Scientific research on the International Space Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Expedition 8 Commander and Science Officer Michael Foale conducts an inspection of the Microgravity Science Glovebox.
European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Thomas Reiter, STS-116 mission specialist, works with the Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems in Micro-G (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station while Space Shuttle Discovery was docked with the station. MELFI is a low temperature freezer facility with nominal operating temperatures of -80, -26 and +4 °C that will preserve experiment materials over long periods.
ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter, STS-116 mission specialist, works with the Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems in Micro-G (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) inside the Destiny laboratory.

Scientific Research on the International Space Station is a collection of experiments that require one or more of the unusual conditions present in low Earth orbit. The primary fields of research include human research, space medicine, life sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology.[1][2][3] The 2005 NASA Authorization Act designated the American segment of the International Space Station as a national laboratory with the goal of increasing the use of the ISS by other federal agencies and the private sector.[4]

Research on the ISS improves knowledge about the effects of long-term space exposure on the human body. Subjects currently under study include muscle atrophy, bone loss, and fluid shift. The data will be used to determine whether space colonisation and lengthy human spaceflight are feasible. As of 2006, data on bone loss and muscular atrophy suggest that there would be a significant risk of fractures and movement problems if astronauts landed on a planet after a lengthy interplanetary cruise (such as the six-month journey time required to fly to Mars).[5][6] Large scale medical studies are conducted aboard the ISS via the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI). Prominent among these is the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity study in which astronauts (including former ISS Commanders Leroy Chiao and Gennady Padalka) perform ultrasound scans under the guidance of remote experts. The study considers the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions in space. Usually, there is no physician on board the ISS, and diagnosis of medical conditions is a challenge. It is anticipated that remotely guided ultrasound scans will have application on Earth in emergency and rural care situations where access to a trained physician is difficult.[7][8][9]

Researchers are investigating the effect of the station's near-weightless environment on the evolution, development, growth and internal processes of plants and animals. In response to some of this data, NASA wants to investigate microgravity's effects on the growth of three-dimensional, human-like tissues, and the unusual protein crystals that can be formed in space.[2]

The investigation of the physics of fluids in microgravity will allow researchers to model the behaviour of fluids better. Because fluids can be almost completely combined in microgravity, physicists investigate fluids that do not mix well on Earth. In addition, an examination of reactions that are slowed by low gravity and temperatures will give scientists a deeper understanding of superconductivity.[2]

The study of materials science is an important ISS research activity, with the objective of reaping economic benefits through the improvement of techniques used on the ground.[10] Other areas of interest include the effect of the low gravity environment on combustion, through the study of the efficiency of burning and control of emissions and pollutants. These findings may improve our knowledge about energy production, and lead to economic and environmental benefits. Future plans are for the researchers aboard the ISS to examine aerosols, ozone, water vapour, and oxides in Earth's atmosphere, as well as cosmic rays, cosmic dust, antimatter, and dark matter in the universe.[2]

Contents

ISS Science Facilities[edit]

ELC-2 on the SSRMS prior to its placement on the S3 Truss.jpg

[11][12][12]
When completed, The ISS will include a number of modules devoted to scientific activity as well as other hardware designed for the same purpose.
Laboratory modules:

  • Columbus
  • Destiny
  • Kibo or the Japanese Experiment Module
  • Poisk or Mini-Research Module 2
  • Rassvet or Mini-Research Module 1
  • Nauka or Multipurpose Laboratory Module (not yet launched)

Scientific hardware not attached to any laboratory module:

Columbus (ISS module)[edit]

Internal scientific hardware:

External scientific hardware:

Destiny (ISS module)[edit]

Kibo (ISS module)[edit]

[22]
Internal scientific hardware:

External scientific hardware:

Poisk (ISS module)[edit]

ISS Small Hardware[edit]

ISS Sub-rack[edit]

[50]

ISS Stowage[edit]

[50]

ISS Mid-deck Locker[edit]

[84]

ISS Mid-deck Locker Insert[edit]

[84]


JAXA reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[92][93][94]

Experiments[edit]

Applied Research Fields[edit]

  • High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC)[107]
  • Applied research core center promotion program New material development (Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF))
  • Applied research core center promotion program Dynamics of Interfaces (Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF))

Human Space Technology Development Fields[edit]

Educational and Cultural Utilization Fields[edit]

Commercial Utilization Fields[edit]

Fee-based utilization of Kibo is available to unrestricted research groups for commercial use. Costs involved in the operation will be paid by each user. The results obtained through the utilization will belong to the user.[95]

Exposed Facility (EF) Experiments[edit]

NASA reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[116]

Human Research[edit]

[117]

Effect of Prolonged Space Flight on Human Skeletal Muscle (Biopsy)[edit]

[118]

Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems[edit]

Crew Healthcare Systems[edit]

Human Behaviour and Performance[edit]

Immune System[edit]

Integrated Physiology[edit]

Neurological and Vestibular Systems[edit]

Radiation[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Biology and Biotechnology[edit]

