Scientific research on the International Space Station

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Expedition 8 Commander and Science Officer Michael Foale conducts an inspection of the Microgravity Science Glovebox.
European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Thomas Reiter, STS-116 mission specialist, works with the Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems in Micro-G (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station while Space Shuttle Discovery was docked with the station. MELFI is a low temperature freezer facility with nominal operating temperatures of -80, -26 and +4 °C that will preserve experiment materials over long periods.
ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter, STS-116 mission specialist, works with the Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems in Micro-G (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) inside the Destiny laboratory.

Scientific Research on the International Space Station is a collection of experiments that require one or more of the unusual conditions present in low Earth orbit. The primary fields of research include human research, space medicine, life sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology.[1][2][3] The 2005 NASA Authorization Act designated the American segment of the International Space Station as a national laboratory with the goal of increasing the use of the ISS by other federal agencies and the private sector.[4]

Research on the ISS improves knowledge about the effects of long-term space exposure on the human body. Subjects currently under study include muscle atrophy, bone loss, and fluid shift. The data will be used to determine whether space colonisation and lengthy human spaceflight are feasible. As of 2006, data on bone loss and muscular atrophy suggest that there would be a significant risk of fractures and movement problems if astronauts landed on a planet after a lengthy interplanetary cruise (such as the six-month journey time required to fly to Mars).[5][6] Large scale medical studies are conducted aboard the ISS via the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI). Prominent among these is the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity study in which astronauts (including former ISS Commanders Leroy Chiao and Gennady Padalka) perform ultrasound scans under the guidance of remote experts. The study considers the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions in space. Usually, there is no physician on board the ISS, and diagnosis of medical conditions is a challenge. It is anticipated that remotely guided ultrasound scans will have application on Earth in emergency and rural care situations where access to a trained physician is difficult.[7][8][9]

Researchers are investigating the effect of the station's near-weightless environment on the evolution, development, growth and internal processes of plants and animals. In response to some of this data, NASA wants to investigate microgravity's effects on the growth of three-dimensional, human-like tissues, and the unusual protein crystals that can be formed in space.[2]

The investigation of the physics of fluids in microgravity will allow researchers to model the behaviour of fluids better. Because fluids can be almost completely combined in microgravity, physicists investigate fluids that do not mix well on Earth. In addition, an examination of reactions that are slowed by low gravity and temperatures will give scientists a deeper understanding of superconductivity.[2]

The study of materials science is an important ISS research activity, with the objective of reaping economic benefits through the improvement of techniques used on the ground.[10] Other areas of interest include the effect of the low gravity environment on combustion, through the study of the efficiency of burning and control of emissions and pollutants. These findings may improve our knowledge about energy production, and lead to economic and environmental benefits. Future plans are for the researchers aboard the ISS to examine aerosols, ozone, water vapour, and oxides in Earth's atmosphere, as well as cosmic rays, cosmic dust, antimatter, and dark matter in the universe.[2]

Contents

ISS Science Facilities[edit]

ELC-2 on the SSRMS prior to its placement on the S3 Truss.jpg

[11][12][12]
When completed, The ISS will include a number of modules devoted to scientific activity as well as other hardware designed for the same purpose.
Laboratory modules:

  • Columbus
  • Destiny
  • Kibo or the Japanese Experiment Module
  • Poisk or Mini-Research Module 2
  • Rassvet or Mini-Research Module 1
  • Nauka or Multipurpose Laboratory Module (not yet launched)

Scientific hardware not attached to any laboratory module:

Columbus (ISS module)[edit]

Internal scientific hardware:

External scientific hardware:

Destiny (ISS module)[edit]

Kibo (ISS module)[edit]

[22]
Internal scientific hardware:

External scientific hardware:

Poisk (ISS module)[edit]

ISS Small Hardware[edit]

ISS Sub-rack[edit]

[50]

ISS Stowage[edit]

[50]

ISS Mid-deck Locker[edit]

[84]

ISS Mid-deck Locker Insert[edit]

[84]

CSA reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[92]

Experiments[edit]

Funded by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), APEX-Cambium will help determine the role gravity plays in trees forming different kinds of wood.

Radiation monitoring experiment is called EVARM and it was conducted in 2002 and 2003

Fields[edit]

ESA reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

ESA's scientific programme for Life and Physical Sciences is defined by and originates from ELIPS: European Programme for Life and Physical Sciences

[105][106][107]

Life Sciences[edit]

Biology[edit]

Cardiovascular Function[edit]

A description of the experiment and the performance status is given in ESA's Erasmus Experiment Archive (EEA) and in addition a condensed account of the experiements aim and foundation has been provided in ESA's Human Spaceflight Science Newsletter no.1, 2010. The experiment needs 8-10 human test subjects for medical statistics reasons, for it to be completed. The experiment tests two hypotheses that are based on a more than two decades long research in understanding the reaction of the cardiovascular system to exposure to microgravity. The responses that can be observed in Space in the areas of adjustment of blood pressure, resistance in the circulation, tissue fluid filling and urine excretion, etc. do not fit completely with theories. Thus, the new theories for how the observable reactions could be explained.

Cell and Molecular Biology[edit]

Developmental Biology[edit]

Education[edit]

Endocrinology and Metabolism[edit]

Exobiology[edit]

Fluid Balance and Kidney Function[edit]

Human Factors[edit]

Human Physiology[edit]

Immunology and Haematology[edit]

Medicine/Health[edit]

Microbiology[edit]

Muscle/skeletal system[edit]

Neurobiology[edit]

Neuroscience[edit]

[219] [220]

Plant Biology and Physiology[edit]

Psychological aspects[edit]

Radiation Biology[edit]

Respiratory Function[edit]

Physical Sciences[edit]

Aggregation Phenomena[edit]

Atmospheric physics[edit]

Combustion[edit]

Earth observation[edit]

Education[edit]

Electromagnetics[edit]

[265]

Fluid physics[edit]

Foams[edit]

Fundamental physics[edit]

Metal alloys[edit]

Morphological Stability and Microstructures[edit]

Plasma physics[edit]

Properties of organic compounds[edit]

Protein Crystal Growth[edit]

Radiation dosimetry[edit]

Solution Growth[edit]

Space Technology[edit]

Technology[edit]

JAXA reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[314][315][316]

Experiments[edit]

Applied Research Fields[edit]

  • High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC)[329]
  • Applied research core center promotion program New material development (Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF))
  • Applied research core center promotion program Dynamics of Interfaces (Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF))

Human Space Technology Development Fields[edit]

Educational and Cultural Utilization Fields[edit]

Commercial Utilization Fields[edit]

Fee-based utilization of Kibo is available to unrestricted research groups for commercial use. Costs involved in the operation will be paid by each user. The results obtained through the utilization will belong to the user.[317]

Exposed Facility (EF) Experiments[edit]

NASA reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[338]

Human Research[edit]

[339]

Effect of Prolonged Space Flight on Human Skeletal Muscle (Biopsy)[edit]

[340]

Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems[edit]

Crew Healthcare Systems[edit]

Human Behaviour and Performance[edit]

Immune System[edit]

Integrated Physiology[edit]

Neurological and Vestibular Systems[edit]

Radiation[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Biology and Biotechnology[edit]

[400]

Animal Biology[edit]

