Science, Evolution, and Creationism

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Science, Evolution, and Creationism[1] is a publication by the United States National Academy of Sciences. The book's authors intended to provide a current and comprehensive explanation of evolution and "its importance in the science classroom".[2] The book, published on January 3, 2008, is available as a free PDF file on the National Academies Press website.[3]

Science, Evolution, and Creationism differs from prior National Academy of Sciences publications regarding creation and evolution in public education and the creation-evolution controversy; it is intended "specifically for the lay public", devoting much of its space to "explaining the differences between science and religion, and asserting that acceptance of evolution does not require abandoning belief in God."[4][5] The book provides statements from notable biologists and clergy members to support the claim that "attempts to pit science and religion against each other create controversy where none needs to exist."[5]

The authors of Science, Evolution, and Creationism, who include Francisco J. Ayala and Bruce Alberts, highlight developments in evolutionary biology and its relevance to the study of emerging infectious diseases, the 2006 discovery of the transitional fossil Tiktaalik, and the application of evolutionary theory in many areas of science and engineering beyond biology.[6]

The book was released as several states, particularly Texas and Florida, considered revisions in state science standards.[7]

Critical response[edit]

The pro-intelligent design organization, the Discovery Institute, states that Science, Evolution, and Creationism "completely misrepresent[s] intelligent design" and "exaggerates the success of evolution".[8] Tony Perkins, president of the Family Research Council, argues that Science, Evolution, and Creationism "ignores" criticism of "Darwinism".[9]

In an interview on NBC, Glenn Branch, deputy director of the National Center for Science Education, called the publication "a definitive statement from a leading scientific authority about the scientific bankruptcy of intelligent design creationism."[10]

Praise for the publication was received from Lawrence Krauss[11] and editorials in Nature,[12] New Scientist,[13] and several newspapers.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine. (2008). Science, Evolution, and Creationism. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press. ISBN 0-309-10586-2. 
  2. ^ National Academies press release "Scientific Evidence Supporting Evolution Continues To Grow; Nonscientific Approaches Do Not Belong In Science Classrooms". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  3. ^ National Academies Press: "Science, Evolution, and Creationism". Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  4. ^ Jay B. Labov and Barbara Kline Pope (2008). "Understanding Our Audiences: The Design and Evolution of Science, Evolution, and Creationism". CBE Life Sci Educ 7 (1): 20–24. doi:10.1187/cbe.07-12-0103. PMC 2262128. PMID 18316803. 
  5. ^ a b New York Times Dean, Cornelia (2008-01-04). "Evolution Book Sees No Science-Religion Gap - New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  6. ^ Reuters "U.S. science academy stresses evolution's importance". Reuters. 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  7. ^ "Science advisers give fresh boost to evolution - MSNBC.com". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  8. ^ "CSC - National Academy of Sciences Report on Evolution". Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  9. ^ Christian Post "Pro-Evolution Book Says Science and God Compatible". Christianpost. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  10. ^ a b "NCSE Resource -- Kudos for Science, Evolution, and Creationism". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  11. ^ "ScienceNOW -- Evolution: Read All About It!". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  12. ^ "Spread the word". Nature 451 (108): 108. 2008. doi:10.1038/451108b. PMID 18185543. 
  13. ^ "Editorial: It's evolution, stupid 12 January 2008 - New Scientist". 

External links[edit]