[178]

Animal Biology[edit]

Cellular Biology and Biotechnology[edit]

Microbiology[edit]

Plant Biology[edit]

Protein Crystal Growth[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Physical and Materials Sciences[edit]

[256]

Combustion Science[edit]

Fluid Physics[edit]

Materials Science[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Technology Development[edit]

[291]

Characterizing the Microgravity Environment on ISS[edit]

Environmental Monitoring of ISS[edit]

Picosatellites and Control Technologies[edit]

Spacecraft Materials[edit]

Spacecraft Systems[edit]

Spacecraft and Orbital Environments[edit]

Other Experiments from the Field[edit]

Earth and Space Science[edit]

[333]

Earth Science[edit]

Space Science[edit]

Other Monitors and Observatories from the Field[edit]

ISS Operations Results[edit]

[343]

Crew-member-Initiated Science[edit]

Educational Activities[edit]

Environmental Monitoring of ISS[edit]

Medical Monitoring of ISS Crew members[edit]

Spacecraft Systems[edit]

Spacecraft and Orbital Environments[edit]

Station Development Test Objective[edit]

Supplementary Medical Objective[edit]

Energia RSC reported ISS Research and Science Activity[edit]

[358]

Human Life Research[edit]

[359]

Geophysical Research[edit]

[389]

Earth Resources Sensing[edit]

[398]

Space Biotechnology[edit]

[404]

Technical Research[edit]

[428]

Contract Activities[edit]

[448]

Study of Cosmic Rays[edit]

[486]

Educational and Humanitarian Projects[edit]

[490]

Space Technology and Material Science[edit]

[496]

Foreign Programs[edit]

[504]

Other[edit]