Cellular Biology and Biotechnology[edit]

Microbiology[edit]

Plant Biology[edit]

Protein Crystal Growth[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Physical and Materials Sciences[edit]

[478]

Combustion Science[edit]

Fluid Physics[edit]

Materials Science[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Technology Development[edit]

[513]

Characterizing the Microgravity Environment on ISS[edit]

Environmental Monitoring of ISS[edit]

Picosatellites and Control Technologies[edit]

Spacecraft Materials[edit]

Spacecraft Systems[edit]

Spacecraft and Orbital Environments[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Earth and Space Science[edit]

[555]

Earth Science[edit]

Space Science[edit]

Other Monitors and Observatories from the Field[edit]

ISS Operations Results[edit]

[565]

Crew-member-Initiated Science[edit]

Educational Activities[edit]

Environmental Monitoring of ISS[edit]

Medical Monitoring of ISS Crew members[edit]

Spacecraft Systems[edit]

Spacecraft and Orbital Environments[edit]

Station Development Test Objective[edit]

Supplementary Medical Objective[edit]

Energia RSC reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[580]

Human Life Research[edit]

[581]

Geophysical Research[edit]

[611]

Earth Resources Sensing[edit]

[620]

Space Biotechnology[edit]

[626]

Technical Research[edit]

[650]

Contract Activities[edit]

[670]

Study of Cosmic Rays[edit]

[708]

Educational and Humanitarian Projects[edit]

[712]

Space Technology and Material Science[edit]

[718]

Foreign Programs[edit]

[722]

Other[edit]

