hrsg.): Württembergisches Städtebuch. Band IV Teilband Baden-Württemberg Band 2 aus "Deutsches Städtebuch. Handbuch städtischer Geschichte". Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1962.
  • Gisela Lixfeld: Momentaufnahmen Schramberg. Ein Lesebuch. Straub, Schramberg 1992.
  • Grosse Kreisstadt Schramberg (Hrsg.): Schramberg. Ein Bildband mit Texten. Mit Texten von Franz Fehrenbacher und Rolf Linkenheil. Eigenverlag, Schramberg 1981.
  • Museums- und Geschichtsverein Schramberg e.V. und Große Kreisstadt Schramberg (Hrsg.): Schramberg. Adelsherrschaft, Marktflecken, Industriestadt. Straub, Schramberg 2004. ISBN 3-9807406-3-3
  • C. Neff, S. Bassing, A. Scheid, C. Jentsch, S. Franger: Emploi du brûlage dirigé pour la protection de l’environnement et l’entretien du paysage – observations sur quelques examples français (Pyrénées Orientales & Gard) et allemands (Raumschaft Schramberg Forêt Noire /Allemagne). In: Alexander Scheid, Christophe Neff, Christoph Jentsch (Hrsg.): Flächenextensivierung im Mittleren Schwarzwald. Ergebnisse und Diskussion der in der Raumschaft Schramberg durchgeführten geographischen und landschafts – feuerökologischen Untersuchungen. (Materialien zur Geographie, Bd. 34). Geographisches Institut der Universität Mannheim, Mannheim 2004. ISBN 3-923750-92-7

External links[edit]

Media related to Schramberg at Wikimedia Commons