In May 2011, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission STS-134 is due to carry 13 Lego kits to the ISS, where astronauts will build models and see how they react in microgravity, as part of the Lego Bricks in Space program. The results will be shared with schools as part of an educational project.[505][506]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Space Station Overview". ShuttlePressKit.com. 3 June 1999. Retrieved 17 February 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Fields of Research". NASA. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. 
  3. ^ "Getting on Board". NASA. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 December 2007. 
  4. ^ "NASA Authorization Act 2005". United States Government Printing Office. 30 December 2005. Retrieved 6 March 2009. 
  5. ^ Jay Buckey (23 February 2006). Space Physiology. Oxford University Press USA. ISBN 978-0-19-513725-5. 
  6. ^ List Grossman (24 July 2009). "Ion engine could one day power 39-day trips to Mars". New Scientist. Retrieved 8 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Brooke Boen (1 May 2009). "Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM)". NASA. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  8. ^ Sishir Rao et al. (2008). "A Pilot Study of Comprehensive Ultrasound Education at the Wayne State University School of Medicine". Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 27 (5): 745–749. PMID 18424650. 
  9. ^ Michael Fincke et al. (2004). "Evaluation of Shoulder Integrity in Space: First Report of Musculoskeletal US on the International Space Station". Radiology 234 (2): 319–322. doi:10.1148/radiol.2342041680. PMID 15533948. 
  10. ^ "Materials Science 101". Science@NASA. 15 September 1999. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  11. ^ ISS Facilities
  12. ^ a b http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/Discipline.html Facilities List by Discipline Emphasis Summary - NASA
  13. ^ Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC)
  14. ^ Glenn Research Center (NASA)
  15. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_1)
  16. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_2A)
  17. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_3A)
  18. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_4)
  19. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_5)
  20. ^ (EXPRESS_Rack_6)
  21. ^ Human Research Facility 2 (HRF-2)
  22. ^ Experiment Facilities onboard [sic] Kibo’s Pressurized Module (PM):Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA. Kibo.jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  23. ^ Ryutai Experiment Rack (Ryutai)
  24. ^ Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) - JAXA
  25. ^ Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) - JAXA
  26. ^ Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF) - JAXA
  27. ^ Image Processing Unit (IPU) - JAXA
  28. ^ Gradient Heating Furnace (GHF) - JAXA
  29. ^ Saibo Experiment Rack (Saibo)
  30. ^ Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF)
  31. ^ Clean Bench (CB)
  32. ^ Biological Experiment Unit (BEU) - JAXA
  33. ^ High Definition TeleVision transmitting system (HDTV) - JAXA
  34. ^ Passive Dosimeter for Life Science Experiments in Space (PADLES) - JAXA
  35. ^ Specification of JAXA Holter ECG
  36. ^ a b Payload Laptop Terminal (PLT) Microgravity Measurement Apparatus (MMA) Utility DC/DC Converter Unit (UDC):Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA. Kibo.jaxa.jp (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  37. ^ Japanese Experiment Module - Exposed Facility (JEM-EF)
  38. ^ Actiwatch (Actiwatch)
  39. ^ BioServe Culture Apparatus (BCA)
  40. ^ Biological Research in Canisters for OptiCells (BRIC-Opti)
  41. ^ Human Research Facility Continuous Blood Pressure Device (CBPD)
  42. ^ NASA - Hand Grip Dynamometer?Pinch Force Dynamometer (HGD-PFD). Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  43. ^ Human Research Facility Holter Monitor (Holter)
  44. ^ Kennedy Space Center Fixation Tube (KFT)
  45. ^ Portable Clinical Blood Analyzer - i-STAT (PCBA)
  46. ^ Radiation Area Monitor (RAM)
  47. ^ Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC)
  48. ^ Urine Monitoring System (UMS)
  49. ^ Vegetable Production System (Veggie)
  50. ^ a b NASA - Facilities List by Hardware Type
  51. ^ Advanced Biological Research System
  52. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility
  53. ^ ARCTIC Refrigerator-Freezer (ARCTIC)
  54. ^ Biotechnology Specimen Temperature Controller (BSTC)
  55. ^ Biotechnology Temperature Refrigerator (BTR)
  56. ^ Boiling Experiment Facility (BXF) - NASA
  57. ^ Clean Bench (CB) - NASA
  58. ^ Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF) - NASA
  59. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA)- NASA
  60. ^ Commercial Plant Biotechnology Facility (CPBF) - NASA
  61. ^ Commercial Refrigerator Incubator Module - Modified (CRIM-M) - NASA
  62. ^ European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS) - NASA
  63. ^ Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) - NASA
  64. ^ Flywheel Exercise Device (FWED) - NASA
  65. ^ Image Processing Unit (IPU) - NASA
  66. ^ Mice Drawer System Facility (MDS_Facility) - NASA
  67. ^ Microgravity Vibration Isolation Subsystem (MVIS) - NASA
  68. ^ Portable Astroculture Chamber (PASC) - NASA
  69. ^ Protein Crystal Growth - Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System (PCG-STES) - NASA
  70. ^ Protein Crystallization Research Facility (PCRF) - NASA
  71. ^ Pulmonary Function System (PFS) - NASA
  72. ^ Portable Glovebox (PGB) - NASA
  73. ^ Refrigerated Centrifuge (RC) - NASA
  74. ^ Solution Crystallization Observation Facility (SCOF) - NASA
  75. ^ Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (SLAMMD) - NASA
  76. ^ Human Research Facility Ultrasound on the International Space Station (Ultrasound) - NASA
  77. ^ Autonomous Biological System
  78. ^ ADvanced Space Experiment Processor
  79. ^ Astro_Garden
  80. ^ Biological Research in Canisters
  81. ^ Cell Culturing
  82. ^ Group Activation Pack - Fluid Processing Apparatus
  83. ^ Granada Crystallization Facility
  84. ^ a b http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/Facility_Cat.html NASA - Facilities List by Hardware Type
  85. ^ Avian Development Facility
  86. ^ Animal Enclosure Module
  87. ^ General Laboratory Active Cryogenic ISS Experiment Refrigerator
  88. ^ Microgravity Experiment Research Locker Incubator
  89. ^ T-Cell Growth System
  90. ^ Biotube
  91. ^ Kennedy Space Center Gaseous Nitrogen Freezer
  92. ^ JAXA | Space Environment Utilization and Space Experiment. Jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  93. ^ Experiment - Kibo Japanese Experimental Module - JAXA. Kibo.jaxa.jp. Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  94. ^ List of Kibo experiments by theme and/or facility
  95. ^ a b JAXA, Current Status of Research Themes for Kibo First Phase Utilization 
  96. ^ Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection Marangoni Exp/MEIS (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  97. ^ Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni UVP/MaranGoniat) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  98. ^ Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  99. ^ Pattern Formation during Ice Crystal Growth (Ice Crystal) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  100. ^ Investigation on Mechanism of Faceted Cellular Array Growth (Facet) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  101. ^ Gene expression of p53-regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells after Exposure to Space Environment (Rad Gene) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  102. ^ Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  103. ^ Integrated Assessment of Long-term Cosmic Radiation Through Biological Responses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Space (Rad Silk) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  104. ^ Hydrotropism and Auxin-Inducible Gene Expression in Roots Grown under Microgravity Conditions (Hydro Tropi) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  105. ^ Life Cycle of Higher Plants under Microgravity Conditions (Space Seed) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  106. ^ Regulation by Gravity of Ferulate Formation in Cell Walls of Rice Seedlings (Ferulate) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  107. ^ High Quality Protein Crystallization Research (HQPC) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  108. ^ Passive Dosimeter for Life Science Experiments in Space (PADLES) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  109. ^ High Definition TeleVision transmitting system (HDTV) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  110. ^ Current Status of Research Themes for Kibo First Phase Utilization - JAXA