In May 2011, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission STS-134 is due to carry 13 Lego kits to the ISS, where astronauts will build models and see how they react in microgravity, as part of the Lego Bricks in Space program. The results will be shared with schools as part of an educational project.[723][724]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Space Station Overview". ShuttlePressKit.com. 3 June 1999. Retrieved 17 February 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Fields of Research". NASA. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. 
  3. ^ "Getting on Board". NASA. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 December 2007. 
  4. ^ "NASA Authorization Act 2005". United States Government Printing Office. 30 December 2005. Retrieved 6 March 2009. 
  5. ^ Jay Buckey (23 February 2006). Space Physiology. Oxford University Press USA. ISBN 978-0-19-513725-5. 
  6. ^ List Grossman (24 July 2009). "Ion engine could one day power 39-day trips to Mars". New Scientist. Retrieved 8 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Brooke Boen (1 May 2009). "Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM)". NASA. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  8. ^ Sishir Rao et al. (2008). "A Pilot Study of Comprehensive Ultrasound Education at the Wayne State University School of Medicine". Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 27 (5): 745–749. PMID 18424650. 
  9. ^ Michael Fincke et al. (2004). "Evaluation of Shoulder Integrity in Space: First Report of Musculoskeletal US on the International Space Station". Radiology 234 (2): 319–322. doi:10.1148/radiol.2342041680. PMID 15533948. 
  10. ^ "Materials Science 101". Science@NASA. 15 September 1999. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  11. ^ ISS Facilities
  12. ^ a b http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/Discipline.html Facilities List by Discipline Emphasis Summary - NASA
  13. ^ Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC)
  14. ^ Glenn Research Center (NASA)
  15. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_1)
  16. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_2A)
  17. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_3A)
  18. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_4)
  19. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_5)
  20. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_6)
  21. ^ Human Research Facility 2 (HRF-2)
  22. ^ Experiment Facilities onboard [sic] Kibo’s Pressurized Module (PM):Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA. Kibo.jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  23. ^ Ryutai Experiment Rack (Ryutai)
  24. ^ Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) - JAXA
  25. ^ Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) - JAXA
  26. ^ Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF) - JAXA
  27. ^ Image Processing Unit (IPU) - JAXA
  28. ^ Gradient Heating Furnace (GHF) - JAXA
  29. ^ Saibo Experiment Rack (Saibo)
  30. ^ Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF)
  31. ^ Clean Bench (CB)
  32. ^ Biological Experiment Unit (BEU) - JAXA
  33. ^ High Definition TeleVision transmitting system (HDTV) - JAXA
  34. ^ Passive Dosimeter for Life Science Experiments in Space (PADLES) - JAXA
  35. ^ Specification of JAXA Holter ECG
  36. ^ a b Payload Laptop Terminal (PLT) Microgravity Measurement Apparatus (MMA) Utility DC/DC Converter Unit (UDC):Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA. Kibo.jaxa.jp (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  37. ^ Japanese Experiment Module - Exposed Facility (JEM-EF)
  38. ^ Actiwatch (Actiwatch)
  39. ^ BioServe Culture Apparatus (BCA)
  40. ^ Biological Research in Canisters for OptiCells (BRIC-Opti)
  41. ^ Human Research Facility Continuous Blood Pressure Device (CBPD)
  42. ^ NASA - Hand Grip Dynamometer?Pinch Force Dynamometer (HGD-PFD). Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  43. ^ Human Research Facility Holter Monitor (Holter)
  44. ^ Kennedy Space Center Fixation Tube (KFT)
  45. ^ Portable Clinical Blood Analyzer - i-STAT (PCBA)
  46. ^ Radiation Area Monitor (RAM)
  47. ^ Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC)
  48. ^ Urine Monitoring System (UMS)
  49. ^ Vegetable Production System (Veggie)
  50. ^ a b NASA - Facilities List by Hardware Type
  51. ^ Advanced Biological Research System
  52. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility
  53. ^ ARCTIC Refrigerator-Freezer (ARCTIC)
  54. ^ Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller (BSTC)
  55. ^ Biotechnology Temperature Refrigerator (BTR)
  56. ^ Boiling Experiment Facility (BXF) - NASA
  57. ^ Clean Bench (CB) - NASA
  58. ^ Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF) - NASA
  59. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA)- NASA
  60. ^ Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility (CPBF) - NASA
  61. ^ Commercial Refrigerator Incubator Module - Modified (CRIM-M) - NASA
  62. ^ European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS) - NASA
  63. ^ Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) - NASA
  64. ^ Flywheel Exercise Device (FWED) - NASA
  65. ^ Image Processing Unit (IPU) - NASA
  66. ^ Mice Drawer System Facility (MDS_Facility) - NASA
  67. ^ Microgravity Vibration Isolation Subsystem (MVIS) - NASA
  68. ^ Portable Astroculture Chamber (PASC) - NASA
  69. ^ Protein Crystal Growth - Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System (PCG-STES) - NASA
  70. ^ Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF) - NASA
  71. ^ Pulmonary Function System (PFS) - NASA
  72. ^ Portable Glovebox (PGB) - NASA
  73. ^ Refrigerated Centrifuge (RC) - NASA
  74. ^ Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) - NASA
  75. ^ Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (SLAMMD) - NASA
  76. ^ Human Research Facility Ultrasound on the International Space Station (Ultrasound) - NASA
  77. ^ Autonomous Biological System
  78. ^ ADvanced Space Experiment Processor
  79. ^ Astro_Garden
  80. ^ Biological Research in Canisters
  81. ^ Cell Culturing
  82. ^ Group Activation Pack - Fluid Processing Apparatus
  83. ^ Granada Crystallization Facility
  84. ^ a b http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/Facility_Cat.html NASA - Facilities List by Hardware Type
  85. ^ Avian Development Facility
  86. ^ Animal Enclosure Module
  87. ^ General Laboratory Active Cryogenic ISS Experiment Refrigerator
  88. ^ Microgravity Experiment Research Locker Incubator
  89. ^ T-Cell Growth System
  90. ^ Biotube
  91. ^ Kennedy Space Center Gaseous Nitrogen Freezer
  92. ^ "Science on the Station (bottom center of the page)". Canadian Space Agency. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  93. ^ APEX-CAMBIUM - Advanced Plant Experiments on Orbit - CSA
  94. ^ BCAT-5 - Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - CSA
  95. ^ BISE - Bodies In the Space Environment - CSA
  96. ^ CCISS - Space travel can be dizzying - CSA
  97. ^ EVARM - Radiation monitoring experiment - CSA
  98. ^ H-Reflex - CSA
  99. ^ MEIS-2 - CSA
  100. ^ MVIS - CSA
  101. ^ PMDIS - CSA
  102. ^ SODI-IVIDIL - CSA
  103. ^ RaDI-N - CSA
  104. ^ CSA - Canadian Astronauts. Asc-csa.gc.ca (2010-06-01). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  105. ^ "ESA ISS Increment Summary Reviews (2007)". European Space Agency. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  106. ^ "ESA Human Spaceflight Science Newsletter". European Space Agency. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  107. ^ "Erasmus Experiment Archive: SPACE STATIONS MISSIONS". European Space Agency. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  108. ^ Characterisation of the effects of microgravity on the mechanism of action of Vitamin D in Osteoblasts (VITAMIN D) - ESA
  109. ^ Embryonic development of amphibians in weightlessness (AQUARIUS) - ESA
  110. ^ ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD) - ESA
  111. ^ A model for investigating mechanisms of heart disease and mechanisms of activation of sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (CARD) - ESA
  112. ^ Blood pressure circadian rhythms in weightlessness (BMI) - ESA
  113. ^ Blood pressure Measurement Instrument (BMI) - ESA
  114. ^ CARDIOCOG-2 - ESA
  115. ^ CARDIOCOG-2 - ESA
  116. ^ CARDIOCOG-2 - ESA
  117. ^ Cardiovascular adaptation to weightlessness (RHYTHM) - ESA
  118. ^ Effects of microgravity on the peripheral subcutaneous veno-arteriolar reflex in humans. (XENON-1) - ESA
  119. ^ Measurement of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration and blood flow to obtain heart rate variability, blood pressure variability and blood distribution. (SPACE RHYTHMS) - ESA
  120. ^ One-day (24-hour) pattern of blood pressure and heart rate in weightlessness (CIRCA) - ESA
  121. ^ Physiological parameters that predict orthostatic intolerance after spaceflight (AORTA) - ESA
  122. ^ Physiological parameters that predict orthostatic intolerance after spaceflight (AORTA) - ESA
  123. ^ Physiological Parameters That Predict Orthostatic Intolerance After Spaceflight (HEART) - ESA
  124. ^ Studies of airway inflammation during space flight (NOA-1) - ESA
  125. ^ Studies of airway inflammation during space flight (NOA-1) - ESA
  126. ^ Studies of venous gas emboli during extravehicular activity procedures (NOA-2) - ESA
  127. ^ Study of the evolution of cardiovascular deconditioning phenomena under weightless conditions (CARDIOSCIENCE) - ESA
  128. ^ Bone cell mechanosensitivity in weightlessness (FLOW) - ESA
  129. ^ Chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes of astronauts (CHROMOSOME) - ESA
  130. ^ Chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes of astronauts (CHROMOSOMES) - ESA
  131. ^ CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  132. ^ CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  133. ^ CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  134. ^ CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  135. ^ Cosmic radiation and microgravity related oxidative stress (RAMIROS) - ESA
  136. ^ Effects of microgravity on expression of calcium channels in myocyte - MYOCYTE - ESA
  137. ^ Expression of microbial genes in space (GENE) - ESA
  138. ^ Fischer Rat Thyroid Low serum 5% (FRTL5) - ESA
  139. ^ Microbiological Experiment on Space Station About Gene Expression (MESSAGE) - ESA
  140. ^ Microbiological Experiment on Space Station About Gene Expression (MESSAGE) - ESA
  141. ^ Natural killer cell activity in microgravity - NKANatural killer cell activity in microgravity - NKA - ESA
  142. ^ Signalling through Rho GTPases in microgravity (RHO SIGNALLING) - ESA
  143. ^ Yeast In No Gravity - Part 1 (YING-A) - ESA
  144. ^ Yeast In No Gravity - Part 2 (YING-B) - ESA
  145. ^ Effects of the gravity altered environment on Drosophilia motility, behaviour and ageing (AGEING) - ESA
  146. ^ First International C.elegans Experiment: Physiological and genomic study of a nematode worm in space (ICE-first) - ESA
  147. ^ The antibody V(D)J recombination machinery in normal and altered gravity - AMPHIBODY - ESA
  148. ^ A demonstration of Newton´s Three Laws of Motion (VIDEO-2) - ESA
  149. ^ Amateur Radio on ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  150. ^ A test of the basic principles of mechanics (THEBAS) - ESA
  151. ^ Determination of the effect of gravity on the development of a colony of bacteria (WINOGRAD) - ESA
