Schwanden, Glarus

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Schwanden
Former municipality of Switzerland
Schwanden -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Schwanden
Canton Glarus
District n.a.
47°00′N 9°04′E / 47.000°N 9.067°E / 47.000; 9.067Coordinates: 47°00′N 9°04′E / 47.000°N 9.067°E / 47.000; 9.067
Population 2,392 (December 2012)
- Density 78 /km2 (202 /sq mi)
Area 30.63 km2 (11.83 sq mi)
Elevation 521 m (1,709 ft)
Postal code 8762
SFOS number 1627
Surrounded by Elm, Engi, Glarus, Haslen, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Nidfurn, Schwändi, Sool
Website www.schwanden.ch
SFSO statistics
Schwanden is located in Switzerland
Schwanden
Schwanden

Schwanden is a former municipality in the canton of Glarus in Switzerland. Effective from 1 January 2011, Schwanden is part of the municipality of Glarus Süd.

History[edit]

Schwanden is first mentioned in 1240 as de swando.[1]

Geography[edit]

Schwanden has an area, as of 2006, of 30.6 km2 (11.8 sq mi). Of this area, 32.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 38.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (26.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[2]

Schwanden is located along the roads to Elm, Linthal and Schwändi. It is in the center of the Glarner Hinterland at the confluence of the Linth and Sernf rivers. It consists of the village of Schwanden and to the south is the formerly independent (until 1876) hamlet of Thon. South of Schwanden is the oldest Jagdbanngebiet (literally hunting-banned area) in Switzerland, the Freiberg Kärpf which has been protected since 1548.[1]

The reservoir Garichtisee on Mettmenalp can be reached by cable car.

Demographics[edit]

Schwanden has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 2,392.[3] As of 2007, 24.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (82.7%), with Italian being second most common ( 5.1%) and Albanian being third ( 2.9%).[2]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 59% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to the SVP with 31.6% of the vote.[2]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Schwanden about 60.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[2]

Schwanden has an unemployment rate of 2.18%. As of 2005, there were 39 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 1,067 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 45 businesses in this sector. 525 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 92 businesses in this sector.[2]

The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1574 450
1763 1,148
1850 2,296
1900 2,396
1960 3,020
1990 2,645

Transport[edit]

Schwanden railway station is on the Weesen to Linthal railway line. It is served by the Glarner Sprinter express train to Zurich, and by a regional train between Rapperswil and Linthal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Schwanden in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 14-Sep-2009
  3. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  4. ^ Canton Glarus population growth (German) accessed 9 September 2009

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Schwanden at Wikimedia Commons