  111. ^ Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  112. ^ Space Poem Chain (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  113. ^ Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  114. ^ Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload (SEDA-AP) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  115. ^ Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb Emission Sounder (SMILES) (ISS Experiment) - JAXA
  116. ^ NASA - NASA - Space Station Science. Nasa.gov (2010-07-19). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  117. ^ Human Research and Countermeasure Development for Exploration - NASA
  118. ^ Effect of Prolonged Space Flight on Human Skeletal Muscle (Biopsy) - NASA
  119. ^ Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss (Bisphosphonates) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  120. ^ Commercial Biomedical Testing Module: Effects of Osteoprotegerin on Bone Maintenance in Microgravity (CBTM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  121. ^ Commercial Biomedical Test Module - 2 (CBTM-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  122. ^ Foot Reaction Forces During Space Flight (Foot) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  123. ^ Effects of Altered Gravity on Spinal Cord Excitability (H-Reflex) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  124. ^ Hand Posture Analyzer (HPA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  125. ^ Renal Stone Risk During Spaceflight: Assessment and Countermeasure Validation (Renal_Stone) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  126. ^ Spinal Elongation and its Effects on Seated Height in a Microgravity Environment (Spinal_Elongation) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  127. ^ Subregional Assessment of Bone Loss in the Axial Skeleton in Long-term Space Flight (Subregional_Bone) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  128. ^ Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS (CCISS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  129. ^ Cardiac Atrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction During and After Long Duration Spaceflight: Functional Consequences for Orthostatic Intolerance, Exercise Capability and Risk for Cardiac Arrhythmias (Integrated_Cardiovascular) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  130. ^ Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Long (Midodrine-Long) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  131. ^ Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Post-flight Orthostatic Hypotension - Short Duration Biological Investigation (Midodrine-SDBI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  132. ^ The Effects of EVA and Long-Term Exposure to Microgravity on Pulmonary Function (PuFF) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  133. ^ Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Submaximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions (VO2max) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  134. ^ Effect of Microgravity on the Peripheral Subcutaneous Veno-Arteriolar Reflex in Humans (Xenon1) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  135. ^ IntraVenous Fluid GENeration for Exploration Missions (ISS Experiment) (IVGEN) - NASA
  136. ^ Stability of Pharmacotherapeutic and Nutritional Compounds (Stability) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  137. ^ Bodies In the Space Environment: Relative Contributions of Internal and External Cues to Self - Orientation, During and After Zero Gravity Exposure (BISE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  138. ^ Crewmember and Crew-Ground Interaction During International Space Station Missions (Interactions) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  139. ^ Behavioral Issues Associated with Isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of ISS Crew Journals (Journals) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  140. ^ Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Long (Sleep-Long) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  141. ^ Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight-Short (Sleep-Short) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  142. ^ Human Factors Assessment of Vibration Effects on Visual Performance During Launch (Visual_Performance) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  143. ^ Differentiation of Bone Marrow Macrophages in Space (BONEMAC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  144. ^ Cell Culture Module - Immune Response of Human Monocytes in Microgravity (CCM-Immune_Response) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  145. ^ Cell Culture Module - Effect of Microgravity on Wound Repair: In Vitro Model of New Blood Vessel Development (CCM-Wound_Repair) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  146. ^ Space Flight Induced Reactivation of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus (Epstein-Barr) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  147. ^ Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function (Integrated_Immune) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  148. ^ Incidence of Latent Virus Shedding During Space Flight (Latent_Virus) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  149. ^ Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  150. ^ Nutritional Status Assessment (Nutrition) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  151. ^ Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery (Pro_K) - NASA
  152. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository (Repository) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  153. ^ ELaboratore Immagini TElevisive - Space 2 (ELITE-S2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  154. ^ Promoting Sensorimotor Response Generalizability: A Countermeasure to Mitigate Locomotor Dysfunction After Long-Duration Space Flight (Mobility) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  155. ^ Bioavailability and Performance Effects of Promethazine During Space Flight (PMZ) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  156. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System (ALTEA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  157. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System - Shield (ALTEA-Shield) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  158. ^ Bonner Ball Neutron Detector (BBND) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  159. ^ Chromosomal Aberrations in Blood Lymphocytes of Astronauts (Chromosome) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  160. ^ Dosimetric Mapping (DOSMAP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  161. ^ A Study of Radiation Doses Experienced by Astronauts in EVA (EVARM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  162. ^ Organ Dose Measurement Using the Phantom Torso (Torso) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  163. ^ Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  164. ^ Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (Card) - NASA
  165. ^ Cytogenetic Effects of Ionizing Radiation in Peripheral Lymphocytes of ISS Crewmembers (Chromosome-2) - NASA
  166. ^ Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (Energy) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  167. ^ Neuroendocrine and Immune Responses in Humans During and After Long Term Stay at ISS (Immuno) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  168. ^ Motion Perception: Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions (MOP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  169. ^ Study of Low Back Pain in Crewmembers During Space Flight (Mus) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  170. ^ Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  171. ^ Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space ( ) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  172. ^ Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station (Reaction_Self_Test) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  173. ^ Study of Microbial Communities Exposed to Weightlessness (Sample) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  174. ^ SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  175. ^ Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin) - NASA
  176. ^ Test of Reaction and Adaptation Capabilities (TRAC)(ISS Experiment) - NASA