  152. ^ DVD 4 - ESA
  153. ^ Electronic - Learning (E-Learning) - ESA
  154. ^ Erasmus Recording Binocular 2 (ERB-2) - ESA
  155. ^ Erasmus Recording Binocular (ERB) - ESA
  156. ^ Neo-Cartilage Formation in Microgravity Environment (CHONDRO) - ESA
  157. ^ Seeds in Space (SEEDS) - ESA
  158. ^ Study of output of bacterial fuel cells in weightlessness (BugNRG) - ESA
  159. ^ Study of the behaviour of a rigid body rotating around its centre of mass (APIS) - ESA
  160. ^ VIDEO-3 (VI3): Filmed demonstrations of the effects of weightlessness on the human body. - ESA
  161. ^ Cell-Cell Interaction of Monocytes and T-Lymphocytes in microgravity - MIA - ESA
  162. ^ IMMUNO - ESA
  163. ^ Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) - ESA
  164. ^ Neuroendocrine and immune responses in humans during and after long term stay at ISS (IMMUNO) - ESA
  165. ^ Neuroendocrine and immune responses in humans during and after long term stay at ISS (IMMUNO) - ESA
  166. ^ Role of weightlessness on actin metabolism in mammalian cells (ACTIN) - ESA
  167. ^ Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  168. ^ Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  169. ^ Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  170. ^ Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  171. ^ Dosimetry for biological experiments in space (DOBIES) - ESA
  172. ^ Molecular adaptation strategies of micro-organisms to different space and planetary UV climate conditions (ADAPT) - ESA
  173. ^ Photo-and exobiology experiment (EXPOSE-R and EXPOSE-E) - ESA
  174. ^ PRebiotic Organic ChEmistry on Space Station (PROCESS) - ESA
  175. ^ Resistance of lichens and lithic fungi at space conditions (LIFE) - ESA
  176. ^ Resistance of spacecraft isolates to outer space for planetary protection purposes (PROTECT) - ESA
  177. ^ Testing the plant seed as a terrestrial model for panspermia vehicle and as a source for universal UV screens (SEEDS) - ESA
  178. ^ Renal stone risk during spaceflight: Assessment and countermeasure validation (RENAL STONE) - ESA
  179. ^ Cardiac Adapted Sleep Parameters Electrocardiogram Recorder (CASPER) - ESA
  180. ^ Cultural determinants of performance and error management at the International Space Station (CULT) - ESA
  181. ^ Cultural determinants of performance and error management at the International Space Station (CULT) - ESA
  182. ^ Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag) - ESA
  183. ^ Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (ENERGY) - ESA
  184. ^ Bone Proteomics (BOP) - ESA
  185. ^ Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith) - ESA
  186. ^ Physiological analysis of skin in space (SKIN) - ESA
  187. ^ SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO) - ESA
  188. ^ The effect of gravitational context on EEG dynamics: A study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration (NEUROSPAT) - ESA
  189. ^ Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin) - ESA
  190. ^ Blood and Oxidative Stress - ESA
  191. ^ Effects of microgravity on the haemopoietic system: A study on neocytolysis (NEOCYTOLYSIS) - ESA
  192. ^ Monitoring Latent Virus Reactivation and Shedding in Crewmembers (VIRUS) - ESA
  193. ^ PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC) - ESA
  194. ^ Role of interleukin-2 receptor in signal transduction and gravisensing threshold of T-lymphocytes (LEUKIN) - ESA
  195. ^ Space flight induced reactivation of latent Epstein-Barr virus (EPSTEIN-BARR) - ESA
  196. ^ The influence of weightlessness on the activation of NF-κB protein (KAPPA) - ESA
  197. ^ Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (CARD) - ESA
  198. ^ Bacteria Adaptation to Space Environment - Part 1 (BASE-A) - ESA
  199. ^ Microbial Growth Kinetics Under Conditions of Microgravity (Biokin) - ESA
  200. ^ Microbial life in Space: Response to environmental factors in a space vehicle (MICROSPACE) - ESA
  201. ^ Molecular and physiological analysis of bacterial samples isolated from manned spacecraft (SAMPLE) - ESA
  202. ^ SAMPLE - ESA
  203. ^ Study of the composition, physiology and possible adaptation of microbial communities exposed to weightlessness (SAMPLE) - ESA
  204. ^ Crews Health: Investigation on Reduced Operability (CHIRO) - ESA
  205. ^ Hand Posture Analyser (HPA) - ESA
  206. ^ Low Back Pain - ESA
  207. ^ Low back pain (MUSCLE) - ESA
  208. ^ Neo-Cartilage Formation in Microgravity Environment (CHONDRO) - ESA
  209. ^ Response to microgravity of adult stem cells and osteoprogenitors from bone marrow - STROMA 2 - ESA
  210. ^ Study of lower back pain in astronauts during spaceflight (MUSCLE) - ESA
  211. ^ Crickets In Space 2 (CRISP-2) - ESA
  212. ^ The effect of gravitational context on EEG dynamics: A study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration (NEUROSPAT) - ESA
  213. ^ An investigation of space radiation effects on the functional state of the central nervous system and an operator´s working capacity (ALTEINO) - ESA
  214. ^ Cognitive process for 3-D orientation perception and navigation in weightlessness (COGNI) - ESA
  215. ^ Directed attention brain potentials in virtual 3D space in weightlessness (NEUROCOG) - ESA
  216. ^ Directed attention brain potentials in virtual 3D space in Weightlessness (NEUROCOG) - ESA
  217. ^ Evaluation of the orientation of Listing´s plane using the Eye Tracker Device (ETD) - ESA
  218. ^ Evaluation of the orientation of Listing´s plane using the Eye Tracker Device (ETD) - ESA
  219. ^ Measurement by Eye Tracking Device in orientation of the Listings plane (ETD) - ESA
  220. ^ Orientation of Listing´s plane measurement by the Eye Tracking Device (ETD) - ESA
  221. ^ Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space) - ESA
  222. ^ Motion perception: Vestibular adaptation to G-transitions (MOP) - ESA
  223. ^ Motion perception: Vestibular adaptation to G-transitions (MOP) - ESA
  224. ^ On the contribution of visceral receptors to the sense of subjective vertical - ESA
  225. ^ Sleep-wake actigraphy and light exposure during spaceflight (SLEEP) - ESA
  226. ^ Stress, cognition and physiological response during spaceflight. (COGNISPACE) - ESA
  227. ^ Agrospace Experiments Suite - ESA
  228. ^ Arabidopsis Thaliana in Space: Perception of Gravity, Signal Transduction and Graviresponse in Higher Plants (AT-Space) - ESA
  229. ^ Effects of the space environment on the nuclear structure and function of plant root meristematic cells grown in microgravity (ROOT) - ESA
  230. ^ Influence of gravity on the cytoskeleton and the determination of the division plane in plants (TUBUL) - ESA
  231. ^ Study into interaction of effect of light and gravity on the growth processes of plants (GraPhoBox) - ESA
  232. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (GRAVI 1) - ESA
  233. ^ Vine In Near Orbit (VINO) - ESA
  234. ^ Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO) - ESA
  235. ^ http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/space/stories/space-zucchinis-life-and-times-shared-by-astronaut
  236. ^ Special Event Meals (SEM) - ESA
  237. ^ Advanced Dosimetric Telescope on EuTEF (DOSTEL) - ESA
  238. ^ ALTEINO long term monitoring of cosmic rays on the International Space Station (ALTCRISS) - ESA
  239. ^ ALTEINO long term monitoring of cosmic rays on the International Space Station (ALTCRISS) - ESA
  240. ^ ALTEINO long term monitoring of cosmic rays on the International Space Station (ALTCRISS) - ESA
  241. ^ Biodosimetry in astronauts - ESA
  242. ^ MATROSHKA-1 - ESA
  243. ^ Measuring radiation hazards in space (MATROSHKA-2a) - ESA
  244. ^ Measuring radiation hazards in space (MATROSHKA-2a) - ESA
  245. ^ Measuring radiation hazards in space (MATROSHKA-2a) - ESA
  246. ^ Study of the depth dose distribution inside a human phantom using the MATROSHKA facility onboard [sic] the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (MATROSHKA-2B) - ESA
  247. ^ Cardiorespiratory adaptation to the space environment (CARDIORESPIR) - ESA
  248. ^ ESANO-1 - ESA
  249. ^ ESANO-2 - ESA
  250. ^ Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  251. ^ Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  252. ^ Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  253. ^ Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  254. ^ Combustion synthesis under microgravity conditions (COSMIC) - ESA
  255. ^ Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) - ESA
  256. ^ Observation of environmental phenomena (IMEDIAS) - ESA
  257. ^ A demonstration of physical phenomena in space. (VIDEO) - ESA
  258. ^ Amateur Radio on ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  259. ^ Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) - ESA
  260. ^ Amateur radio on the ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  261. ^ Amateur radio on the ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  262. ^ Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) - ESA
  263. ^ Electrostatic Self-Assembly Demonstration (ESD) - ESA
  264. ^ Oil emulsion experiment - ESA
  265. ^ SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers (SOLACES) - ESA
  266. ^ SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements (SOLSPEC) - ESA
  267. ^ SOlar Variable and Irradiance Monitor (SOVIM) - ESA
  268. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL) - ESA
  269. ^ Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow) - ESA
  270. ^ Foam Casting and Utilization in Space (FOCUS)Foam Casting and Utilization in Space (FOCUS) - ESA
  271. ^ Foam-Stability (Foam-Stability) - ESA
  272. ^ Influence of mass transport and surface growth processes on protein crystal perfection (PCDF/PROTEIN) - ESA
  273. ^ Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (CETSOL and MICAST) - ESA
  274. ^ Study of aggregation mechanism and kinetics of ZSM-5 and Silicalite-1 nanoslabs into ZSM-5 / Silicalite-1 hybrid phases under microgravity conditions (NANOSLAB) - ESA
  275. ^ Study of the structure and morphology of zeogrids obtained under microgravity conditions (ZEOGRID) - ESA
  276. ^ Atomic densities measured Radially in metal halide lamps under microGravity conditions with Emission and absorption Spectroscopy (ARGES) - ESA
  277. ^ a b PKE-Nefedov extended research programme Growth of particles under microgravity conditions - ESA
  278. ^ a b PKE Nefedov - MPE
  279. ^ a b Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  280. ^ Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  281. ^ a b PK-3 Plus - MPE
  282. ^ Diffusion coefficients in crude oils (DCCO) - ESA
  283. ^ Defects in biomolecular crystals induced by growth in space and on Earth (PROMISS) - ESA
  284. ^ Granada Crystallisation Facility (GCF) - ESA
  285. ^ PROMISS-4 - ESA
  286. ^ Active monitoring of the UV and ionising radiation conditions (R3D) - ESA
  287. ^ Advanced Dosimetric Telescope on EuTEF (DOSTEL) - ESA
  288. ^ Dose Distribution inside ISS (DOSIS) - ESA
  289. ^ Material Exposure and Degradation Experiment (MEDET) - ESA
  290. ^ Particle Flux Demonstrator (Particle_Flux) - ESA
  291. ^ Study of the depth dose distribution inside a human phantom using the MATROSHKA facility onboard [sic] the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (MATROSHKA-2B) - ESA
  292. ^ Tribology properties of materials in space (TRIBOLAB) - ESA
  293. ^ Under The Background Influence (UTBI) - ESA
  294. ^ Study of aggregation mechanism and kinetics of ZSM-5 and Silicate-1 nanoslabs into ZSM-5/Silicate-1 hybrid phases under near weightless conditions (NANOSLAB) - ESA
