Schweizer-Reneke

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Schweizer-Reneke
Schweizer-Reneke is located in South Africa
Schweizer-Reneke
Schweizer-Reneke
 Schweizer-Reneke shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 27°11′S 25°20′E / 27.183°S 25.333°E / -27.183; 25.333Coordinates: 27°11′S 25°20′E / 27.183°S 25.333°E / -27.183; 25.333
Country South Africa
Province North West
District Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati
Municipality Mamusa
Area[1]
 • Total 22.75 km2 (8.78 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 41,226
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 92.5%
 • Coloured 2.4%
 • Indian/Asian 0.5%
 • White 4.3%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Tswana 86.2%
 • Afrikaans 5.8%
 • Sotho 2.2%
 • English 1.8%
 • Other 4.0%
Area code 053

Schweizer-Reneke, sometimes referred to as "Schweizer" is a town of approximately 33,000 people in the North West Province of South Africa. It is the administrative centre of Mamusa Local Municipality.[2]

History[edit]

Schweizer-Reneke was formerly part of the old Transvaal province. Founded on October 1, 1888, the town is situated on the banks of the Harts River, with six regional roads exiting the town. The town is named after Captain C.A. Schweizer and Field Cornet C.N. Reneke. Both men distinguished themselves and were among the ten soldiers killed while storming the stronghold of the Khoi Koi Koranna Khoe and their chief David Massouw on the nearby Mamusa Hill on December 2, 1885 during an action to put an end to cattle rustling in the area. The remains of the stone fortifications of Chief David Massouw can still be seen on Mamusa Hill.

Mamusa means: place of the black rock kopjes or little hills. Also refers to a type of thorn tree.

Economy[edit]

The principal crops of the region around Schweizer-Reneke are mainly maize, sorghum, groundnuts and sunflower seeds. In addition, cattle and sheep farming is practiced in the region on a relatively large scale on the grasslands where the soil is unsuitable for cultivation. Schweizer-Reneke is rich in diamond deposits. This led to large scale private diamond mining in the area.

Wenzel Dam, just north of the town on the Harts River, has been developed into a holiday resort.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the town of Schweizer-Reneke proper has a population of 2,601,[3] while the adjacent township of Ipelegeng has a population of 30,053,[4] giving the urban area a total population of 32,654.

91.5% of the people in the urban area described themselves as "Black African", 5.6% as "White", 2.5% as "Coloured", and 0.4% as "Indian or Asian". 69.8% of the people of the town proper described themselves as "White", whereas 98.4% of the people of Ipelegeng township described themselves as "Black African".

85.6% of the people in the urban area speak Tswana as their first language, while 7.3% speak Afrikaans, 3.5% speak Sotho and 1.7% speak Xhosa.

Education[edit]

The town has public secondary schools:

Hoërskool Schweizer Reneke

Ipelegeng High School

Itshupeng Secondary Schooland

Reabetswe Secondary School

It also has public primary schools:

Laerskool Schweizer Reneke

Kolong Primary School

Ikgomotseng Primary School

Kgatontle Primary School

Tshwaraganelo Primary School

Mamusa Primary School,and

Charon Primary School.

Famous people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Schweizer-Reneke". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Municipal Demarcation Board : Municipal Profiles 2003 : Contact Information for Mamusa Local Municipality Retrieved 15 April 2010
  3. ^ "Main Place Schweizer-Reneke". Census 2001. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Main Place Ipelegeng". Census 2001. Retrieved 2 February 2012.