  177. ^ Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag) - NASA
  178. ^ Physical and Biological Sciences in Microgravity - NASA
  179. ^ Fungal Pathogenesis, Tumorigenesis, and Effects of Host Immunity in Space (FIT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  180. ^ Mice Drawer System (MDS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  181. ^ Avian Development Facility - Development and Function of the Avian Otolith System in Normal Altered Gravity Environments (ADF-Otolith) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  182. ^ Avian Development Facility - Skeletal Development in Embryonic Quail (ADF-Skeletal) (ISS Experiment)- NASA
  183. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Human Renal Cortical Cell Differentiation and Hormone Production (CBOSS-01-02-Renal) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  184. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Use of NASA Bioreactor to Study Cell Cycle Regulation: Mechanisms of Colon Carcinoma Metastasis in Microgravity (CBOSS-01-Colon (ISS Experiment)) - NASA
  185. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Evaluation of Ovarian Tumor Cell Growth and Gene Expression (CBOSS-01-Ovarian) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  186. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: PC12 Pheochromocytoma Cells - A Proven Model System for Optimizing 3-D Cell Culture Biotechnology in Space (CBOSS-01-PC12) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  187. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Production of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin by Mammalian Cells (CBOSS-02-Erythropoietin) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  188. ^ Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: The Effect of Microgravity on the Immune Function of Human Lymphoid Tissue (CBOSS-02-HLT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  189. ^ Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support Systems: Fluid Dynamics Investigation (CBOSS-FDI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  190. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Antibiotic Production in Space (CGBA-APS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  191. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Kidney Cell Gene Expression (CGBA-KCGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  192. ^ Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus - Synaptogenesis in Microgravity (CGBA-SM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  193. ^ Microencapsulation Electrostatic Processing System (MEPS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  194. ^ StelSys Liver Cell Function Research (StelSys) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  195. ^ Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - A (TripleLux-A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  196. ^ Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions - B (TripleLux-B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  197. ^ Microbial Drug Resistance Virulence (MDRV) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  198. ^ Effect of Spaceflight on Microbial Gene Expression and Virulence (Microbe) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  199. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells (NLP-Cells) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  200. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1A (NLP-Vaccine-1A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  201. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1B (NLP-Vaccine-1B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  202. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 1C (NLP-Vaccine-1C) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  203. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 2 (NLP-Vaccine-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  204. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 3 (NLP-Vaccine-3) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  205. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 4 (NLP-Vaccine-4) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  206. ^ National Lab Pathfinder - Vaccine - 5 (NLP-Vaccine-5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  207. ^ Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems (POEMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  208. ^ Streptococcus pneumoniae Expression of Genes in Space (SPEGIS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  209. ^ Surface, Water and Air Biocharacterization - A Comprehensive Characterization of Microorganisms and Allergens in Spacecraft Environment (SWAB) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  210. ^ Yeast-Group Activation Packs (Yeast-GAP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  211. ^ Advanced AstrocultureTM (ADVASC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  212. ^ Biomass Production System (BPS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  213. ^ Cambium (Cambium) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  214. ^ Cell Wall/Reverse Genetic Approach to Exploring Genes Responsible for Cell Wall Dynamics in Supporting Tissues of Arabidopsis Under Microgravity Conditions and Resist Wall/Role of Microtubule-Membrane-Cell Wall Continuum in Gravity Resistance in Plants (CWRW) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  215. ^ Gravity Related Genes in Arabidopsis - A (Genara-A) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  216. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (Gravi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  217. ^ Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing - 2 (Gravi-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  218. ^ Validating Vegetable Production Unit (VPU) Plants, Protocols, Procedures and Requirements (P3R) Using Currently Existing Flight Resources (Lada-VPU-P3R) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  219. ^ Molecular and Plant Physiological Analyses of the Microgravity Effects on Multigeneration Studies of Arabidopsis thaliana (Multigen) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  220. ^ National Laboratory Pathfinder - Cells - 3: Jatropha Biofuels (NLP-Cells-3) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  221. ^ The Optimization of Root Zone Substrates (ORZS) for Reduced Gravity Experiments Program (ORZS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  222. ^ Photosynthesis Experiment and System Testing and Operation (PESTO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  223. ^ Plant Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (PGBA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  224. ^ Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  225. ^ Analysis of a Novel Sensory Mechanism in Root Phototropism (Tropi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  226. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Extraordinary Structural Features of Antibodies from Camelids (APCF-Camelids) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  227. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Solution Flows and Molecular Disorder of Protein Crystals: Growth of High Quality Crystals, Motions of Lumazin Crystals and Growth of Ferritin Crystals (APCF-Crystal_Growth) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  228. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Effect of Different Growth Conditions on the Quality of Thaumatin and Aspartyl-tRNA Synthetase Crystals Grown in Microgravity (APCF-Crystal_Quality) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  229. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Subfractions in Microgravity (APCF-Lipoprotein) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  230. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Testing New Trends in Microgravity Protein Crystallization (APCF-Lysozyme) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  231. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of the Next Generation of Octarellins (APCF-Octarellins) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  232. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Protein Crystallization in Microgravity, Collagen Model (X-Y-Gly) Polypeptides - the case of (Pro-Pro-Gly) 10 (APCF-PPG10) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  233. ^ Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility - Crystallization of Rhodopsin in Microgravity (APCF-Rhodopsin) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  234. ^ Commercial Protein Crystal Growth - High Density (CPCG-H) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  235. ^ Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystal Growth (DCPCG) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  236. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Enhanced Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar (PCG-EGN) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  237. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Improved Diffraction Quality of Crystals (PCG-STES-IDQC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  238. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Integral Membrane Protein Using Microgravity (PCG-STES-IMP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  239. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Synchrotron Based Mosaicity Measurements of Crystal Quality and Theoretical Modeling (PCG-STES-MM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  240. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Crystallization of the Mitochondrial Metabolite Transport Proteins (PCG-STES-MMTP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  241. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System - Crystal Growth Model System for Material Science (PCG-STES-MS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  242. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Engineering a Ribozyme for Diffraction Properties (PCG-STES-RDP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  243. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Regulation of Gene Expression (PCG-STES-RGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  244. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Science and Applications of Facility Hardware for Protein Crystal Growth (PCG-STES-SA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  245. ^ Protein Crystal Growth-Single Locker Thermal Enclosure System-Vapor Equilibrium Kinetics Studies (PCG-STES-VEKS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  246. ^ Dome Gene Experiment (DomeGene) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  247. ^ Exposure Experiment (Expose) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  248. ^ Fischer Rat Thyroid Low Serum 5% (FRTL5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  249. ^ High Quality Protein Crystallization (HQPC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  250. ^ Detection of Changes in LOH Profile of TK mutants of Human Cultured Cells (LOH) - Gene Expression of p53-Regulated Genes in Mammalian Cultured Cells After Exposure to Space Environment (LOH-RadGene) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  251. ^ Effects of Microgravity on the Haemopoietic System: A Study on Neocytolysis (Neocytolysis) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  252. ^ PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  253. ^ ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  254. ^ Study of Space Environment Effects on PY17 Bacterial Spores onboard [sic] Space Shuttle (Spore) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  255. ^ Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  256. ^ Physical and Biological Sciences in Microgravity - NASA
  257. ^ Smoke Point In Co-flow Experiment (SPICE) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  258. ^ Capillary Flow Experiment (CFE)- (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  259. ^ DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert (DECLIC-HTI) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  260. ^ Fluid Merging Viscosity Measurement (FMVM) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  261. ^ Miscible Fluids in Microgravity (MFMG) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  262. ^ Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment (SHERE) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  263. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL) - (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  264. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point (BCAT-3-4-CP) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  265. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Binary Alloys (BCAT-3-BA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  266. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3: Surface Crystallization (BCAT-3-SC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  267. ^ Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion (BCAT-4-Poly) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  268. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt (BCAT-5-3D-Melt) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  269. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Compete (BCAT-5-Compete) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  270. ^ Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation (BCAT-5-PhaseSep) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  271. ^ Coarsening in Solid Liquid Mixtures-2 (CSLM-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  272. ^ DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert (DECLIC-DSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  273. ^ EXPRESS Physics of Colloids in Space (EXPPCS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  274. ^ Viscous Liquid Foam - Bulk Metallic Glass (Foam) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  275. ^ Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions (InSPACE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  276. ^ Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 2 (InSPACE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  277. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 1 and 2 (MISSE-1_and_2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  278. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 3 and 4 (MISSE-3_and_4) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  279. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 5 (MISSE-5) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  280. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 6A and 6B (MISSE-6A_and_6B) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  281. ^ Materials International Space Station Experiment - 7 (MISSE-7) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  282. ^ Materials Science Laboratory - Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (MSL-CETSOL_and_MICAST) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  283. ^ Toward Understanding Pore Formation and Mobility During Controlled Directional Solidification in a Microgravity Environment (PFMI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  284. ^ Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument - Aggregation of Colloidal Solutions (SODI-Colloid) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  285. ^ Space-Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System (SpaceDRUMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  286. ^ Solidification Using a Baffle in Sealed Ampoules (SUBSA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  287. ^ Zeolite Crystal Growth (ZCG) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  288. ^ and Applied Studies of Emulsion Stability (FASES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  289. ^ Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  290. ^ Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  291. ^ NASA - Technology. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  292. ^ Active Rack Isolation System - ISS Characterization Experiment (ARIS-ICE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  293. ^ Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System (MAMS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  294. ^ Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  295. ^ Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air (ANITA) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  296. ^ Electronic Nose (ENose) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  297. ^ Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System (LOCAD-PTS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  298. ^ Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System - Exploration (LOCAD-PTS-Exploration) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  299. ^ Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor (VCAM) ISS Experiment - NASA
  300. ^ Avatar Explore: Autonomous Robotic Operations Performed from the ISS (Avatar_Explore) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  301. ^ Avatar - Explore (ISS Experiment) - Canadian Space Agency