  295. ^ Evaluation of a multi-purpose bag specially designed to assist an astronaut to manipulate objects in a weightless environment (MIRSUPIO) - ESA
  296. ^ Functional in-orbit test of a new integrated crew garment system (VEST) - ESA
  297. ^ Heat transfer performances of a grooved heat pipe (HEAT) - ESA
  298. ^ Mouse Telemeter: Calibration of STAR accelerometers (MOT) - ESA
  299. ^ Study of particle spectra and their influence on advanced components (SPICA-S) - ESA
  300. ^ Tactile display aided orientation awareness (SUIT) - ESA
  301. ^ 3D Camera (3DC) - ESA
  302. ^ Analysis Experimentation Implementation Algorithms - ESA
  303. ^ Electric Nose Monitoring (ENM) - ESA
  304. ^ Electronics Space Test (EST) - ESA
  305. ^ Erasmus Recording Binocular 2 (ERB-2) - ESA
  306. ^ Erasmus Recording Binocular (ERB) - ESA
  307. ^ Esperimento di Navigazione per Evento Italiano Dimostrativo di EGNOS (ENEIDE) - ESA
  308. ^ EuTEMP - ESA
  309. ^ Food Tray in Space (FTS) - ESA
  310. ^ Garments for Orbital Activities in weightLessness (GOAL) and Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions: Motion Perception (GOAL/MOP) - ESA
  311. ^ Heart Beat Monitoring (HBM) - ESA
  312. ^ Low Altitude Zone Ionising Observatory (LAZIO) - ESA
  313. ^ Specular Point-like Quick Reference (SPQR) - ESA
  314. ^ JAXA | Space Environment Utilization and Space Experiment. Jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  315. ^ Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA. Kibo.jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  316. ^ List of Kibo experiments by theme and/or facility
  317. ^ a b JAXA, Current Status of Research Themes for Kibo First Phase Utilization 
  318. ^ Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection Marangoni Exp/MEIS (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  319. ^ Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni UVP/MaranGoniat) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  320. ^ Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  321. ^ Pattern Formation during Ice Crystal Growth (Ice Crystal) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  322. ^ Investigation on Mechanism of Faceted Cellular Array Growth (Facet) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  323. ^ Gene expression of p53-regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells after Exposure to Space Environment (Rad Gene) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  324. ^ Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  325. ^ Integrated Assessment of Long-term Cosmic Radiation Through Biological Responses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Space (Rad Silk) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  326. ^ Hydrotropism and Auxin-Inducible Gene Expression in Roots Grown under Microgravity Conditions (Hydro Tropi) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  327. ^ Life Cycle of Higher Plants under Microgravity Conditions (Space Seed) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  328. ^ Regulation by Gravity of Ferulate Formation in Cell Walls of Rice Seedlings (Ferulate) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  329. ^ High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  330. ^ Passive Dosimeter for Life Science Experiments in Space (PADLES) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  331. ^ High Definition TeleVision transmitting system (HDTV) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  332. ^ Current Status of Research Themes for Kibo First Phase Utilization - JAXA
  333. ^ Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  334. ^ Space Poem Chain (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  335. ^ Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  336. ^ Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload (SEDA-AP) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  337. ^ Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb Emission Sounder (SMILES) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  338. ^ NASA - NASA - Space Station Science. Nasa.gov (2010-07-19). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  339. ^ Human Research and Countermeasure Development for Exploration - NASA
  340. ^ Effect of Prolonged Space Flight on Human Skeletal Muscle (Biopsy) - NASA
  341. ^ Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (Bisphosphonates) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  342. ^ Commercial Biomedical Testing Module: Effects of Osteoprotegerin on Bone Maintenance in Microgravity (CBTM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  343. ^ Commercial Biomedical Test Module - 2 (CBTM-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  344. ^ Foot Reaction Forces During Space Flight (Foot) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  345. ^ Effects of Altered Gravity on Spinal Cord Excitability (H-Reflex) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  346. ^ Hand Posture Analyzer (HPA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  347. ^ Renal Stone Risk During Spaceflight: Assessment and Countermeasure Validation (Renal_Stone) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  348. ^ Spinal Elongation and its Effects on Seated Height in a Microgravity Environment (Spinal_Elongation) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  349. ^ Subregional Assessment of Bone Loss in the Axial Skeleton in Long-term Space Flight (Subregional_Bone) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  350. ^ Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS (CCISS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  351. ^ Cardiac Atrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction During and After Long Duration Spaceflight: Functional Consequences for Orthostatic Intolerance, Exercise Capability and Risk for Cardiac Arrhythmias (Integrated_Cardiovascular) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  352. ^ Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Long (Midodrine-Long) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  353. ^ Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Short Duration Biological Investigation (Midodrine-SDBI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  354. ^ The Effects of EVA and Long-Term Exposure to Microgravity on Pulmonary Function (PuFF) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  355. ^ Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Submaximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions (VO2max) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  356. ^ Effect of Microgravity on the Peripheral Subcutaneous Veno-Arteriolar Reflex in Humans (Xenon1) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  357. ^ IntraVenous Fluid GENeration for Exploration Missions (ISS Experiment) (IVGEN) - NASA
  358. ^ Stability of Pharmacotherapeutic and Nutritional Compounds (Stability) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  359. ^ Bodies In the Space Environment: Relative Contributions of Internal and External Cues to Self - Orientation, During and After Zero Gravity Exposure (BISE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  360. ^ Crewmember and Crew-Ground Interaction During International Space Station Missions (Interactions) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  361. ^ Behavioral Issues Associated with Isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of ISS Crew Journals (Journals) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  362. ^ Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Long (Sleep-Long) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  363. ^ Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Short (Sleep-Short) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  364. ^ Human Factors Assessment of Vibration Effects on Visual Performance During Launch (Visual_Performance) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  365. ^ Differentiation of Bone Marrow Macrophages in Space (BONEMAC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  366. ^ Cell Culture Module - Immune Response of Human Monocytes in Microgravity (CCM-Immune_Response) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  367. ^ Cell Culture Module - Effect of Microgravity on Wound Repair: In Vitro Model of New Blood Vessel Development (CCM-Wound_Repair) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  368. ^ Space Flight Induced Reactivation of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus (Epstein-Barr) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  369. ^ Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function (Integrated_Immune) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  370. ^ Incidence of Latent Virus Shedding During Space Flight (Latent_Virus) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  371. ^ Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  372. ^ Nutritional Status Assessment (Nutrition) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  373. ^ Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery (Pro_K) - NASA
  374. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository (Repository) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  375. ^ ELaboratore Immagini TElevisive - Space 2 (ELITE-S2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  376. ^ Promoting Sensorimotor Response Generalizability: A Countermeasure to Mitigate Locomotor Dysfunction After Long-Duration Space Flight (Mobility) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  377. ^ Bioavailability and Performance Effects of Promethazine During Space Flight (PMZ) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  378. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System (ALTEA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  379. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System - Shield (ALTEA-Shield) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  380. ^ Bonner Ball Neutron Detector (BBND) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  381. ^ Chromosomal Aberrations in Blood Lymphocytes of Astronauts (Chromosome) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  382. ^ Dosimetric Mapping (DOSMAP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  383. ^ A Study of Radiation Doses Experienced by Astronauts in EVA (EVARM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  384. ^ Organ Dose Measurement Using the Phantom Torso (Torso) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  385. ^ Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  386. ^ Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (Card) - NASA
  387. ^ Cytogenetic Effects of Ionizing Radiation in Peripheral Lymphocytes of ISS Crewmembers (Chromosome-2) - NASA
  388. ^ Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (Energy) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  389. ^ Neuroendocrine and Immune Responses in Humans During and After Long Term Stay at ISS (Immuno) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  390. ^ Motion Perception: Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions (MOP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  391. ^ Study of Low Back Pain in Crewmembers During Space Flight (Mus) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  392. ^ Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  393. ^ Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space ( ) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  394. ^ Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station (Reaction_Self_Test) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  395. ^ Study of Microbial Communities Exposed to Weightlessness (Sample) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  396. ^ SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  397. ^ Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin) - NASA
