Office of Science and Technology Policy

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Office of Science and Technology Policy
US-OfficeOfScienceAndTechnologyPolicy-Seal.svg
Agency overview
Formed May 11, 1976
Preceding Agency Office of Science and Technology
Headquarters 725 17th Street, Washington, D.C.
Employees 45
Agency executive Dr. John Holdren, Director
Parent agency Executive Office of the President
Website Office of Science and Technology Policy

The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is an office in the Executive Office of the President (EOP), established by United States Congress on May 11, 1976, with a broad mandate to advise the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs.

The director of this office is colloquially known as the President's Science Advisor. Dr. John Holdren, Director, nominated in December 2008, serves as Science Advisor to President Barack Obama.[1] Dr. John Holdren also co-chairs the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) and supports the President's National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).[2][3]

History[edit]

The OSTP grew out of the Office of Science and Technology which was formed in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy. The office was created to provide advice and recommendation in response to the growing importance of space exploration and the accelerating Space Race that was taking place with the USSR.

The United States Congress established the OSTP in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The 1976 Act also authorizes OSTP to lead inter-agency efforts to develop and to implement sound science and technology policies and budgets and to work with the private sector, state and local governments, the science and higher education communities, and other nations toward this end.

Mission[edit]

The OSTP's mission is set out in the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (Pub. L. 94-282). The act calls for the OSTP to serve as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the federal government.

It further authorizes the OSTP to:

  • Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs;
  • Lead an inter-agency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets;
  • Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security;
  • Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community;
  • Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.[4]

The OSTP handles a broad range of scientific and technological issues within the Executive Office of the President. It participates in a multitude of White House Policy Coordinating Committees (PCC) that are tasked with developing policies for the federal government and are populated by senior officials from cabinet and independent agencies. The OSTP has approximately 45 staff members, most of whom are experienced scientists functioning as assistant directors or policy analysts.

Key staff[edit]

Past Science Advisors[edit]

Name President Term
Vannevar Bush portrait.jpg Vannevar Bush Franklin D. Roosevelt 1939–1945
Harry S. Truman 1945–1951
Oliver E. Buckley 1951–1952
Lee A. DuBridge 1952–1953
Dwight Eisenhower 1953–1956
II Rabi.jpg Isadore I. Rabi 1956–1957
James Killian 1957–1959
George Kistiakowsky ID badge.png George Kistiakowsky 1959–1961
  Jerome B. Wiesner John F. Kennedy 1961–1963
Lyndon B. Johnson 1963–1964
Donald F. Hornig 1964–1969
Lee A. DuBridge Richard Nixon 1969–1970
Edward E. David Jr. 1970–1973
H. Guyford Stever Gerald Ford 1973–1977
Frank Press Jerusalem1953.jpg Frank Press Jimmy Carter 1977–1981
Benjamin Huberman (acting) Ronald Reagan 1981
George A. Keyworth, II 1981–1985
John P. McTague (acting) 1986
Richard G. Johnson (acting) 1986
William Robert Graham, NASA photo portrait, November 1985.jpg William Robert Graham 1986–1989
Thomas P. Rona (acting) 1989
William G. Wells (acting) George H. W. Bush 1989
David Allan Bromley.jpg D. Allan Bromley 1989–1993
John H. Gibbons Bill Clinton 1993–1998
Kerri-Ann Jones.jpg Kerri-Ann Jones (acting) 1998
Neal F. Lane 1998–2001
Dean Rosina M. Bierbaum.jpg Rosina Bierbaum (acting) George W. Bush 2001
Clifford Gabriel (acting) 2001
John Marburger official portrait.jpg John H. Marburger III 2001–2009
John Holdren official portrait small.jpg John Holdren Barack Obama 2009–present

References[edit]

  1. ^ "President-elect Obama announces key members of Science and Technology team" (Press release). Office of the President-Elect. 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  2. ^ "About OSTP: John Holdren". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  3. ^ "About PCAST". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  4. ^ "About OSTP: Department Organization". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  5. ^ Yale’s Handelsman nominated for key U.S. science post > Yale School of Medicine | Yale School of Medicine. Medicine.yale.edu (2013-08-13). Retrieved on 2014-01-14.
  6. ^ "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  7. ^ On The Senate Floor[dead link]
  8. ^ "Nominations sent to the Senate" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-09-16. 

External links[edit]