  302. ^ Dual RF Astrodynamic GPS Orbital Navigator Satellite (DRAGONSat) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  303. ^ Middeck Active Control Experiment-II (MACE-II) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  304. ^ Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  305. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Microelectromechanical System-Based (MEMS) PICOSAT Inspector (STP-H2-MEPSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  306. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Radar Fence Transponder (STP-H2-RAFT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  307. ^ Elastic Memory Composite Hinge (EMCH) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  308. ^ In Space Soldering Investigation (ISSI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  309. ^ Pico-Satellite Solar Cell Experiment (PSSC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  310. ^ Rigidizable Inflatable Get-Away-Special Experiment (RIGEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  311. ^ RIGEX summary - NASA
  312. ^ DTIC paper on RIGEX
  313. ^ Boiling eXperiment Facility - Microheater Array Boiling Experiment (BXF-MABE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  314. ^ Boiling eXperiment Facility - Nucleate Pool Boiling eXperiment (BXF-NPBX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  315. ^ Dust and Aerosol Measurement Feasibility Test (DAFT) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  316. ^ Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  317. ^ Maui Analysis of Upper Atmospheric Injections (MAUI) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  318. ^ Multi-User Droplet Combustion Apparatus - Flame Extinguishment Experiment (MDCA-FLEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  319. ^ Smoke and Aerosol Measurement Experiment (SAME) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  320. ^ Space Communications and Navigation Testbed (SCAN_Testbed) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  321. ^ Shuttle Exhaust Ion Turbulence Experiments (SEITE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  322. ^ Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with Pulsed Localized Exhaust Experiments (SIMPLEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  323. ^ Serial Network Flow Monitor (SNFM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  324. ^ Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment - 2 (ANDE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  325. ^ Ram Burn Observations (RAMBO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  326. ^ Space Test Program-H2-Atmospheric Neutral Density Experiment (STP-H2-ANDE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  327. ^ DEBris In Orbit Evaluator - 2 (DEBIE-2) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  328. ^ EuTEF Thermometer (EuTemp) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  329. ^ Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  330. ^ Activation and Test Downlink of HDTV System (JAXA-HDTV) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  331. ^ Particle Flux Demonstrator (Particle_Flux) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  332. ^ Tribology Laboratory (TriboLab) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  333. ^ NASA - Observing the Earth and Educational Activities. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  334. ^ Agricultural Camera (AgCam) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  335. ^ Crew Earth Observations (CEO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  336. ^ Crew Earth Observations - International Polar Year (CEO-IPY) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  337. ^ Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02 (AMS-02) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  338. ^ DOSimetry TELescopes (DOSTEL) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  339. ^ Flux (Phi) Probe EXperiment - Time resolved Measurement of Atomic Oxygen (FIPEX) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  340. ^ HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HREP-HICO) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  341. ^ HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS) (HREP-RAIDS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  342. ^ RaDI-N (RaDI-N) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  343. ^ NASA - Results from ISS Operations. Nasa.gov (2010-07-31). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  344. ^ Science of Opportunity (Saturday_Morning_Science) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  345. ^ Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  346. ^ Education - How Solar Cells Work (Education-Solar_Cells) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  347. ^ International Space Station Inflight Education Downlinks (Inflight_Education_Downlinks) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  348. ^ Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' - Dosimetry (ALTEA-Dosi) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  349. ^ International Space Station Acoustic Measurement Program (ISS_Acoustics) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  350. ^ Clinical Nutrition Assessment of ISS Astronauts, SMO-016E (Clinical_Nutrition_Assessment) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  351. ^ International Space Station Zero-Propellant Maneuver (ZPM) Demonstration (ZPM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  352. ^ Analysis of International Space Station Plasma Interaction (Plasma_Interaction_Model) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  353. ^ Validation of On-Orbit Methodology for the Assessment of Cardiac Function and Changes in the Circulating Volume Using Ultrasound and Braslet-M Occlusion Cuffs, SDTO 17011 U/R (Braslet) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  354. ^ Component Repair Experiment - 1, SDTO 17012U (CRE-1) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  355. ^ Soldering in Reduced Gravity Experiment, SDTO 17003-U (SoRGE) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  356. ^ Solid State Lighting Module, SDTO 15008U (SSLM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  357. ^ Periodic Fitness Evaluation with Oxygen Uptake Measurement (PFE-OUM) (ISS Experiment) - NASA
  358. ^ S.P. Korolev RSC Energia - International Space Station. Energia.ru (2000-11-02). Retrieved on 2010-08-14.
  359. ^ Human Life Research on ISS Russian Segment - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  360. ^ Sprut-MBI (ISS Experiment)] - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  361. ^ Parodont (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  362. ^ Cardio-ODNT (ISS Experiment)- S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  363. ^ Mass Transfer (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  364. ^ Prognos (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  365. ^ Brados (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  366. ^ Farma (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  367. ^ Poligen (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  368. ^ Diurez (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  369. ^ Biotest (ISS Experiment)- S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  370. ^ Biotest-1 (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  371. ^ Profilaktika (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  372. ^ Pulse (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  373. ^ BIMS (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  374. ^ Biorisk (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  375. ^ Rastenia-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  376. ^ Pilot (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  377. ^ Intercellular Interaction (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  378. ^ Gematologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  379. ^ Plasmida (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  380. ^ Statokonia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  381. ^ Regeneratsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  382. ^ Akvarium (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  383. ^ Sonokard (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  384. ^ Vzaimodeystviye (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  385. ^ Dykhanie (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  386. ^ Pneumocard (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  387. ^ Rastenia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  388. ^ Tipologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  