  398. ^ Test of Reaction and Adaptation Capabilities (TRAC)(ISS Experiment) - NASA
  399. ^ Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag) - NASA
  400. ^ Physical and Biological Sciences in Microgravity - NASA
  401. ^ Fungal Pathogenesis, Tumorigenesis, and Effects of Host Immunity in Space (FIT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  402. ^ Mice Drawer System (MDS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  403. ^ Avian Development Facility - Development and Function of the Avian Otolith System in Normal Altered Gravity Environments (ADF-Otolith) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  404. ^ Avian Development Facility - Skeletal Development in Embryonic Quail (ADF-Skeletal) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  405. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Human Renal Cortical Cell Differentiation and Hormone Production (CBOSS-01-02-Renal) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  406. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Use of NASA Bioreactor to Study Cell Cycle Regulation: Mechanisms of Colon Carcinoma Metastasis in Microgravity (CBOSS-01-Colon (ISS Experiment)) - NASA
  407. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Evaluation of Ovarian Tumor Cell Growth and Gene Expression (CBOSS-01-Ovarian) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  408. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: PC12 Pheochromocytoma Cells - A Proven Model System for Optimizing 3-D Cell Culture Biotechnology in Space (CBOSS-01-PC12) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  409. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Production of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin by Mammalian Cells (CBOSS-02-Erythropoietin) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  410. ^ Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: The Effect of Microgravity on the Immune Function of Human Lymphoid Tissue (CBOSS-02-HLT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  411. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  412. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Antibiotic Production in Space (CGBA-APS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  413. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Kidney Cell Gene Expression (CGBA-KCGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  414. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Synaptogenesis in Microgravity (CGBA-SM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  415. ^ Microencapsulation Electrostatic Processing System (MEPS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  416. ^ StelSys Liver Cell Function Research (StelSys) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  417. ^ Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - A (TripleLux-A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  418. ^ Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - B (TripleLux-B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  419. ^ Microbial Drug Resistance Virulence (MDRV) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  420. ^ Effect of Spaceflight on Microbial Gene Expression and Virulence (Microbe) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  421. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells (NLP-Cells) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  422. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1A (NLP-Vaccine-1A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  423. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1B (NLP-Vaccine-1B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  424. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1C (NLP-Vaccine-1C) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  425. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 2 (NLP-Vaccine-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  426. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 3 (NLP-Vaccine-3) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  427. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 4 (NLP-Vaccine-4) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  428. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 5 (NLP-Vaccine-5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  429. ^ Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems (POEMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  430. ^ Streptococcus pneumoniae Expression of Genes in Space (SPEGIS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  431. ^ Surface, Water and Air Biocharacterization - A Comprehensive Characterization of Microorganisms and Allergens in Spacecraft Environment (SWAB) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  432. ^ Yeast-Group Activation Packs (Yeast-GAP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  433. ^ Advanced AstrocultureTM (ADVASC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  434. ^ Biomass Production System (BPS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  435. ^ Cambium (Cambium) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  436. ^ Cell Wall/Reverse Genetic Approach to Exploring Genes Responsible for Cell Wall Dynamics in Supporting Tissues of Arabidopsis Under Microgravity Conditions and Resist Wall/Role of Microtubule-Membrane-Cell Wall Continuum in Gravity Resistance in Plants (CWRW) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  437. ^ Gravity Related Genes in Arabidopsis - A (Genara-A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  438. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (Gravi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  439. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing - 2 (Gravi-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  440. ^ Validating Vegetable Production Unit (VPU) Plants, Protocols, Procedures and Requirements (P3R) Using Currently Existing Flight Resources (Lada-VPU-P3R) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  441. ^ Molecular and Plant Physiological Analyses of the Microgravity Effects on Multigeneration Studies of Arabidopsis thaliana (Multigen) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  442. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells - 3: Jatropha Biofuels (NLP-Cells-3) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  443. ^ The Optimization of Root Zone Substrates (ORZS) for Reduced Gravity Experiments Program (ORZS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  444. ^ Photosynthesis Experiment and System Testing and Operation (PESTO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  445. ^ Plant Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (PGBA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  446. ^ Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  447. ^ Analysis of a Novel Sensory Mechanism in Root Phototropism (Tropi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  448. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Extraordinary Structural Features of Antibodies from Camelids (APCF-Camelids) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  449. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Solution Flows and Molecular Disorder of Protein Crystals: Growth of High Quality Crystals, Motions of Lumazin Crystals and Growth of Ferritin Crystals (APCF-Crystal_Growth) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  450. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Effect of Different Growth Conditions on the Quality of Thaumatin and Aspartyl-tRNA Synthetase Crystals Grown in Microgravity (APCF-Crystal_Quality) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  451. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Subfractions in Microgravity (APCF-Lipoprotein) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  452. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Testing New Trends in Microgravity Protein Crystallization (APCF-Lysozyme) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  453. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of the Next Generation of Octarellins (APCF-Octarellins) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  454. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Protein Crystallization in Microgravity, Collagen Model (X-Y-Gly) Polypeptides - the case of (Pro-Pro-Gly) 10 (APCF-PPG10) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  455. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Rhodopsin in Microgravity (APCF-Rhodopsin) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  456. ^ Commercial Protein Crystal Growth - High Density (CPCG-H) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  457. ^ Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystal Growth (DCPCG) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  458. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Enhanced Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar (PCG-EGN) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  459. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Improved Diffraction Quality of Crystals (PCG-STES-IDQC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  460. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Integral Membrane Protein Using Microgravity (PCG-STES-IMP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  461. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Synchrotron Based Mosaicity Measurements of Crystal Quality and Theoretical Modeling (PCG-STES-MM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  462. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Mitochondrial Metabolite Transport Proteins (PCG-STES-MMTP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  463. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System - Crystal Growth Model System for Material Science (PCG-STES-MS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  464. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Engineering a Ribozyme for Diffraction Properties (PCG-STES-RDP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  465. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Regulation of Gene Expression (PCG-STES-RGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  466. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Science and Applications of Facility Hardware for Protein Crystal Growth (PCG-STES-SA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  467. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Vapor Equilibrium Kinetics Studies (PCG-STES-VEKS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  468. ^ Dome Gene Experiment (DomeGene) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  469. ^ Exposure Experiment (Expose) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  470. ^ Fischer Rat Thyroid Low Serum 5% (FRTL5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  471. ^ High Quality Protein Crystallization (HQPC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  472. ^ Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) - Gene Expression of p53-Regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells After Exposure to Space Environment (LOH-RadGene) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  473. ^ Effects of Microgravity on the Haemopoietic System: A Study on Neocytolysis (Neocytolysis) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  474. ^ PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  475. ^ ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  476. ^ Study of Space Environment Effects on PY17 Bacterial Spores onboard [sic] Space Shuttle (Spore) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  477. ^ Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  478. ^ Physical and Biological Sciences in Microgravity - NASA
