Muñoz, Nueva Ecija
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
|Science City of Muñoz|
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Muñoz
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Cityhood||December 9, 2000|
|• Mayor||Nestor Lazaro Alvarez|
|• Total||163.05 km2 (62.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP Code||3119, 3120|
|Income class||4th class city|
Muñoz is a city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Central Luzon, Philippines, situated 147 kilometres (91 mi) north of the capital Manila. Due to its rich topography and tropical climate, it is now home to agricultural research and technology centers, committed to the production of information and technological breakthroughs to promote rural development, productivity and food security.
From its lowly origins as “Sitio Papaya”, it was renamed as Muñoz in 1886 in honor of Spanish Governor Don Francisco Muñoz. It was in 1913, under Executive Order No. 72, when Muñoz was declared as a new and independent municipality.
Muñoz is politically subdivided into 37 barangays:
- Bagong Sikat
- Poblacion East
- Poblacion North
- Poblacion South
- Poblacion West
- San Andres
- San Antonio
- San Felipe
- Sapang Cawayan
- Villa Isla
- Villa Nati
- Villa Santos
- Villa Cuizon
From Sitio to Barrio
In 1886, Papaya was changed into 'Muñoz' to honor Don Francisco Muñoz, the province’s alcalde mayor, and the community’s first appointed gobernadorcillo. Muñoz was annexed as a barrio of San Juan de Guimba municipality. Settlers trickled in from Bulacan and the Ilocos Region. In 1911, Factoria (now San Isidro town), the provincial capital, was totally flooded. Muñoz was then considered a possible new capital of the province.
At about the same time, the people of Barrios Muñoz and San Antonio, also in San Juan de Guimba town, and Palusapis in Sto. Domingo municipality, together with Sitios Kabisukulan, Rang-ayan, Mataas na Lupa, Siniguelas, Purok Agrikultura, and Pulong Maragul in Talavera town, were organizing themselves to be separated from their three respective municipalities to become a new independent municipality. They were prepared to construct a municipal hall and a school building for the emerging town.
From Barrio to Town and Science City
Upon recommendation of the Provincial Board of Nueva Ecija, then headed by Governor Isauro Gabaldon, and with approval of then Acting Governor General Newton Gilbert, the organized barrios and sitios were granted independence as a regular municipality on January 10, 1913 under the name of Muñoz. The seat of the fledgling municipal government was positioned in erstwhile Barrio Muñoz. Thus, the municipality of Muñoz was born, and steadily grew to become today an Agricultural Science City in-the-making. logo co-created by M.N.G and M.R.C. of artist club.
Muñoz owes a tremendous lot to its early leaders — Tranquilino Delos Santos, and other homesteaders Luis Ramos, Ambrosio Medina, Cayetano Caisip, Victorino Pornuevo, and Precy Hill Delos Santos. A municipal hall, a church building, and a small public market were erected in Lumang Bayan (now Poblacion North). A road linking the young Muñoz town with the national highway from Barangay Bacal, Talavera was also constructed.
Muñoz continued to attract more settlers. More barrios were established and were named after their peoples’ ideals and aspirations, landmarks, and personalities such as Rang-ayan (prosperity), Linglingay (recreation), Mangandingay (company), Magtanggol (defense), and Villa Isla (in a leader’s honor).
Muñoz was not spared from the pains of the Second World War. Being the last stronghold of the Japanese Imperial Army while scampering to the Cordilleras, the Allied liberation in Muñoz by the joint United States and Philippine Commonwealth forces offensive razed the town to the ground in a matter of days.
The elite families of this city were Alvarez Family, Rodriguez Family, Pacheco Family, Santos Family, Pecache Family, Medina Family, Tobias Family, Ruiz Family, Lopez Family, Agustin Family, and Espejo Family. Some of these families have contributed in building the city stronger and were helpful for the local people of Muñoz.
|Population census of Muñoz|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
National Freshwater and Fisheries Training and Research Center (NFFTRC)
There are many new establishments in Munoz in the past few years. Notable are Friendship Supermarket, Inc (FSi), and the Villa-Mendoza Training Institute, both are now major landmarks on the city.
With a bustling market center with rice trading as a major economic activity, it has transformed into its present status as a Science City by virtue of Republic Act 8977 on December 9, 2000. Being a science city, Muñoz was acknowledged as one of the members of League of Cities of the Philippines and became a pilot city of achieving the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals.
Research and development
The Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) (formerly the Maligaya Rice Research and Training Center (MRRTC)) is found in Muñoz, as well as the Central Office of the Philippine Carabao Center (PCC). The main offices of the Bureau of Postharvest Research and Extension (BPRE) and the National Freshwater Fishery Technology Center, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR-NFFTC) are also based in Muñoz.
Other research and development centers in food security include:
- Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice)
- Central Luzon State University (CLSU)
- Philippine Carabao Center (PCC)
- PHILMECH - Philippine Center for Postharvest Development and Mechanization formerly known as
- Bureau of Postharvest Research and Extension (BPRE)
- Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR)
- National Freshwater and Fisheries Training and Research Center (NFFTRC)
- National Irrigation Administration - Casecnan Multi-purpose Irrigation and Power Project (NIA-CMIPP)
- National Irrigation Administration – Upper Pampanga River Integrated Irrigation System (NIA-UPRIIS)
- Department of Environmental & Natural Resources (DENR)
- Department of Science & Technology – Provincial Science & Technology Center – (DOST –NE )
- Regional Science & Training Center (RSTC)
- Philippine-Sino Center for Agriculture Technology (PhilsCAT)
- National Small Ruminant Center (NSRC)
- Soil and Water Resources Management Center(SWRMC)
- Regional Crop Protection Center (RCPC)
- Ramon Magsaysay Center for Agricultural Resources and Environmental Studies (RMCARES)
- Fruits and Vegetables Seeds Center (FVSC)
- Philippine-Israel Center for Agricultural Technology (PICAT)
- Philippine-Sino Center for Agricultural Technology (PhilSCAT) Bilateral project of the Philippine Department of Agriculture and China’s Ministry of Agriculture (Central Luzon State University (CLSU) campus)
As with most towns in Central Luzon, inter-city transport is through the Pan-Philippine Highway (also known as Maharlika Highway/ Asian Highway 26), the country's principal transport backbone. The principal mode of transport is through Jeepneys with fixed routes, or through tricycles, whom you need to tell where to go.
|LAND UTILIZATION||NO. OF HECTARES|
|Commercial & Industrial||784|
|Forest Hills and Pasture||1,215|
- Elementary and Pre-elementary Schools:
- 34 Public Elementary Schools and more than 37 Daycare Centers
- Accelerated Christian International School
- Guiding Star Learning Center
- Adonai Integrated Montessori School
- Muñoz United Methodist Church Learning Center
- JDS Montessori
- Kelston Montessori
- Hellen Keller Montessori
- Little Lamb Montessori
- Science City Montessori School
- Brilliant Kids Montessori School
- Muñoz National High School
- Muñoz National High School Annex
- Central Luzon State University Science High School
- Agricultural Science and Technology High School
- Palusapis Laboratory High School
- San Sebastian School
- Science City Montessori
- Adonai Integrated Montessori School
- Accelerated Christian International School
- Central Luzon State University
- CLSU Computer Training Center
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Science City of Muñoz.|
- Science City Of Muñoz Official Website
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Inquirer.net, Carabao may be key to biofuel, says scientist
|Santo Domingo / Talavera|