389. ^ Geophysical Research - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  390. ^ Uragan (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  391. ^ Relaksatsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  392. ^ Molnyia-SM (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  393. ^ Vsplesk (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  394. ^ Impuls (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  395. ^ Plazma-Progress (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  396. ^ Plazma-MKS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  397. ^ Ten’-Mayak (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  398. ^ Earth Resources Sensing - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  399. ^ Diatomeya (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  400. ^ Volny (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  401. ^ Rusalka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  402. ^ Seiner (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  403. ^ Ekon (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  404. ^ Space Biotechnology - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  405. ^ CPCF-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  406. ^ Mimetik-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  407. ^ Biodegradation (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  408. ^ Conjugation (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  409. ^ MSK (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  410. ^ KAF (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  411. ^ Vaktsina-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  412. ^ Bioekologia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  413. ^ Interleukin-K (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  414. ^ Bioemulsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  415. ^ Glikoproteid (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  416. ^ Biotrek (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  417. ^ Antigen (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  418. ^ Lactolen (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  419. ^ ARIL (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  420. ^ OChB (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  421. ^ Astrovaktsina (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  422. ^ Zhenshen-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  423. ^ Kaskad (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  424. ^ BIF (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  425. ^ Bakteriofag (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  426. ^ Structura (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  427. ^ Konstanta (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  428. ^ Technical Research - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  429. ^ Tenzor (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  430. ^ Iskazhenye (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  431. ^ Privyazka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  432. ^ Identificatsia (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  433. ^ Izgib (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  434. ^ Infrazvuk-M (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  435. ^ Meteoroid (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  436. ^ Vektor-T (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  437. ^ Scorpion (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  438. ^ Kromka (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  439. ^ Acoustika-M (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  440. ^ Toksichnost (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  441. ^ Radioskaf (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  442. ^ Sreda-MKS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  443. ^ Infotekh (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  444. ^ Kontur (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  445. ^ Veterok (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  446. ^ BAR (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  447. ^ Expert (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  448. ^ Contract Activities - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  449. ^ GTS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  450. ^ GTS-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  451. ^ Vzglyad (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  452. ^ Biosfera (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  453. ^ LEGO (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  454. ^ Popular Mechanics (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  455. ^ MPAC & SEED (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  456. ^ HDTV (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  457. ^ Starmail (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  458. ^ GCF-JAXA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  459. ^ ROKVISS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  460. ^ Neurocog (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  461. ^ Cardiocog (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  462. ^ Neurocog-3 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  463. ^ JAXA 3DPC (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  464. ^ JAXA 3DPC-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  465. ^ SCN (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  466. ^ Cardiocog-4 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  467. ^ NOA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  468. ^ IMMUNO (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  469. ^ Golf (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  470. ^ Myocite (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  471. ^ Stroma (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  472. ^ Amphybody (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  473. ^ Tubul (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  474. ^ MIA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  475. ^ NKA (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  476. ^ Bioculture (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  477. ^ Altcriss (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  478. ^ Cult (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  479. ^ Sample-LDM (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  480. ^ AT-SPACE (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  481. ^ BIOKIN 4 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  482. ^ PKINASE (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  483. ^ EXPOSE-R (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  484. ^ Pille-Simonyi-2 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  485. ^ Sample (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  486. ^ Study of Cosmic Rays - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  487. ^ Platan (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  488. ^ BTN-Neutron (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  489. ^ Matryoshka-R (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  490. ^ Educational and Humanitarian Projects - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  491. ^ Kolibry Project (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  492. ^ Konstructor Project (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  493. ^ MATI-75 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  494. ^ MAI-75 (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  495. ^ Fizika-Obrazovanie (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  496. ^ Space Technology and Material Science - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  497. ^ SVS (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  498. ^ Kristallizator (ISS Experiment) - S.P. KOROLEV ROCKET AND SPACE CORPORATION «ENERGIA»
  499. ^ PKE-Nefedov extended research programme Growth of particles under microgravity conditions - ESA
  500. ^ PKE Nefedov - MPE
  501. ^ Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  502. ^ PK-3 Plus - MPE
  503. ^ Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  504. ^ Foreign Programs - S.P.Korolev RSC Energia
  505. ^ Banks, Dave (2011-04-28). "Space Shuttle Endeavour Launches Tomorrow With a Special Payload". Wired News. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  506. ^ Eaton, Kit (2011-04-29). "Space Shuttle Endeavour: Made Of Spare Parts". Fast Company. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 

External links[edit]