  479. ^ Smoke Point In Co-flow Experiment (SPICE) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  480. ^ Capillary Flow Experiment (CFE)- (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  481. ^ DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert (DECLIC-HTI) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  482. ^ Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  483. ^ Miscible Fluids in Microgravity (MFMG) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  484. ^ Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment (SHERE) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  485. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  486. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point (BCAT-3-4-CP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  487. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Binary Alloys (BCAT-3-BA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  488. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Surface Crystallization (BCAT-3-SC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  489. ^ Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion (BCAT-4-Poly) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  490. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt (BCAT-5-3D-Melt) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  491. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Compete (BCAT-5-Compete) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  492. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation (BCAT-5-PhaseSep) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  493. ^ Coarsening in Solid Liquid Mixtures-2 (CSLM-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  494. ^ DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert (DECLIC-DSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  495. ^ EXPRESS Physics of Colloids in Space (EXPPCS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  496. ^ Viscous Liquid Foam - Bulk Metallic Glass (Foam) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  497. ^ Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions (InSPACE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  498. ^ Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 2 (InSPACE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  499. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 1 and 2 (MISSE-1_and_2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  500. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 3 and 4 (MISSE-3_and_4) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  501. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 5 (MISSE-5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  502. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 6A and 6B (MISSE-6A_and_6B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  503. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 7 (MISSE-7) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  504. ^ Materials Science Laboratory - Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (MSL-CETSOL_and_MICAST) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  505. ^ Toward Understanding Pore Formation and Mobility During Controlled Directional Solidification in a Microgravity Environment (PFMI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  506. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument - Aggregation of Colloidal Solutions (SODI-Colloid) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  507. ^ Space-Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System (SpaceDRUMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  508. ^ Solidification Using a Baffle in Sealed Ampoules (SUBSA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  509. ^ Zeolite Crystal Growth (ZCG) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  510. ^ and Applied Studies of Emulsion Stability (FASES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  511. ^ Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  512. ^ Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  513. ^ NASA - Technology. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  514. ^ Active Rack Isolation System - ISS Characterization Experiment (ARIS-ICE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  515. ^ Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System (MAMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  516. ^ Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  517. ^ Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air (ANITA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  518. ^ Electronic Nose (ENose) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  519. ^ Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System (LOCAD-PTS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  520. ^ Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System - Exploration (LOCAD-PTS-Exploration) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  521. ^ Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor (VCAM) ISS Experiment - NASA
  522. ^ Avatar Explore: Autonomous Robotic Operations Performed from the ISS (Avatar_Explore) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  523. ^ Avatar - Explore (ISS Experiment) - Canadian Space Agency
  524. ^ Dual RF Astrodynamic GPS Orbital Navigator Satellite (DRAGONSat) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  525. ^ Middeck Active Control Experiment-II (MACE-II) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  526. ^ Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  527. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Microelectromechanical System-Based (MEMS) PICOSAT Inspector (STP-H2-MEPSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  528. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Radar Fence Transponder (STP-H2-RAFT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  529. ^ Elastic Memory Composite Hinge (EMCH) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  530. ^ In Space Soldering Investigation (ISSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  531. ^ Pico-Satellite Solar Cell Experiment (PSSC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  532. ^ Rigidizable Inflatable Get-Away-Special Experiment (RIGEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  533. ^ RIGEX summary - NASA
  534. ^ DTIC paper on RIGEX
  535. ^ Boiling eXperiment Facility - Microheater Array Boiling Experiment (BXF-MABE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  536. ^ Boiling eXperiment Facility - Nucleate Pool Boiling eXperiment (BXF-NPBX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  537. ^ Dust and Aerosol Measurement Feasibility Test (DAFT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  538. ^ Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  539. ^ Maui Analysis of Upper Atmospheric Injections (MAUI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  540. ^ Multi-User Droplet Combustion Apparatus - Flame Extinguishment Experiment (MDCA-FLEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  541. ^ Smoke and Aerosol Measurement Experiment (SAME) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  542. ^ Space Communications and Navigation Testbed (SCAN_Testbed) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  543. ^ Shuttle Exhaust Ion Turbulence Experiments (SEITE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  544. ^ Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Localized Exhaust Experiments (SIMPLEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  545. ^ Serial Network Flow Monitor (SNFM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  546. ^ Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment - 2 (ANDE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  547. ^ Ram Burn Observations (RAMBO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  548. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment (STP-H2-ANDE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  549. ^ DEBris In Orbit Evaluator - 2 (DEBIE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  550. ^ EuTEF Thermometer (EuTemp) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  551. ^ Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  552. ^ Activation and Test Downlink of HDTV System (JAXA-HDTV) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  553. ^ Particle Flux Demonstrator (Particle_Flux) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  554. ^ Tribology Laboratory (TriboLab) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  555. ^ NASA - Observing the Earth and Educational Activities. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  556. ^ Agricultural Camera (AgCam) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  557. ^ Crew Earth Observations (CEO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  558. ^ Crew Earth Observations - International Polar Year (CEO-IPY) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  559. ^ Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02 (AMS-02) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  560. ^ DOSimetry TELescopes (DOSTEL) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  561. ^ Flux (Phi) Probe EXperiment - Time resolved Measurement of Atomic Oxygen (FIPEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  562. ^ HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HREP-HICO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  563. ^ HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS) (HREP-RAIDS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  564. ^ RaDI-N (RaDI-N) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  565. ^ NASA - Results from ISS Operations. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  566. ^ Science of Opportunity (Saturday_Morning_Science) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  567. ^ Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  568. ^ Education - How Solar Cells Work (Education-Solar_Cells) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  569. ^ International Space Station Inflight Education Downlinks (Inflight_Education_Downlinks) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  570. