|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|• Total||30.63 km2 (11.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||521 m (1,709 ft)|
|Population (December 2013)|
|• Density||78/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Elm, Engi, Glarus, Haslen, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Nidfurn, Schwändi, Sool|
Schwanden is first mentioned in 1240 as de swando.
On 1 January 2011, Schwanden became part of the municipality of Glarus Süd.
Schwanden has an area, as of 2006[update], of 30.6 km2 (11.8 sq mi). Of this area, 32.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 38.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (26.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
Schwanden is located along the roads to Elm, Linthal and Schwändi. It is in the center of the Glarner Hinterland at the confluence of the Linth and Sernf rivers. It consists of the village of Schwanden and to the south is the formerly independent (until 1876) hamlet of Thon. South of Schwanden is the oldest Jagdbanngebiet (literally hunting-banned area) in Switzerland, the Freiberg Kärpf which has been protected since 1548.
The reservoir Garichtisee on Mettmenalp can be reached by cable car.
Schwanden has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 2,392. As of 2007[update], 24.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.9%[clarification needed]. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (82.7%), with Italian being second most common ( 5.1%) and Albanian being third ( 2.9%).
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Schwanden about 60.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
Schwanden has an unemployment rate of 2.18%. As of 2005[update], there were 39 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 1,067 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 45 businesses in this sector. 525 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 92 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Schwanden railway station is on the Weesen to Linthal railway line. It is served by the Zürich S-Bahn service S25 between Linthal and Zurich, and is the terminus of the St. Gallen S-Bahn service S6 from Rapperswil. Both services operate once per hour, combining to provide two trains per hour between Ziegelbrücke and Schwanden.
The Sernftalbus operates an hourly bus service linking Schwanden railway station with communities in the valley of the Sernf river as far as Elm. The service replaces the Sernftal tramway that operated between 1905 and 1969, over a similar route.
- Schwanden in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 14-Sep-2009
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- Canton Glarus population growth (German) accessed 9 September 2009
- "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats" (PDF). ZVV. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "S-Bahn St.Gallen Map" (PDF). S-Bahn. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Ziegelbrücke–Linthal" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Sernftalbus - Fahrplan 2015" [Sernftalbus - Timetable 2015] (PDF) (in German). Autobetrieb Sernftal AG. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "Sernftalbahn". www.eingestellte-bahnen.ch (in German). Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Media related to Schwanden at Wikimedia Commons