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' - Dosimetry (ALTEA-Dosi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  571. ^ International Space Station Acoustic Measurement Program (ISS_Acoustics) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  572. ^ Clinical Nutrition Assessment of ISS Astronauts, SMO-016E (Clinical_Nutrition_Assessment) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  573. ^ International Space Station Zero-Propellant Maneuver (ZPM) Demonstration (ZPM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  574. ^ Analysis of International Space Station Plasma Interaction (Plasma_Interaction_Model) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  575. ^ Validation of On-Orbit Methodology for the Assessment of Cardiac Function and Changes in the Circulating Volume Using Ultrasound and Braslet-M Occlusion Cuffs, SDTO 17011 U/R (Braslet) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  576. ^ Component Repair Experiment - 1, SDTO 17012U (CRE-1) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  577. ^ Soldering in Reduced Gravity Experiment, SDTO 17003-U (SoRGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  578. ^ Solid State Lighting Module, SDTO 15008U (SSLM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  579. ^ Periodic Fitness Evaluation with Oxygen Uptake Measurement (PFE-OUM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  580. ^ S.P. Korolev RSC Energia - International Space Station. Energia.ru (2000-11-02). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  581. ^ Human Life Research on ISS Russian Segment - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  582. ^ Sprut-MBI (ISS Experiment)] - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  583. ^ Parodont (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  584. ^ Cardio-ODNT (ISS Experiment)- S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  585. ^ Mass Transfer (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  586. ^ Prognos (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  587. ^ Brados (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  588. ^ Farma (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  589. ^ Poligen (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  590. ^ Diurez (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  591. ^ Biotest (ISS Experiment)- S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  592. ^ Biotest-1 (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  593. ^ Profilaktika (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  594. ^ Pulse (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  595. ^ BIMS (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  596. ^ Biorisk (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  597. ^ Rastenia-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  598. ^ Pilot (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  599. ^ Intercellular Interaction (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  600. ^ Gematologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  601. ^ Plasmida (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  602. ^ Statokonia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  603. ^ Regeneratsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  604. ^ Akvarium (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  605. ^ Sonokard (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  606. ^ Vzaimodeystviye (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  607. ^ Dykhanie (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  608. ^ Pneumocard (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  609. ^ Rastenia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  610. ^ Tipologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  611. ^ Geophysical Research - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  612. ^ Uragan (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  613. ^ Relaksatsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  614. ^ Molnyia-SM (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  615. ^ Vsplesk (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  616. ^ Impuls (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  617. ^ Plazma-Progress (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  618. ^ Plazma-MKS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  619. ^ Ten’-Mayak (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  620. ^ Earth Resources Sensing - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  621. ^ Diatomeya (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  622. ^ Volny (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  623. ^ Rusalka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  624. ^ Seiner (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  625. ^ Ekon (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  626. ^ Space Biotechnology - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  627. ^ CPCF-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  628. ^ Mimetik-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  629. ^ Biodegradation (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  630. ^ Conjugation (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  631. ^ MSK (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  632. ^ KAF (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  633. ^ Vaktsina-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  634. ^ Bioekologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  635. ^ Interleukin-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  636. ^ Bioemulsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  637. ^ Glikoproteid (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  638. ^ Biotrek (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  639. ^ Antigen (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  640. ^ Lactolen (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  641. ^ ARIL (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  642. ^ OChB (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  643. ^ Astrovaktsina (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  644. ^ Zhenshen-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  645. ^ Kaskad (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  646. ^ BIF (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  647. ^ Bakteriofag (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  648. ^ Structura (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  649. ^ Konstanta (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  650. ^ Technical Research - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  651. ^ Tenzor (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  652. ^ Iskazhenye (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  653. ^ Privyazka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  654. ^ Identificatsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  655. ^ Izgib (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  656. ^ Infrazvuk-M (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  657. ^ Meteoroid (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  658. ^ Vektor-T (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  659. ^ Scorpion (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  660. ^ Kromka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  661. ^ Acoustika-M (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  662. ^ Toksichnost (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  663. ^ Radioskaf (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  664. ^ Sreda-MKS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  665. ^ Infotekh (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  666. ^ Kontur (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  667. ^ Veterok (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  668. ^ BAR (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  669. ^ Expert (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  670. ^ Contract Activities - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  671. ^ GTS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  672. ^ GTS-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  673. ^ Vzglyad (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  674. ^ Biosfera (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  675. ^ LEGO (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  676. ^ Popular Mechanics (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  677. ^ MPAC & SEED (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  678. ^ HDTV (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  679. ^ Starmail (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  680. ^ GCF-JAXA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  681. ^ ROKVISS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  682. ^ Neurocog (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  683. ^ Cardiocog (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  684. ^ Neurocog-3 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  685. ^ JAXA 3DPC (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  686. ^ JAXA 3DPC-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  687. ^ SCN (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  688. ^ Cardiocog-4 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  689. ^ NOA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  690. ^ IMMUNO (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  691. ^ Golf (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  692. ^ Myocite (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  693. ^ Stroma (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  694. ^ Amphybody (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  695. ^ Tubul (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  696. ^ MIA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  697. ^ NKA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  698. ^ Bioculture (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  699. ^ Altcriss (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  700. ^ Cult (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  701. ^ Sample-LDM (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  702. ^ AT-SPACE (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  703. ^ BIOKIN 4 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  704. ^ PKINASE (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  705. ^ EXPOSE-R (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  706. ^ Pille-Simonyi-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  707. ^ Sample (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  708. ^ Study of Cosmic Rays - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  709. ^ Platan (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  710. ^ BTN-Neutron (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  711. ^ Matryoshka-R (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  712. ^ Educational and Humanitarian Projects - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  713. ^ Kolibry Project (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  714. ^ Konstructor Project (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  715. ^ MATI-75 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  716. ^ MAI-75 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  717. ^ Fizika-Obrazovanie (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  718. ^ Space Technology and Material Science - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  719. ^ SVS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  720. ^ Kristallizator (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  721. ^ Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  722. ^ Foreign Programs - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  723. ^ Banks, Dave (2011-04-28). "Space Shuttle Endeavour Launches Tomorrow With a Special Payload". Wired News. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  724. ^ Eaton, Kit (2011-04-29). "Space Shuttle Endeavour: Made Of Spare Parts". Fast Company. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 

External links[edit]